Congenital malformations of the fetus

Congenital malformations of the fetus (CDF) — one of the most dangerous complications of pregnancy, which took the first place among the causes of childhood disability and mortality. The birth of a child with birth defects always stuns family, this topic — one of the most difficult.

Statistics scares, amid declining infant mortality increase in the number of congenital malformations observed in most countries of the world. If in Europe the frequency of the CDF is 3-4 cases per 1000 births, while in Russia it reaches 5.6 per 1,000.

By birth defects are malformations of the nervous system — anencephaly (no brain), spina bifida (open herniated spinal cord), malformations of the cardiovascular system (heart, etc.), malformations of the limbs — atresia (absence), oral -facial deformity — cleft lip, cleft palate, and more.


The causes of fetal CDF

The causes of the formation of congenital malformations are different. This pathology can be hereditary, if the parents have chromosomal abnormalities in the set. In other cases, the source of the problem are the various harmful factors: infections, frequent use of alcohol and drugs.

One of the reasons — lack of vitamins in the diet of pregnant women in particular — folic acid. The recommended rate of micronutrients for pregnant woman and a half times greater than that for women of childbearing age. This is no accident — it affects the health of the baby and when he is in the womb and after birth.

Pediatricians believe that, in addition to the CDF, neonatal diseases such as iron deficiency anemia, rickets or developmental delays are often due to the fact that the mother did not have enough vitamins and minerals during pregnancy.

Other disorders can to make themselves much later — in the kindergarten and the school: it is the disease of the gastrointestinal tract and metabolic diseases in the first place, as well as diabetes and obesity.

It is important to remember that the way of life of the future mother, her nutrition, bad habits form the basis of the health of her unborn baby. A lack of vitamins can cause disturbances of physical and mental development of the child. This greatly increases the risk of having children with developmental disabilities, and low birth weight.


Key factor: Folic acid

The leading role in the prevention of prevention of congenital malformations in the fetus is folic acid. It is essential for cell division, growth and development of all organs and tissues, the normal development of the embryo of hematopoiesis. Folic acid prevents the risk of preterm birth and fetal membranes break.

This vitamin enables the speed of growth and development of the child, especially in the early stages of pregnancy. Folic acid deficiency during pregnancy increases the risk of fetal malformations, particularly neural tube defects, hydrocephalus, and anencephaly. To prevent violations of the neural tube in the embryo woman should be no less than every 800 micrograms (0.8 mg) of folic acid, both before and during pregnancy.

Today, doctors believe in the need of large-scale educational activities that promote the planned pregnancy and preventive measures that can significantly reduce the risk of having a child with CDF — in particular, the administration of drugs containing folic acid.

Several countries, such as Argentina and Turkey, are already implementing national programs for the prevention of birth defects. They consist of the education part, explaining the health professionals and women themselves ways of prevention of fetal malformations and challenging parts — compensation for 70-80% of the cost of multivitamin supplements containing folic acid.


Vitamins — for life

Some people believe that a well-balanced daily diet of pregnant women contains a sufficient amount of vitamins, trace elements, and in this case does not require an additional appointment multivitamin complexes. However, according to European data, vitamin deficiency in pregnant women is 20-30% even in the most balanced and varied diet.

Modern studies are regularly conducted in recent years, RAMS, showed that the diet of the modern woman, made from natural products, it is quite adequate to our energy costs, and even excessive in calories, is not able to provide the body with the necessary amounts of vitamins during pregnancy and nursing.

That's why experts recommend expectant mothers receiving specialized vitamin and mineral supplements that compensate for the lack of micronutrients in the diet of pregnant women. The optimum composition is Pronatal Eleven ®, which contains 12 vitamins and 7 minerals and trace elements. Eleven Pronatal ® is the only vitamin and mineral complex for pregnant women * proven clinically effective in reducing the risk of congenital malformations in the fetus. It has been proven that Elevit many times reduces the risk of neural tube defects in the baby, and 47% reduced risk of other birth defects.

Eleven Pronatal ® also contributes to the effective prevention of anemia and premature delivery in the second half of pregnancy.

The drug has side effects and contraindications. Before use, consult a doctor.

Admission vitamin-mineral complexes — not an attempt to improve the good and proven medical research need.

More information can be found at


* AECzeizel use of multivitamins containing folic acid during the period of conception. Europ. J. Obstetr. Gynecol. Reproductive Biology, 1998, 151-161.

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