Diseases of the pituitary gland

Diseases of the pituitary gland.  Photo from www.sciencephoto.com

Pituitary — The most important iron in the endocrine system. Pituitary hormones affect all endocrine organs, as well as self-regulate body functions. Excess or deficiency of hormones produced by the pituitary gland, causing serious disease.

Pituitary Located at the base of the brain in the skull with a deepening romantic name "Turkish saddle."

Lack pituitary hormones can cause:

  • pituitary dwarfism or dwarfism (deficit growth hormone);
  • delayed sexual development, or lack of sexual desire (follicle-stimulating hormone deficiency and luteinizing hormones — hormones that stimulate the production of sex hormones);
  • hypothyroidism (deficit thyroid hormones);
  • hypopituitarism — lack of pituitary hormones.

Excess pituitary hormones leads to:

  • hyperprolactinemia (excess prolactin), women manifested failure of the menstrual cycle and lactation, men — decreased sex drive, impotence, and sometimes — lactation;
  • gigantism (excess growth hormone);
  • disease Cushing (Excess adrenocorticotropic hormone) — severe disease, manifested diabetes, high blood pressure, osteoporosis and obesity.

Diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the pituitary gland has beenendocrinologist.

Like this post? Please share to your friends: