Boeing YAL-1 (Eng. Boeing YAL-1 (ABL, AirBorne Laser)) — an experimental combat aircraft capable of using massive airborne laser to destroy different enemy targets.
The plane is designed based on a 747-400F. Is an element of a system designed first to intercept ballistic and cruise missiles with nuclear warheads.
The main advantage over other means — the ability to defeat the rocket launch site on the original line of motion of flight.
History of creation
Initially, the total price of U.S. applets estimated at $ 2.5 billion. Planned to make two layouts and after the test build 5 more aircraft to be placed on 2-war theaters. In 2006 spent $ 3 billion, and the total price of the project is estimated at $ 7-13 billion dollars. The program ABL has been reduced to a technology demonstration. In 2009, a group of developers, as a scientific control applets in 1987-1990 O’Din Dr. Judd became winners innovatorskih premiums.
Test systems to detect and track
March 16, 2007 at Edwards Air Force Base United States (California) tests were performed, during which the staff laser target illumination system TILL found, captured and comped simulator working motor ballistic missile mounted on an aircraft target NC-135. First flight tests are planned for military laser in 2008, and tests with real liquidation planned ballistic missile in 2009.
6 and June 13, 2009 were successfully conducted two tests of target tracking system (used as a target missile Terrier-Lynx, launches from the landfill U.S. Navy on a peninsula near the coast of California).
August 10, 2009 held successful tests for the detection and simulation of defeats the purpose.
August 18, 2009 conducted the first test flight megawatt laser radiation absorbed by the calorimeter installed on board aircraft YAL-1.
Liquidation educational purposes
February 3, 2010 conducted successful tests of the laser in-flight at the defeat ballistic missile hard fuel.
February 11, 2010 continued testing. South American Missile Defense Agency (Eng. Missile Defense Agency — MDA) conducted tests military laser in flight to defeat ballistic missiles. According to a press release from the agency was carried out shooting laser system for two purposes, simulating ballistic missiles hard and watery fuel in the boost phase line of motion.
Tests conducted airborne laser AFB U.S. Navy Point Mugu, California. Ballistic missile with LRE launched from a mobile platform in the sea. Defeat the purpose was accomplished in several steps. In the first step was carried out to detect targets using airborne target tracking detectors and laser beam TILL. Then the laser was used to assess the impact BILL atmosphere on the accuracy rate. After which he was fired megawatt class laser combat at full capacity, warmed rocket to critical temperature and caused irreversible disturbance of its structure. Reported target lesion (missile was on the active portion of the line of motion). Since starting to defeat the purpose took about 2-minutes.
Less than an hour after the defeat of the first rocket was launched solid propellant missile (similar knocked during testing February 3) from the island of San Nicolas (California), which is approximately 100 km from Pine-Mugu. Reported the successful defeat and second goals.
The main components of the system:
Platform YAL-1 — a modified Boeing 747-400 installed in the rear of chemical laser.
Laser TILL (Track Illuminator Laser) — is designed to detect and track (light) target, as adjustments characteristics of the optical system of the laser, with which will be defeating the purpose.
Laser BILL (Beacon Illuminator) — is used to compensate for atmospheric distortions.
Shestimodulny battle laser HEL. Simulator was used in tests SHEL (born Surrogate High Energy Laser).