Presidential elections did not meet international standards
In the U.S. State Department report notes that the presidential elections on March 19 as a result of which Alexander Lukashenko was declared the next president of the third period did not meet international standards for democratic elections. Authorities continue to ignore the advice of large international organizations on improving the electoral process and to improve the human rights situation. Civilian authorities generally maintained control actions of the security forces, but representatives of the forces not once violated human rights.
Track list of authorities in the field of human rights remained very naughty, and in some qualities even worsened because authorities often continue committing severe violations» Sur. In March, authorities denied citizens the right to a democratic change of government spending rigged presidential election. During the election campaign, and a few months after the election, opposition activists and the civilian society, including 4 local observers and former presidential candidate, was beaten, harassed, fined and imprisoned.
Torture during detention
A separate chapter in the report concerns the State Department of Torture and Inhuman appeal during arrests and detention. It is noted that quite often knocks riot at detention participants and organizers of the demonstrations. Citing reliable sources said that during the demonstrations that took place after March 19, soldiers and riot squad Diamond beat demonstrators, and also threatened them with rape and murder …
In the document there are references to the story of Yuri Chausova, being beaten and strangled his scarf in a police bus, Viktor Kornienko, beaten by unknown on March 23, the case is referred to Andrew Kuzmenkov whose beatings were damaged kidneys.
Acceleration opposition marches and mass arrests
Increased attention to aggressive acceleration processions, organized March 25, Alexander Kozulin. Noted that he was very beaten Kozulin colonel Dmitry Pavlichenko, more 2-beaten demonstrators lay on the ground and 10’s were covered in blood.
In the section "The arrests and detention," notes that the law enforcement authorities should be allowed to detain a person not later than 3 hours after the arrest. 10 days person may be held in custody without being formally charged and 18 months after presentation.
Police often uses short-term detention Tipo for identification. The report cites the human rights center "Viasna", according to which during the presidential campaign in the country was arrested and detained for political reasons, about 100 people, 685 arrests came during the events of March 19 — 25. Many of the detainees, including two offspring Milinkevich, carrying food and warm odezhku participants tent city on October Square in Minsk. March 24 during the dispersal of the city were detained 250 people. Most of the detainees were sentenced to administrative arrest for 10 — 15 days, court proceedings in these cases did not last longer 10 minutes.
Held hearings with a foregone conclusion
Authorities were unable to provide an explanation in the past disappearances of opposition politicians and journalists. Conditions in jail were very bad, not once reported izymatelstva of prisoners and detainees. Commonplace were arbitrary arrests, detention and imprisonment of people for political reasons — for criticizing the authorities or role in the demonstrations. Court hearings, the outcome of which was usually predetermined, often held behind closed doors, without the ability to role-independent arbitrators or-independent observers.
Privacy is not respected in practice
The report notes that although privacy guaranteed by the Constitution, it is not made in practice. Recall instances of interference with privacy, even foreign diplomats — mentions the case of penetration into the apartment of the Latvian diplomat, shooting hidden camera in his apartment appeared on municipal television, as an attempt to conduct an examination of the car Polish diplomat. Are numerous cases of searches for personal apartments, offices and editions, which were accompanied by confiscation of documents and office equipment.
State Department experts emphasize that although the law on eavesdropping apartments and phones need warrants, according to the prosecutor’s office due to this restriction virtually no effect.
The creators of the report refers to the testimony of political activists, according to which their lives are constantly monitored by law enforcement agencies. Is an example of how to process Misha Marinich in 2004 the prosecutor referred to personal phone records of discussions Marinich made KGB.
Beltelekom municipal company a monopoly in the provision of the web, which makes it possible to track down all electrical post. There is evidence that in fact monitored electrical messages that are sent from the Web cafe with college networks. As an invasion of privacy experts consider the U.S. State Department and the formation of so-called "national teams" that are used to fight crime. It is noted that these formations there are 43 thousand people.
Lasted limit civilian freedoms
The authorities continued to restrict freedom of civilians, including freedom of the press, speech, assembly, association, and religion. Authorities seized constantly published materials from civilian society and are independent newspapers closed or restricted their distribution. On the few remaining are independent publications often fined, usually for libel or for failing hard registration procedures. Municipal security officials used unreasonably often brute force to disperse peaceful protesters. Non-governmental organizations (NGO) and political parties intimidated, fines, harassment and locked.
Religious favorites fined or imprisoned for performing religious services and ceremonies, and the church was closed, denied registration or expelled from the buildings they occupy. Human trafficking remains a serious problem» Sur, although in combating it has been some progress. Was the official discrimination against Roma, ethnic minorities and sexy, as the Belarusian language. Authorities harassed are independent trade unions and their members, aggressively limiting the ability of workers to form trade unions are independent or join them and engage in collective bargaining with employers.
Increased discrimination Belarusian language
Russian and Belarusian languages have uniform legal status, but in practice the government increasingly used the Russian language. Belarusian language enjoys a number of petty municipal functionaries and official publications. As of 1 September, the Ministry of Education ordered that all teaching in the 10th and 11th grades of Russian schools was conducted in Russian.
Earlier in the Russian and Belarusian-speaking schools to teach the history and geography of Belarus, as the Belarusian language and literature in Belarusian language. With a protest against this decision were white SocietyRussian language. Later, the Ministry allowed separate schools themselves to decide on language teaching. But both Russian and Belarusian-language schools received new textbooks on history and geography of Belarus for the 10th and 11th grades in Russian.
November 29 Victoria Dashkevich, managing puppetry from Vitebsk, said neanatsystskaya organization Russian National Unity (RNE) sent her a letter demanding complete staging productions of Belarusian and translate the entire repertoire of the Russian language because Belarus will soon become part of Russia. Dashkevich sent in connection with a complaint letter to the police, but the authorities refused to initiate criminal proceedings.
Skinheads ultranationalist group consisting of ethnic Russian, hounded people who contribute to the development of the Belarusian national culture, and harmed their property. April 3 unknown persons pasted leaflets and logos ultra-Russian National Bolshevik Party at the entrance to the estate of the Belarusian Language Society named Skarina. In June Managing Vitebsk Branch UCP received a letter from the RNE danger of personal penalty, if it does not end his opposition activities. August 16 activists of the opposition found the BPF at the entrance to the mansion party mock explosive device with RNE symbol resembling a swastika, and with a bundle of leaflets RNE. RNE said she did not enclose the layout of the device. Also in August, is independent newspaper "Vitebsk Courier" received a letter from favorites RNE danger achieve closure of the newspaper.
International Society Concerned
The report referred to the State Department estimates, the data policy of Belarus in the field of international human rights and the European public.
In December 2006, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution in which the latter expressed concern about the human rights situation in Belarus, the resolution called on the Belarusian government to hold free and fair elections and to end politically motivated persecution of political opponents. In April 2005 the UN Commission on Human Rights adopted a resolution in which it was stated a bad state of human rights in Belarus, called on the Belarusian government to impartially investigate disappearances Zavadsky Zakharenko, Viktor Gonchar and Anatoly Krasovsky (similar resolutions were adopted earlier — in 2003 and 2004). Report of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe urged to remove from office officials suspected of involvement in the disappearances. The UN Commission on Human Rights has also made a special rapporteur on the human rights situation in Belarus.
Presidential elections did not meet international standards