Vegetarianism: what, who and why

Vegetarianism or how no one eat

Vegetarianism — a system of power in which are completely excluded from the diet of animal products or a list of them is significantly reduced. "I did not eat" — it sounds so vegetarians unofficial slogan — supporters of the lifestyle in which exclude from the diet products obtained by slaughtering cattle, fish, poultry, or all animal products at all.

In Russia vegetarianism strongly addicted followers of Tolstoy (along with the ideas of non-resistance to evil), practiced a number of religious sects (such as the Doukhobors and beloriztsy). To date, vegetarianism — the attribute of those who practices yoga, and the followers of a number of environmental movements. However, in the west of vegetarianism is increasingly gaining momentum as the common practice of wellness, devoid of ideological burden. But even in this form vegetarianism causes a lot of issues and disputes.

However, some people are vegetarians generally contraindicated. For example, a growing child's body, the elderly, in certain chronic diseases, etc. So before you become a follower of the power system is best to consult with a dietician. Anyone who refuses to animal food, guided mainly humane treatment of animals and the principles of healthy eating.

The classic vegetarianism is divided into:

  • Veganism — A complete rejection of animal products;
  • laktovegetarianstvo — Allowed to eat dairy products;
  • laktoovovegetarianstvo — Other than milk can eat eggs.

Consider these three branches in terms of nutrition.

  • Thus, the "measure seven times" should be the one who decided, following the example of Leo Tolstoy, to become vegan. Conventional medicine is not for veganism is not just arguments, but even an excuse. After all, have received less animal proteins and fats, the body is deprived of a source of vitamin B12, riboflavin and calcium.
  • Laktovegetarianstvo more physiologic. Milk, besides a large number of vitamins and minerals, contains essential amino acids (especially important for human amino acids — methionine and lysine) and a powerful set of immunostimulants (substances that activate the body's defenses). Yet experts in clinical nutrition recommend alternate laktovegetarianskuyu diet with an ordinary mixed diet.
  • Most harmonious doctors recognize laktoovovegetarianstvo. "Eggs birds — especially good quail — are able to make up for all the missing table in vegetable vitamins (E, B2, B6, B12, biotin and folic acid), minerals (iodine, iron, manganese, phosphorus) and organic acids. If the diversity of "antimyasnyh" power systems laktoovovegetarianstvo you decide to choose, eat soft-boiled eggs or raw eggs home in which a lot of vitamin A and lecithin, an essential for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis " — Explains in his book "All about dieting," nutritionist Michael Gurvich.

With meat or without him?

Decide whether the refusal of meat? Vegetarians argue that the mass consumption of meat did not begin earlier than a century ago, when the first refrigerator. Then there were other "progressive" technology. For example, the production methods used to kill animals in factories. Thousands of people have become vegetarians from one of protest against this phenomenon, leading to prove the following statement: eating such meat, we "accumulate" a near-death horror unfortunate animal. If this argument has no scientific basis, the other fact is indisputable: to increase meat production, overfed animals, inflated growth hormones and appetite stimulants, antibiotics and sedatives. As a result, people with the meat consumed chemicals that accumulate in the body, can cause a variety of diseases.

Let us remember about the chemical composition of meat. Fat meat — are predominantly saturated fatty acids, nutritionally inferior unsaturated. Saturated fatty acids have a negative influence on lipid metabolism in the body (which leads to excess weight), the function and condition of the liver (accumulation in the liver, fat oxidise and liver cells inflamed), and enhance the development of atherosclerosis.

Unsaturated fatty acids (they are rich in vegetable oils, fish and seafood), on the contrary, strengthens blood vessels, have a positive effect on metabolic processes in the skin and mucous membranes. In short, fat meat have less nutritional value and more difficult to digest. This applies particularly lamb and pork, as well as goose and duck meat, fats which are refractory. More Diet varieties — chicken, turkey, rabbit.

WHO statistics show that in countries where meat consumption is highest, has the highest incidence rate of cancer and disease cardiovascular system. By contrast, in countries with traditionally vegetarian table level of these diseases is relatively low.

Think for yourself, decide for yourself

There is a whole list of diseases in which the domestic doctors recommend a diet with vegetarian orientation: hypertension, atherosclerosis, heart and vascular disease, acute and chronic kidney disease, gout, urate diathesis, overweight, obesity, impaired motor function of the intestine. However, without a doctor's recommendation to switch to vegetarian food can not.

At that vegetarianism can not be considered a universal power supply system. Passion for their good is not for everyone, but for some and downright dangerous. Older people who are prone to anemia, have fragile bones and shattered nerves, vegetarianism is contraindicated. Not recommended to completely exclude meat dishes from the daily diet of children and adolescents. Animal protein — the main and unique building material for growing bodies. But this, of course, does not apply to sausages and smoked products. They contain less protein than natural meat dishes, but include significant amounts of animal fat.

In vegetarian diet you will miss vitamins and trace elements (iron, calcium, zinc), as their main sources are just meat. Each vegetarian necessary as air vitamins.

Go to the green!

In no case do not start a vegetarian diet dramatically. If your decision to give up meat firmly, let your digestive system gets used to the new order. In the first 15 days, replace two or three meat dishes from a week diet soy, peas, beans, lentils. In the next 15 days, increase the number of days without meat and gradually go to entirely plant-based proteins. But make sure that the calorie daily diet does not decrease too much. By the way, "the transition to the green" — an excellent opportunity to acquire a correct eating habits, for example, to split meals.

If the principle of "no one is" not critical to you, it is better to listen more practical advice: good menu, where fruits are combined with cheese and wine, and vegetables with veal bacon — the best invention of mankind.

Catherine Mohnatskaya

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