A biopsy of the prostate gland — one of the binding studies for the final diagnosis of prostate cancer. In all patients suspected of having the disease after a full range of inspection:
- digital rectal examination;
- transrectal ultrasound research;
- determine the level of
antigen (PSA). prostate-specific
Based on the results of the biopsy prostate addressed the issue of choice of treatment for each individual patient.
There are several methods of taking a biopsy of the prostate. The most common and least painful is the transrectal biopsy Prostate performed by the device for a biopsy, which consists of a biopsy gun and special disposable needles.
Before starting a biopsy of the prostate into the rectum through the anus introduced anesthetic, most commonly used gel with lidocaine. Through
Atbiopsy of the prostate all cancer patients should observe the following guidelines:
- during the 7 days before the biopsy can not take medications that affect blood clotting (aspirin, heparin, sinkumar, fenilin, etc.);
- 3 days before the biopsy to stop taking anti-inflammatory drugs;
- in the evening and in the morning the day before the study is put enema;
- The study was conducted on an empty stomach;
- during the day after biopsy should limit physical activity;
days after the biopsy is assigned to antibiotic therapy for the prevention of inflammation of the prostate gland; 3-5
- the next day after biopsy to remove a tampon inserted into the rectum physician possible to prevent bleeding.
Complications of prostate biopsy:
- hematuria (blood in the urine);
- gemospermiya (blood in semen);
- pain in the perineum and rectum;
- inflammation of the prostate or the exacerbation of chronic prostatitis;
- inflammation of the testis and epididymis (orchiepididymitis);
- acute retention of urine;
- bleeding from the rectum.