Since ancient times, mankind has tried to find ways to mute the pain during childbirth. This painful process lasted for centuries. And there are interesting views of different people.
For example, in Russia pains were considered evil, and were perceived as spoilage by sending other people, or as a punishment coming from supernatural forces. This is where it was scope for violent fantasies of various wizards and sorcerers. In Ethiopia, and to this day the special woman in labor entwine colorful cloth to ward off evil spirits from her.
Ether anesthesia was first used for labor pain relief in 1847 Edinburg Professor Simpson. Six months later, he perfected his method of anesthesia, using the inhalation of ether instead of chloroform. Interestingly, this is a significant event happened in Edinburgh, Scotland — the city in which 250 years before it was condemned by the church and burned at the stake lady Evfaniya
In 1853, Queen Victoria herself gave birth under chloroform anesthesia. Since birth under anesthesia became very popular.
However, during the following decade, it became clear that the chloroform anesthesia often causes choking in children. Prolonged anesthesia for pain control was used in childbirth and the future president of the United States
Medication for pain
Already in the Middle Ages used in childbirth decoction of poppy heads or alcohol. However, the use of these drinks brought little relief, accompanied with serious adverse events, especially drowsiness and loss of self-control. Therefore, eventually rejected by these methods.
In the first half of the twentieth century, the pharmaceutical industry produced medicines that have contributed to the suppression of physical pain. Most of them have been tested and to reduce the pain of childbirth. Most often they are used in the form of suppositories or injections. Some did reduce labor pains, often, however, putting on the woman giving birth to a child, or adverse effects. In pregnant women the drugs often cause drowsiness, causing them to lose the ability to actively cooperate with the doctor and a nurse (this effect is undesirable, especially in the second phase of labor — in vain attempts, when a woman in labor should be actively involved in the birth of the child). Often in connection with the birth unnecessarily delayed.
Another undesirable feature of these drugs was that they were working on a newborn, sometimes causing his breathing disorders. Some drugs have since been refined and is now used to control the pain associated with childbirth.
The most modern methods of reducing the birth pains are psychological methods. Because these methods have certain advantages over others, and some are used in clinics and maternity, analyze them more closely.
The phenomenon of painless childbirth
Most women believe that birth should be accompanied by pain. This notion of "in the throes of childbirth" comes primarily from two sources.
But in the second half of the last century, some doctors have noticed that there are those births that take place easily, without pain, and sometimes without pain.
Interesting observations belong to travelers visiting areas of North America, in the second half of the nineteenth century, inhabited by Native American tribes. They established the fact of easy pregnancy and painless childbirth at tuzemok. They do not just have to see how woman in labor, stopping a galloping horse, and went to the side, the snow spread a cloak and quietly gave birth to a child. Then, wrapped in rags and baby without feeling the slightest symptoms of postpartum depression, a woman sat on the horse again and catch up with their fellow tribesmen, who often do not even notice that she had a birth.
Later scholars have explained this phenomenon is the fact that under the harsh living conditions and the need to survive in the harsh environment women do not allow themselves to show ancestral fears and complexes, which provides easy nature of pregnancy and mostly painless childbirth. From a psychological point of view, this is due to the presence of a strong mind-body training aimed at skills at the right time to mobilize their will.
This is supported by observations
Psychoprophylactic method of preparation for childbirth described by doctors who observed birth peruanok. It is about creating new mothers powerful
By the first half of this century in medical circles established two basic approaches to this problem. The first one consisted in the belief that there are particularly easy childbirth in women who are used to physical activity, and the second claimed painless flow of labor in those with great joy is waiting for a child.
How did the modern psychological methods of suppression of pain?
In 1933, the London physician Dick Reed discovered a method of reducing the sensation of pain with uterine contractions. By this he pushed the case from my own practice, when one of the women giving birth to the proposal to use a gas mask said: "I do not feel any pain during childbirth unless she is? '. That Dr. Reed first came to the conclusion that the main cause of pain sensation is the anxiety and fear of childbirth as a fear of the unknown. He believed that fear causes convulsive muscle tension, including uterine. Reed believed that this compressed vessels passing through the muscles of the uterus, and therefore is a violation of their admission to the blood and oxygen. It is a violation of maternity causes pain.
n 1949, associate professor of the Kharkov clinic Velvovsky found that the occurrence of pain leading role of the cerebral cortex. Velvovskogo essence of the method is to create an impact through verbal from the mother the right relationship between the cerebral cortex and subcortical structures of the brain, reduce agitation in the subcortical centers. Velvovskogo method with some additions is widely used in the West.
In 1953, the Parisian obstetrician
On this Site detstvo.ru