Adopted extremely costly and ambitious program of development of the Russian microelectronics
The government has approved the state program of development of the electronics industry. Prior to 2015, for these purposes will be allocated 517 billion rubles. It is planned that by 2025, some branches of almost 100% of used electronics to be manufactured in Russia. The experts assessed how realistic are these ambitious plans.
The government has approved the state program of development of the electronics industry. The journalists said the head of the Industry and Trade Ministry Denis MANTUROV.
"In order to catch up with the developed countries, say, 15 years from now, during this period of investment is required by the state and private entities in the amount of about 450-500 billion dollars"
"Today, the program chairman of the government and the government approved — said MANTUROV. -Accordingly, it will take some time complete the formation of the technical decision of the government, but in the coming days, the document is to be officially published and will be released before the end of this month. "
The total program of 2025 is approximately equal to 517 billion rubles. Of these, 180 billion rubles — a budget component. "Fixed assets should be at the expense of off budget, by attracting private investment, public-private partnership" — said the Minister.
According to him, the 2025 budget component will fall to 11 billion by the year from the current 19. In this case, extra-budgetary component with 37 billion rubles this year to 2025 will grow to 45.5 billion rubles, reports
By 2025, under the government program, providing an indicator of the market through its own production should reach 40%. Labor productivity is expected to grow six-fold in some sectors, in particular — a special electronic industry. Here the Russian element base should be at least 90-95%. By the deadline presence in international markets will grow three times, and exports — four times. In addition, this would create 15,000 high quality jobs.
In the world today, the development of these industries is allocated about $ 2 trillion, and by 2025 this figure could rise to $ 3 trillion, said MANTUROV.
Adopted on Thursday a state program is practically a continuation of the federal target program of development of these industries in 2008-2015. This program allows you to schedule the Ministry of Finance is already funding after 2016, the minister said.
MANTUROV stressed that "in addition to creating a special military-electronics technology will be developed with the dual purpose." "We are talking about the saturation of automotive electronic equipment, telecommunication equipment, electrical and household equipment", — quotes him
Today, the automotive industry uses nearly 50% of the products created by Russian companies, he added.
For the first time
On the basis of the words Manturova, the annual amount of public investment in the development of the industry — it's tens of billions of rubles. An estimated CEO Information and Analytical Center of modern electronics, the executive director of the Association of electronic components, Ivan Pokrovsky, it is comparable with the annual investment in R &D and capital goods companies Xilinx, Intersil and International Rectifier combined.
Meanwhile, the Russian electronics industry today presented 556 companies and organizations. Figure, quite frankly, is not the highest among the emerging economies.
The backlog of domestic electronic and electronic industry as a whole is more than 15 years, says Narek Avakian, an analyst at financial services company AForex. "You can not say that we do not have modern production facilities, which could produce high-quality products and at least maintain the zero rate of return. However, those companies in the industry is small scale and to increase the volume of production, and, respectively, and the implementation, you need to invest heavily in expanding production capacity, "- he says.
In general, high-tech sectors of the Russian economy does not occupy more than 20%, while in developed countries this figure exceeds 50%. "In order to catch up with the developed countries, say, 15 years from now, during this period of investment is required by the state and private entities in the amount of about 450-500 billion dollars", — said Avakian.
At the initial stage, he continues, it would be wise to invest just as these same companies that already are operating and have even a small market share. "And the initial investment should be that of the state, but only when these investments will have the effect, then private investors will be watching for that possibility," — he concluded.
To increase productivity in electronic and electronic industry is six times, you need to at least upgrade the equipment in all enterprises, plus optimize staff and spending in these enterprises competent management policy. Moreover, substantial investments are needed to create new production capacity, improve infrastructure and create productive jobs. And because the claimed 517 billion rubles will be insufficient, concludes Narek Avakian.
On the contrary, a leading analyst of "Alpari" Leonid Matveyev believes that "for a start it is enough."
"The development of electronics production facilities increases the competitiveness of Russian companies, and gives the field for the growth of new or emerging companies that are re-invested in your own business," — he said.
Coupled with recent statements about improving the image of Russia, the financing of such projects will spur investment capital, has long been waiting in the wings. "Foreign companies will be able to transfer the production of the other, where the cost of a highly professional workforce is much lower. This will have an impact on sectors such as automotive, medical equipment, computing, consumer electronics, gazoneftedobychu "- lists Matveev.
The electronic needle
The priority of the state program is the replacement of the component base of foreign manufacture domestic equivalents, which would reduce the technological gap between Russia and the global level, said Gleb Slavutskii, director of development and marketing, "Autolocator."
Sources in the defense claim that about 60-70%, and for a number of positions — and by 90-95% elemental base is purchased abroad. While for Russia — a forced necessity, said in
"We have a similar product that we could use instead of overseas. But in view of the fact that our market — especially for items of military equipment — not as capacious as the world, our businesses can not establish continuous production of these products. So first of all on economic indicators, they essentially lose overseas. However, severe restrictions on the cost of the final product developers make use of foreign equipment parts, "- said the expert.
Related to this is the recent scandal in the United States. In early October, the Brooklyn prosecut
or's office in New York
According to the U.S. Attorney's office, they were engaged in the supply of microelectronics for the Russian MiG-35. According to the FBI, the Russian spies helped modernize the Navy at the expense of U.S. technology. According to other reports, exported defendants in the spy scandal of the U.S. high-tech microelectronic devices designed to improve the weapons of the Navy of Russia.
Meanwhile, U.S. authorities have begun to tighten the procedure for export of certain goods from the United States. Thus, the Ministry of Commerce of the United States banned the 165 foreign companies and individuals associated with the assets of those arrested on suspicion of spying immigrants from the former Soviet Union to export a range of technologies and subjects.
Adding to companies and individuals in the so-called black list of organizations is the need for these companies and individuals to obtain a license for the export of certain goods from the United States, said