Pituitary — The most important iron in the endocrine system. Pituitary hormones affect all endocrine organs, as well as self-regulate body functions. Excess or deficiency of hormones produced by the pituitary gland, causing serious disease.
Pituitary Located at the base of the brain in the skull with a deepening romantic name "Turkish saddle."
Lack pituitary hormones can cause:
- pituitary dwarfism or dwarfism (deficit growth hormone);
- delayed sexual development, or lack of sexual desire (follicle-stimulating hormone deficiency and luteinizing hormones — hormones that stimulate the production of sex hormones);
- hypothyroidism (deficit thyroid hormones);
- hypopituitarism — lack of pituitary hormones.
Excess pituitary hormones leads to:
- hyperprolactinemia (excess prolactin), women manifested failure of the menstrual cycle and lactation, men — decreased sex drive, impotence, and sometimes — lactation;
- gigantism (excess growth hormone);
(Excess adrenocorticotropic hormone) — severe disease, manifested diabetes, high blood pressure, osteoporosis and obesity. Cushing
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the pituitary gland has been