- Pallas in the Sayano-Shushenskaya power reserve
Pallas in the Sayano-Shushenskaya power reserve
Unique shots of wild cat — Pallas's cat got scientists using camera traps in
Pallas is listed in the International and Russian Red Book. Scientists point out that in recent decades the number of Pallas' cat in Russia declined. The biggest impact this is having on hunting, the massive use of loops and snares to catch hares and foxes, the deterioration of food resources. According to the Red Book of Russia, within the Russian Pallas extended to the Altai, Tuva, Buryatia and the Trans-Baikal region. At the Sayano-Shushenskaya reserve his dwelling was controversial. They believed that the presence of Pallas in the Krasnoyarsk region and if possible, solely in the form of rare visits from neighboring territories.
"Thanks to the camera traps we were able to prove that Pallas — one of the rare species of animals listed in the Red Book of Russia, is a permanent resident of the Sayano-Shushenskaya reserve" — said the deputy director for scientific work Sayano-Shushenskaya Biosphere Reserve Sergey Istomov.
As explained Ozhigova received pictures from the reserve indicate that the species lives here permanently and is represented by several individuals. The number of individuals is not specified.
"The information that experts have Sayano-Shushenskaya reserve, may be important in carrying out activities in support of (this) rare animal species from the brink of extinction," — she added.
Another name Pallas — Pallas cat. He got it in honor of the German naturalist Peter Pallas, who discovered Pallas on the coast of the Caspian Sea in the eighteenth century. There is speculation that he is in relationship with Persian cats that look like him fluffy wool, rounded shapes and quite unusual for other breeds shape of the head. The tips of thick gray wool — white, why it seems that Pallas lightly snowing. He has a tighter physique than domestic counterparts. Pallas weight — about five pounds. A paws — a thick and short.
To study habits
Winter stage of field research staff at the Sayano-Shushenskaya Reserve is successful, environmentalists say. The data will be processed, analyzed and recorded in the report. Pictures will help scientists study the habits and lifestyle of rare species under conservation protection.
"To date, the database of the scientific department of the reserve there are thousands of pictures of animals taken with a camera trap. Established to conduct research program to study the snow leopard, digital cameras record any moving object caught in their field of vision. For almost five years, was filled with an electronic photo archive Picture bear, Siberian ibex, wolves, wolverines, foxes and other animals. Particularly significant are the pictures of some very rare animals (snow leopard, Pallas, snowcock) … ", — told Ozhigova.
State Biosphere Reserve "Sayano-Shushenskaya" is located in the heart of West Sayan and Altai-Sayan mountain country in Shushenskogo Ermakovskogo and districts of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. This unique natural complex was established March 17, 1976, in order to maintain the population of sable and study the impact of the Sayano-Shushenskaya reservoir on natural ecosystems. Natural complexes territory remained intact: the rivers, mountain lakes, alpine meadows and cedar taiga zone. A biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1985. The reserve area — 390.4 thousand hectares, protected zone — 1.062 million square kilometers.