Hydrops eggs, or hydrocele, (From the Greek. Hydor — water, liquid and kele — swelling, tumor) — is disease, in which there is excessive formation and fluid retention in the shells of eggs. The volume of liquid that accumulates in the corresponding half scrotum may vary from a few milliliters to 1-3 liters (in extreme cases). This disease are often observed in both children and adults.
Why did this happen and what is happening?
Hydrops Eggs can be congenital or acquired.
Before the beginning of the XX century, the most common cause of acquired hydrocele had gonorrhea. Today hydrocele often manifests itself after injury, but usually such small that people do not pay attention to them. 2-3 weeks after such an injury in one of the halves there is a painless swelling of the scrotum, which is slowly increasing. The process can go on for several years, without any pain and frustration — this is called chronic hydrocele. Only upon reaching the hydrocele large sizes (up to the size of the baby's head) there are difficulties with urination and sexual disorders.
Hydrocele can occur as a complication, such as after renal transplantation or treatment of varicocele.
Acute (reactive) hydrocele is often seen against the background of other, more serious diseases: gonorrhea, tuberculosis, or inflammation of the epididymis (epididymitis).
Diagnosis and treatment
Edema egg shells not cause any difficulties in diagnosis or treatment. In determining this disease physician and andrology conducts the initial examination male genitalia. The most informative in the diagnosis of a hydrocele is ultrasound of the scrotum, which measures the amount of dropsical fluid, as well as to assess the state of the epididymis and testis.
In those cases where a hydrocele consequence of other diseases (inflammation, gonorrhea etc.), first to treatment these particular ailments.
For all other types of hydrocele treatment — surgery. The only exception: the operation is not made for children up to 1-1.5 years with congenital hydrocephalus.
By itself, a small collection of fluid does not cause any complications. However, dropsical cavity can reach large sizes, making it difficult for physical activity and sex life. In addition, when delayed treatment of hydrocephalus and its large volumes of possible testicular atrophy and irreversible damage sperm production, leading to male infertility.