Indian military journalist Ajay Shukla (Ajai Shukla), recognizable for his articles calling to cancel the tender and take MMRCA South American fighter F-35, May 12 published an article «Delays and calls for Indo-Russian fighter» (Delays, challenges for Indo-Russian fighter) where he writes about emerging delays on implementation applets creation fighter fifth generation FGFA, developed with Russia and India on the basis of PAKFA.
… Indian Defence Minister AK Anthony (AK Antony) said that FGFA «join» to the Air Force in 2017, but his deputy MM mon Palle Raju (MM Pallam Raju) told MPs that «the certification of the aircraft fifth generation planned for 2019, then begin mass production.» So Makar, the delay will be, very little, for two years. The two countries plan to invest in fighter for 6 billion U.S. dollars, the cost of the 1st aircraft to be approximately $ 100 million Total amount of development and production will be $ 25 billion
Predecessors FGFA layoutsPAKFAalready flying, but it is less than the demonstrators. Indian aircraft manufacturer HAL, which is a partner of Russian company «Sukhoi», should these «skeletons» reincarnate the plane meets the requirements of the Indian Air Force — be subtle (stealth), own supersonic cruising speed, to ensure implementation in network-centric operations (digital communications with other combat systems in real time) and have advanced radar, providing detection of enemy fighters at distances difficult for the enemy.
But «Dry» insists thatPAKFAalready meets the requirements of, says chief designer HAL NK Agarwal (NC Agarwal), who led the Indian delegation at the talks on FGFA to own retirement. HAL is afraid that our motherland can ask India to pay extra for the future development of the aircraft, namely, avionics, which turns the plane into a deadly weapon platform. If this happens, from preparatory programs from Indian budget of 6 billion dollars will only be a memoir.
Air India obviously want to have the most advanced fighter. The Indian side is represented by HAL chairman Ashok Nayak (Ashok Nayak, an interview with Business Standard) introduced RF 40-45 improvements PAKFA. These proposals were included in the tactical and technical requirements TTA (Tactical Technical Assignment). The main requirement of the Indian side is creating a promising radar AFAR providing target detection at 360 degrees (this is not the radar, which develops Our homeland). India will have to pay hundreds of millions, and perhaps billions of dollars, for the creation of such a radar.
Also unclear is the question of what to buy plane — as singlePAKFA, or a double as the Su-30MKI. Part of the Air Force supports the creation of single-seat fighter, the second called for the double version. According to the Preparatory step design PDP (Preliminary Design Phase, the photograph captures the moment of signing of the Agreement — «VP»). India paid 295 million dollars, but the creation of a double optionPAKFAinevitably exacerbate stealth characteristics and other characteristics of the FGFA. «Single FGFA is crucial for the Indian Air Force, we will transform our Russian PAKFA single variant with a little bit of a big Indian avionics. Creating a coupe version will depend on the results of the preparatory design, «says Nayak. PDP also requested that the «dry» HAL handed all project documentationPAKFA, because India, leading long-standing negotiations on accession to the project, it missed the step of designing the basic machine.
Preliminary design has been calculated for 18 months, this year it ends. Nayak says that will need another 7 years on R & D of FGFA. The aircraft will be developed in both countries, about 100 engineers HAL are already working on this topic in Bangalore. Same number of engineers will travel to Russia to work in OKB «Sukhoi». «Our children learn the Russian language, their work style and design. We are accustomed to the right-hand handlebar, they to left-hand. Russian they say that they would part with their habits, «says Nayak.
But the most valuable experience will be HAL role in the program of flight tests of FGFA. «We missed a basic step design, but need to catch up this» hole «during the flight tests. During the tests will appear 10’s problems, and we will participate in their elimination, including the method of configuration design, «says Nayak. Representatives HAL they say that without the help of Russia flight tests such as FGFA aircraft with a takeoff weight of 30 tons could reach 15 years, as in the case of applets LCA Tejas.
Constructors HAL will «enjoy a solution to certain problems,» such as achieving invisibility, construction of internal weapons bays, guided and unguided missiles. Russian obviously believe that HAL has a «useful features», including production by AFAR. Also very attractive to them are merits in the development of India’s composite materials. «LCA program Tejas.otdala us the highest level of knowledge in composite materials that can withstand the temperature of 120-130 degrees Celsius on the flight speed of 1.7 M», says Agarwal.
Despite the difficulties encountered by FGFA, HAL believes that this project will provide «genuine technological ‘more useful than only licensed establishment. «We will pay for the development of FGFA 6-7 billion U.S. dollars, Rafale will be executed under French license. Experience in the FGFA will give us a profound knowledge on designing the most advanced aircraft that posodeystvuyut us in the future, «said Agarwal.