The Russian government has approved the state program "Energy Efficiency and Energy Development of the Russian Federation," 2020. On the relation of government to the energy future can be indirectly measured by the level of funding of different energy sources from the federal budget.
For the realization of the program of the federal budget allocated 105 billion rubles for eight years. Costs look like this: renewable energy sources (RES) — 1.8 billion rubles coal energy — 38 billion rubles, energy saving — 54 billion rubles.
Funding for the nuclear and oil and gas industries in the state program adopted is not included, but these sectors receive federal funds from other sources. For example, in 2010 alone, the oil and gas industry (production and transportation) has received in the form of tax exemptions and other preferences about 14 billion dollars (about 420 billion rubles). And in the future in the framework of this program of oil and gas development of the continental shelf until 2030, the government is going to allocate the federal budget on oil and gas up to 1,300 billion rubles.
Nuclear power generation is about 100 billion rubles annually from the federal budget as a minimum of three existing federal programs, and this situation will continue until about 2015.
We have before us the priorities of the Russian energy sector: in the first place oil and gas industry, the second — nuclear generation, the third — energy efficiency and the coal industry, and renewable energy — at last.
"Different sectors of energy is important not just to get subsidies from the budget and get the opportunity to develop — on a" need to give is not a fish and a fishing rod. " Almost all of the new state program routines contain the same "bait" — measures of government incentives in the form of economic preferences. "Says the head of the energy program Greenpeace Russia Vladimir Chuprov.
As a result, the government tasked with increasing the share of renewable energy in total electricity production from the current 0.8% to 4.5% in 2020 (from 8.3 billion kilowatt-hours to 20 billion kilowatt-hours per year). According to calculations by Greenpeace, to increase the production of renewable electricity by 2020 would be 150 billion kilowatt-hours at the beginning of active operations in 2007. This index may be primarily due to the utilization of organic waste from agriculture and forestry, as well as the development of wind and tidal energy. The potential of renewable energy in Russia is huge, which is, by the way, say the authors of the program adopted.