A blood test for TORCH-complex is usually included in the comprehensive examination during pregnancy and reveals the four diseases that cause infection of the fetus in utero: toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus and herpes.
How stands TORCH-complex?
T (O) — toxoplasmosis (toxoplasmosis)
R — German measles (rubella)
S — cytomegalovirus infection (cytomegalovirus)
H — herpes (herpes simplex virus).
The more dangerous infections TORCH-complex?
Risk of infections TORCH-complex is that in primary infection during pregnancy may cause intrauterine infection of the fetus with the defeat of systems and organs, increasing the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, birth defects and malformations.
When you need to take a blood test for TORCH-complex?
Undergo laboratory testing for TORCH-infections need 2-3 months before the planned pregnancy.
What if pregnancy has already occurred, and a blood test for TORCH-complex has not yet made?
Need to take a blood test at the earliest stages of pregnancy — regardless of the state of health, as most complex TORCH-infections are asymptomatic.
Why carry out a blood test for TORCH-complex?
Determination of antibodies to pathogens intrauterine (TORCH) infection allows the physician to predict the risk of formation of fetal malformations and, if necessary, prescribe appropriate treatment. When there is a high risk of malformations incompatible with the life of the fetus, recommend termination of pregnancy for medical reasons.
What method is used in the diagnosis of TORCH-complex?
Identification of the pathogen is carried in the blood by PCR (DNA — research) and can mean either a carrier, or the presence of disease.
How to evaluate the results of the blood test for TORCH complex?
In each case, the doctor evaluates the results of the analyzes. In the study of blood can be detected antibodies of classes M and G:
if the blood revealed only antibody class G, which means that infection has occurred for a long time, the body formed immunity to the pathogen and the disease does not currently pose a risk to the mother and fetus;
antibodies of class M in most cases indicate the acute phase of illness, even if no symptoms;
If antibodies to the pathogen does not show up, it means that immunity to the disease in the body is not present.
What if antibodies to infections TORCH-complex is not detected?
If antibodies to infections TORCH-complex were found, women are recommended to be vaccinated against rubella, not later than 3 months prior to pregnancy. For the prevention of toxoplasmosis is required before conception and during pregnancy, follow these rules: entrust the care of their cat to another family member, do not iron or others homeless cats, wash hands thoroughly before eating, do not eat raw or poorly done meat.