Cystitis— Is-infectious inflammation of the bladder wall, flowing mainly in the intestinal mucosa.
Women often suffer from cystitis, which is associated with the anatomy of external genital and urinary system. Girls suffer from cystitis three times more often than boys, about 20-25% of women during their lifetime suffer cystitis in one form or another, and 10% almost always note and signs of cystitis (chronic cystitis).
Why did this happen
The main causes of bacterial (most common), cystitis is a close location external urethral opening to the anus, the source of microorganisms that most commonly cause inflammation of the bladder (E. coli). And the short length of the urethra (the urethra), which contributes to the rapid penetration of infection bladder.
Moreover, some anomalies in the development of the external genitalia women may contribute to the disease. For example, vaginal ectopic meatus (the location of the external opening of the urethra into the vagina), or urethral hypermobility when during intercourse Outside opening of the urethra is displaced into the vagina where it is infected vaginal flora.
The agents of cystitis may be chlamydia, ureoplazmy, mycoplasma. Failure to observe the rules of personal hygiene, sex hygiene, the use of hormones and spermicides, prolonged use of antibiotics, decreased immune defense may also lead to the emergence of cystitis.
Usually cystitis there is acute hypothermia or after sexual intercourse. There are frequent urination, urinary urgency, sometimes these can occur every 15-20 minutes, and the amount of urine is scanty enough, up to a few drops. Needless urination becomes painful, the patient noted stinging or burning, especially at the end of urination, blood in the latest release of urine, pain in the area concerned bladder and perineum. Urine may be turbid. The body temperature is usually normal.
In order to make a diagnosis, you need to at least pass a urine test. To identify the causative agent of cystitis need to perform urine culture to the study of sensitivity obtained pathogens to antibiotics.
In addition, the diagnosis of cystitis are used: inspection in the gynecological chair in order to identify developmental abnormalities and other factors leading to the outbreak of cystitis, renal ultrasound and bladder, Cystoscopy with biopsy of the bladder as possible.
Treatment of cystitis should be complex, aimed at addressing the
- causes of the disease
- causative agent of cystitis
- correction hygiene and sexual factors
- restoration of immune defenses.
It is conducted under the supervision of a doctor who will prescribe the necessary drugs and procedures, based on the survey results.