Theme deck aircraft 5th generation was rising a couple of times. In the late 1980s in the United States intensively promoted program from the first «invisible deck» A-12. Strike aircraft intended to substitute the A-6, having already honorable age. But because the brain scourge of all U.S. programs — significant excess cash limits, «Avenger II» was buried before the first flight demonstration model. Another dream admirals — NATF — realized the same fate. In turn NATF was intended to substitute F-14 «Tomket.» So Makar, 1992 fleet met without any hope of getting any lately «stealth». Profound modernization of fighter-attack aircraft F/A-18C/D — F/A-18E/F became in this situation, a small consolation prize. Easy veil stealth aircraft performance properties actually exacerbated and increased take-off weight was compensated with high thrust engines, which greatly expanded the ability of a fighter.
As from the Air Force lacked enthusiasm for «big car», at this time they fought for the F-22 and were able to save it, though, with significant losses (instead of 750 187 was obtained), fleet financing kick failed. In the Air Force AX (experimental drummer, who, after closing NATF renamed FX — experimental fighter) was considered as a valid substitute for the F-111, F-117 and F-15E. Despite this, in 1993, at an early stage, Air Force and Navy agreed on the requirements for flying and technical features, although the ability of future naval operations in the machine «air» were even more significant than for the Air Force, which in this area are dominated by «Raptor». Topic covered entirely in 1993. At this time, activated work on «one strike fighter.»
1990 passed in efforts to JAST / JSF — the future «light» F-35 fighter.
In the summer of 2008, after enough long break in San Diego at an airshow demonstration within the future strategy of the U.S. Navy, were shown four other concepts programmke F / A-XX. They were all soda inconspicuous subsonic aircraft with a range of actions 3.3 — 5.6 thousand km. With all of this was planned that unmanned variants in the air will hold up to 50 hours.
In the summer of 2009, Boeing Phantom Works Department was shown a new reflection F / A-XX. Presented machine refers to the 6th generation supersonic fighter designed to change the F/A-18E/F approximately 10-15 years (as is clear F/A-18C/D will be replaced by the F-35). In a brand new multirole fighter will be implemented some new technologies such as variable cycle engines, the increased fraction of composites design, visual stealth, advanced electronics, etc. The appearance of the aircraft is significantly different from the concept presented in «Aviation Week and of cosmic art» a year earlier. There is a return to more traditional forms and away from a «flying wing». Pronounced influx wing and ventral vozduhopoglotiteli suggest higher maneuverability of the aircraft. With all of this rejection of the vertical and horizontal tail and narrow, screened bottom nozzle must bring effective dissipation area to the level of the F-117 — not more than 0.2 m2. Normal take-off weight — 18 thousand pounds.
At Expo 2010 in May 2010 was shown a model of the aircraft at a scale of 1:16. During this period, any apparent configurations she endured. The model has three compartments payload two of which are designed for missile air-to-air, one for placing instrument of class «air-land».
Along with this project on a poster showed more large aircraft reportedly included in the class not lower than the F-22 (normal takeoff weight of 27 thousand kg). On the background of the premature termination of serial production «Raptor» and problems with the F-35 fighter creation seems fantastic, but a company spokesman said Boeing intrigued by the Air Force and the Navy United States in this project. After the Navy will begin full-scale substitution F/A-18C/D, and the Air Force A-10 and F-16 to F-35, there will be a need for future substitution of F-22 and F/A-18E/F after 2025 of
Pattern analysis allows us to estimate the highest takeoff weight «heaviest version» Machine 40 — 42 tonnes for deck version of the machine that looks a bit weird, because the F-111B once stung on the bar 34 so But, despite this, at a theoretical level, may be similar to operate the aircraft weight on the deck. Tested not so long ago electric catapult enables to raise the aircraft weighing up to 45 tons, the same will be able to overpower and samoletopodemnik. For such machines will be more desirable engine F135. Engine with greater thrust and bypass ratio can not fit here. But from the F119 «Raptor» looks «like a native.» The machine is equipped with a «looking down» active phased array antenna can be a refreshed version of the station with the F-22, 2-bay load (length 7.5 m) and bolshennymi internal volumes that allow you to position tanks for 10-12 tons of fuel. Range without mounted tanks will be about 3.3 thousand km.
By 2010 programmke given the new title — Next Geneation Air Dominance (NGAD) — «air dominator next generation.» This allows you to expand and make the theme for this machine special weapons. As in the F / A-XX, optionally proposed to develop a manned aircraft that is able to operate in an unmanned mode. Not excluded the possibility of creating a special machine.
The new project will allow Boeing to settle accounts with the concern of Lockheed Martin, who won with his F-35konkurs JSF.
It was planned that the work on samples coming fighter will begin in late 2011, that will allow to build a demo model already in 2013-2014. Boeing plans to build a manned and unmanned demonstrator.
Boeing representatives believe that the main focus must be on the order of the Navy. The company understands that customers need substitution «Super Hornet» having a higher thrust engines at supersonic speed, low visibility, built into the design of sensors and higher maneuverability, in other words «deck Raptor».
Shown in the 2009 version of the fighter «light» (18 thousand kg) was continued in 2010. Now, perhaps mindful of the failure of the «flying wing» X-32, Boeing Company showed the plane normal aerodynamic scheme, but perhaps with reduced maneuverability (vozduhopoglotiteli were moved to a higher part of the fuselage in the area of wind shadow) and such a subtle, achieved by eliminating the vertical tail and smooth belly. And if you focus on the «stealth» realize you can still — «as it is stylish,» that deprivation «air dominator» maneuverability in combat — a very controversial decision.