Alcohol and offspring — two things are hardly compatible. As a poison, ethyl alcohol affects all organs and systems of the human body. Extracts and reproductive sphere.
What happens in the sexual organs under the influence of long-term alcohol abuse? Numerous studies, including those in laboratory animals allowed to answer this question.
Seriously change the structure and function of male gonads (testes). Their mass is reduced by half or more, destroys the integrity of the basal membrane structure of the seminiferous tubules, their diameter is reduced and the number of germ cells. A large number of immature sperm in the semen rejected.
Do sperm defects occur. The frequency of such violations on the part of the male reproductive glands is directly dependent on the degree and duration of alcohol abuse. Even at a moderate and short duration of ethanol consumption decreases the number of sperm in the semen of about 30 percent, long-term — for
The negative impact ethyl alcohol on the sex glands were detected in 68.3 percent of patients with chronic alcoholism. For persons who began drinking alcohol before
Ethyl alcohol negatively affects the activity of sperm fertilizing. However, it should be noted that the effect is reversible. After the return of sperm in the alcohol-free environment of their lost property restored.
Developing under the influence of ethanol inhibition of the formation of sperm is the result of both direct it to the appropriate cells of male sex glands that produce sperm and hormonal regulation of their functions.
Clinical examination of the people and in animal studies found that acute and chronic alcohol intoxication affected the synthesis of the male sex hormone (testosterone) in the testes. Consequently, its content in the plasma is reduced, which leads to a variety of disorders in the male sexual field, including decreased libido and erectile dysfunction.
Ethanol-induced inhibition of the function of male gonads up to infertility should be considered as a two-step process.
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- The conclusion of the binge
- Calling psychiatrist at home
- Tests and ECG at home
The first stage — the phenomenon of reversible reduction of testosterone synthesis and reduce the formation of sperm cells with reduced functions. They are the consequence of the action of alcohol and its oxidation products on the sex glands, pituitary and hypothalamus.
The second stage — the final stage of the long-term consumption of alcoholic beverages. It is characterized by impaired liver and gonads that leads to permanent damage of testicular cells that produce sperm.
However, women suffer from alcohol not less. The effects of alcohol on the fetus during pregnancy — a topic for another discussion, it suffices to note that modern scholars agree on one thing — no amount of alcohol for an expectant mother can not be considered safe, as too many individual features can interfere with the process of assimilation by the body as ethanol women and developing body of the child.
However ethyl Alcohol has a negative effect on the reproductive function of women. Women suffering from alcoholism, frequent menstrual disorders, to premature menopause, sometimes
In the development of alcoholism, there is a certain "point of no return" when the negative processes in the reproductive sphere can still be stopped and even reversed. Define this same point can only
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