Autism

What is Autism?  A still from the film

The name of the disease comes from the Latin word autos — «itself» (autism — a dive). Baby, autism, lives in his own world, he is poorly understood and accept the events happening around him. Avoids contact with autistic people, including parents, can not respond to the speech addressed to him, which often leads one to suspect these children have hearing impairment. Despite the many "strange" autistic baby can be highly intelligent and even brilliant ability to exercisesome area. From it can grow a great musician, artist, scientist, etc. At the same time, this same child may not have the simplest of domestic and social skills.

The concept of "autism" was first introduced E. Bleier in 1920 as a symptom of severe violations of interaction with the reality of adult patients with schizophrenia. Early Childhood autism was described by Leo Kanner (1943, Kanner's syndrome), followed by Hans Asperger (1949). Then one of the definitions of autism sounded like "disunity person with the outside world." This disease affects not only the mental functions (speech, intellect, mind), but also affects the perception of the child coherent picture of the world. Key problem Autism is a lack of understanding, non-perception of human events happening around.

The biggest problems accrue to the parents after they realize that their child is not like the others. They worry about the feelings of guilt and frustration, they are in a state of chronic stress. The main thing in this situation — do not give up, and as early as possible, consult a child psychiatrist. Currently, there are many techniques that allow the child to adapt to a normal life. Parents need to properly understand what is going on with your child, if possible to establish an emotional connection with it, learn to make a difference, changing it for the better. This can help them communicate with other families who are faced with the same problem.

Autism does not occur very often. According to statistics, in the UK is diagnosed in about 60 cases per 10,000 children (data from 2001) in the U.S. — 55-57 cases per 10000 (2006 year) in Canada — to 102 cases per 10,000 children (2006). Most susceptible autistic boys, and the symptoms are already evident before the age of2-25 years.

It is proved that the majority of cases of autism is caused by heredity, but the exact mechanisms of inheritance so far unknown. The only thing that can be stated quite clearly — is that autism itself is not inherited, and the preconditions for its development. They will be implemented or not — depends on external circumstances, which probably are not the cause but the conditions of the development Autism.

The appearance of signs of autism before the age of2-25 years is often preceded by:

  • various pathologies of pregnancy
  • birth trauma, asphyxia intime birth
  • factors acting after birth.

Recent scientific studies have confirmed the popular theory that autism promotes the use of vaccines prepared with the use of mercury-containing preservative thimerosal, and vaccines, "three in one" against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR).

Perhaps a better understanding of the disease will help to recent studies. They showed that in autism brain grows mainly in the first two years of life, and then changes the sizes almost not observed. In youth, the processes are the same as for normal individuals. As a result, in adult patients with autism, cranial circumference than in healthy people. And increasing the intensity of brain growth coincides with the appearance of symptoms of autism, indicating a direct relationship between these processes.

Currently, autism is given special attention. This is due to the fact that every year the number of cases of autism has been steadily growing (especially in Western countries). However, it is unclear whether this is duesome external factors, or is due to the expansion of the limits the term "autistic".

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