Names of Liberty: Eustace Tyshkevich (18/04/1814 — 09/08/1873)

Each of us will respond without thinking, what a day own life considers the happiest? Count Eustace Tyshkevich knew the answer to this question. For him, such a day was designated discovery made them Vilna museum antiquity. Then, in 1856-m, a symbol of recognition awards in the history and archeology of the St. Petersburg Academy chose Litvinskiy aristocrat its honorary member.
You can imagine how Tyshkevich in one day left alone with his treasures — old manuscripts, portraits of representatives of Belarusian magnate families, Slutskaya belts indescribably secured collections of coins and stamps … He mentioned ancestral palace in Lahojak, starasvechchyny his collection, the first independent excavations, why not counting the funds needed and courage. Fact, that mysterious mounds, "end" in the districts of the usual number of inviolable and whoever dared to disturb their peace, the popular belief promised terrible punishment. "Should farmers pay handsomely — he wrote in the report — and he was digging with them to take a sin. People again and again threw the work in awe and prayed …"
These were the first steps of the Belarusian archeology.
In fact, the happiest day graph did not know quite soon his life’s work will be crossed out with one stroke of the pen Russian governor-general Misha Muraveva.
Russian history over the horizon podymali thunderclouds 1863. Ideas rebels were close, apparently, most museum employees and made it at Vilna Archaeological Commission. Do I need to wonder authorities headed by the royal satrap, who dubbed hangman, have seen in the museum "anti-Russian nest of intrigue." exposition was ordered to adapt "to demonstrate living testimony Endemic local edge of Russian life." Apparently, in order to find the evidence, a significant part of the exhibits sent Moscow. Muravevskim order to close and Archaeological Commission. Apart Tyshkevicha just fallen and hit with On the other handPoles accused him of "Litvinsky patryyatyzme" and "separatyzme" …
Count must leave Vilnius. News of his return from Moscow 2-hundred "repressed" exhibits brought feeble sutsehu. More valuable taken from Belarus forever. And at this point in the Municipal Museum of History of the Russian capital is exposed, for example, a unique Orsha mail with Slavic inscriptions from the collection Tyshkevicha. Later part of his duties was at the State Museum in Warsaw, and some — thanks to the efforts of Ivan Lutskevich — Belarus in Vilnius. After the second World War I brand new power our treasures scattered on Lithuanian expositions and scientific staff of the Belarusian museum fell into the hands of the MGB.
On the slope of days Eustace Tyshkevich — member of the English Archaeological Institute, Stockholm tsarist academy Danish royal Society of antiquity — felt -forgotten and torn from his beloved business. Remained in manuscript "Materials to our history," a large volume of historical documents, "Zelnick Borisov circles" …
Knight Science buried at the cemetery of famous Vilnius Dew near Vladislav Syrokomlya.
If you get into Logoysk, try to find out from local residents that they understand about the graph Yavstaha Tyshkevicha. Maybe the results of your survey to be more optimistic than me.

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