Aneurysm — is bulging artery wall (at least — a vein) or the heart due to its thinning or stretching. The result is called the aneurysmal sac, which may be located close to compress tissue. An aneurysm can be congenital. And, when a child into the world this flaw unnoticeable, and the baby is developing quite normally. Also lead to aneurysm disease thinner blood vessels: hypertension, atherosclerosis, syphilis (late stage). The risk of developing this insidious disease is increased by trauma or injury of a blood vessel in the formation of infected blood clots. He can live for years, engaged in daily activities and do not experience any symptoms. Meanwhile, the aneurysm will grow quietly, threatening to burst at any moment. Is not it a time bomb?
Most aneurysms detected by chance, ultrasound or X-ray study. With its identification required urgent treatment, as aneurysm rupture leading to hemorrhage, which is often fraught with death. At the time of rupture of the aneurysm person feels pain and his blood pressure begins to fall rapidly
Despite the obvious danger of the disease, many governments still do not pay enough attention to this problem. In the United States dies from an aneurysm almost as many people as AIDS (24,000 people). In this case, the fight against these diseases is allocated $ 500 thousand, respectively, and $ 1.4 billion. Sudden rupture of the aneurysm took the life of such prominent people like Albert Einstein, Charles de Gaulle, actor and musician Andrei Mironov Zhenya Belousov.
It is believed that the acquired aneurysm is more common in patients older than 50 years. The young she usually develops as a result of injuries sustained in car accidents or extreme sports.
There are several varieties of the aneurysm.
Cerebral artery aneurysm — the most common form of the disease. It is characterized by a local expansion of the arteries of the brain. In the case of hemorrhage at rupture of the aneurysm there was a huge pain, the person loses consciousness. In half of the patients die, many of those who survived are disabled. However, only 25 percent of patients with an aneurysm before the fatal moment of experiencing headache pain, similar to migraine. Often it disease misdiagnosed as a brain tumor.
Aortic aneurysm No less dangerous disease. It may occur in different parts of the blood vessel. This diagnosis is 50 thousand man a year, and the results of research, aortic aneurysm is found in 7 percent of deaths were caused by other reasons. In the later stages of the disease, patients complain of oppressive pain in a particular part of the body. Distinguish aneurysm of the thoracic aortic, aneurysm of the aortic arch, feature of which is that it can be developed within 20 years after the injury. There is also abdominal aortic aneurysm, which is often asymptomatic. However, very thin patients, putting his hand to his stomach, and can feel the pulse of pain. If the aneurysm having passed the roots of the spinal cord, the pain becomes unbearable.
At peripheral vascular aneurysm (The blood vessels of the extremities), patients may experience severe pain in the feet and hands.
Cardiac aneurysm characterized by sac-like protrusion of the heart wall. Acquired cardiac aneurysm occurs on the spot myocardial infarction and is found in
Upon detection of any form of aneurysms require surgery. The operation consists in excising the damaged portion of the vessel and replacing it with plastic prosthetic blood vessel or a portion of the other body part.