Valgus feet (hallux valgus) — a disease in which the curved metatarsophalangeal joint-phalanx of the thumb and the other fingers are deformed. The disease is characterized by the inability to wear normal shoes from — for the resulting "bumps" at the base of the big toe and is accompanied by aching pain.
The symptoms of hallux valgus:
deviation of the big toe outward, the gradual increase of the "bones";
Hammer deformation of the remaining toes;
- arthralgia stop;
- fatigue feet;
- with the selection of shoes.
Methods of diagnosis:
examination by a podiatrist;
Radiography stop in 3 projections;
- plantography — footprints to identify flat feet.
Diseases with similar symptoms: arthritis, gout, osteoarthritis deformans.
Valgus feet develops gradually. First, the patient complains of what has become uncomfortable to wear shoes usual size, hard to find shoes, then there are pains in the feet by the end of the day, the first curved finger the foot. Bone in the foot with increasing transverse flatfoot significantly distort the forefoot. Its sole flattened and bulging in the center, in this place are formed painful Namin and corn dramatically impede walking, the second finger rises up and often takes the form of a hammer (hammer toe) — it is bent, not unbent, it formed callus. In general, the deformation affects the blood supply and innervation of the forefoot, which contributes to the development of arthritis.
- if untreated, the joints of the foot permanently deformed — there is a chronic bursitis;
- restructuring of the metatarsal bones — Deychlendera disease.
Weather. With little deformation and timely treatment of the appearance and function of the joints stop can be restored. In severe cases, the pain may persist even after the operation.
Causes and Prevention
The cause of hallux valgus feet — flat cross, genetics, endocrine disorders, osteoporosis. The disease is a congenital weakness of the connective and bone tissue, leading to the development of flat feet. Contributes to the development of strains incorrectly matched shoes. This is especially true of high heels and shoes with a narrow toe. This shoes leads to an uneven load distribution, which is more drops on the forefoot, whereby there strain this zone and develops joint arthrosis of the thumb.
orthopedic examination for early detection of flat feet;
- rational wearing shoes (no pins, no sharp noses, made of natural materials, heel no higher than 7 cm);
- wearing orthopedic insoles;
- if the profession is associated with prolonged stay on his feet, to a regime of work and rest.
Treatment of hallux valgus feet has been podiatrist. Consult your doctor at the first sign to the disease, since correction of the deformity in the early stages can save you from operations:
- selection of orthotic insoles
- purpose of the complex physical therapy, prevents the development of flat feet.
In advanced forms of the disease requiring surgery. Osteotomy — a complex bone reconstruction, including the intervention of several bones of the foot, designed to change the axis of the metatarsal bone and the first phalanx of the thumb.
Walk, completely relying on the metatarsus, you can, starting with the third week after the operation. In most cases the treatment is completed on the 6th week after the operation the patient returns to a normal lifestyle. Recovery period of 2-3 months.