Alcoholism.  Photo from

The fact that alcoholism is an illness — known to all. In the past, tried to treat alcoholics in all sorts of LTP (medical-labor dispensaries) were sent to live at the "one hundred and first kilometer," but this approach is, obviously, could not bring the expected results.

This was followed by anti-alcohol campaign at the state level, however, the authorities of various countries have repeatedly tried to fight the massive alcoholism its citizens restrictive methods. And in some countries (eg Finland) "prohibition" continues to this day.

However, almost all peoples have established traditions, "rituals" and the rules anyway governing the use of alcohol on different occasions. However, most of these rules or in any way encourage drunkenness as such.

In the course of human history, many nations have developed national alcoholic tradition — the unwritten laws that, when you can and you need to drink — in fact alcohol is an integral part of human culture. He is able to change the state of mind of the person to give him a sense of calm, relaxation, comfort, eliminate restraint, etc.

Now, according to the researchers, alcohol consume more than 90 percent of the adult population of most developed countries, alcohol abuse is much less — from 20 to 40 percent (according to various sources), and an alcoholic average 4-5 percent.

As a result, modern medicine has come to what is alcoholism — it's not only the disease but also a social phenomenon, to cope with which is not so easy.

However, there are many medical centers and specialty clinics that have been successfully treated patients with alcoholism. However, without the help of relatives and friends of the patient can not do here. And in some cases you'll have to think about changing all that surrounds the patient — work, social circle and place of residence.

How is intoxication?

Alcohol (ethanol) is pumped into the blood within a few minutes after its use and the body immediately begins to process it into other chemicals. This process involves the stomach, liver, and nekotrye tissues of the body that have specific enzymes. However, we all know that the main body responsible for the processing of ethanol still is the liver, which with the help of the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase can quickly turn it into acetic acid aldehyde (acetaldehyde). The resulting substance is very toxic to our body — from his suffering and brain cells, and the cells of the liver and many other organs and systems.

The next step is the processing of acetaldehyde into acetic acid, which by itself is quite toxic and is involved in many chemical reactions that occur in humans. It should be understood that the rate of these reactions depends on the individual, sex and age of the person. If a person abuses alcohol, sooner or later, the metabolism is disturbed, leading to changes and "distortions" in the work of the organs and systems to disruption of chemical processes in the patient's body — run round pathological processes influence each other. And to break this vicious circle is not only difficult, but in severe cases even impossible.

Penetration of alcohol to the cells of the frontal lobe that is liberating human emotions, there are a joy, laughter, lightness of judgment. If the person continues to use of alcohol, then gradually lost control over the lower parts of the brain — is lost restraint, modesty, he says and does what he probably would not have said and did when sober. Every new piece of alcohol is increasingly paralyzing the higher nerve centers are not allowed to interfere in the activities of the lower parts of the brain: disturbed coordination of movements, such as eye movement (things start to divide in two), there is a clumsy staggering gait.

It is known that disorders of the nervous system is directly related to the concentration of alcohol in human blood. When the amount of alcohol is 0,04-0,05 percent off the cerebral cortex, a person loses control of himself, loses the ability to make a reasonable judgment. When the concentration of alcohol in the blood of 0.1 percent inhibited the deeper parts of the brain that control movement. Movement of people become insecure and are accompanied by the causeless joy, animation, fussiness.

However, 15 percent of people alcohol can cause depression, desire to sleep. With increasing content of alcohol in the blood weakens a person's ability to auditory and visual perception, dulled speed motor responses.

The concentration of alcohol component 0.2percent, affects the brain, controlling emotional behavior. At the same base instincts are awakened, there is a sudden aggressiveness.

When the concentration of alcohol in the blood reaches 0.3percent, man although it is conscious, but did not understand what he sees and hears. This condition is called alcoholic tiredness.

The concentration of alcohol in the blood 0.4percent leads to a loss of consciousness. Man falls asleep, his breathing becomes irregular, it may cause involuntary emptying of the bladder.

When the concentration of alcohol in blood 06-07percent of frequent outcome is death.

Alcoholics tend to what we call an avid reader when opohmelenie gradually develops into an evening booze and so on for many days and weeks.

Often the removal of the binge is only possible with the help of a specialist. Instead opohmeleniya experts recommend immediate medical treatment. In this state, drinkers often find themselves asking for help, especially when they are ripping off any doses of alcohol and they are exhausted and depleted its own heavily. There are also a number of receptions emergency, that can be applied to the arrival of the doctor.

Offensive dependence on alcohol occurs gradually over several years, and nearly always imperceptible to humans. Suffering from alcoholism, as a rule, are not aware of the diagnosis, not only in the initial period, but also throughout the illness until it is a sad outcome.


Alcohol has on the human acute toxic (poisonous) effect. It violates the metabolism, lowers resistance to infection, affects almost all organs, especially the liver, brain, heart, kidneys, endocrine glands (including sexual), prematurely ages of man. At the young, fragile body, he is stronger. We drank male sex glands are affected, reduced sperm production, observed various violations of the sexual life, until the development of impotence. Alcohol is a poison to any living cells, reduces the activity, motility, breaks, distorts their ancestral structure.

It has long been observed that the use of wine young spouses may lead to the birth of disabled children. For a long time it was thought that the blame for all the expectant mother, and therefore bans drink wine were distributed mainly to women. In ancient Rome and ancient India there was a time when girls and women were not allowed to take for that reason at all alcoholic beverages. Fathers long remained on the sidelines, but now it is proved that drinking can also damage the father of her unborn child.

Alcohol interacts with almost all drugs, and in most cases, it causes great harm to the body, and even death. For example, concomitant acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), and alcohol can cause stomach ulcers and bleeding occurrence. Acceptance of non-narcotic analgesics (analgin, aminopyrine, paracetamol, indomethacin, ibuprofen) together with alcohol leads to tachycardia, the emergence of apathy, tinnitus. Furthermore, allergic reactions increases alcohol while taking any medications.

The classic manifestation of chronic alcohol poisoning is cirrhosis of the liver, a complication which, for example, is a cancer of the liver. In addition to cirrhosis in alcoholics frequently develop gastric ulcer, psychosis, si
milar to epilepsy, seizures, permanent memory disorders, decreased intelligence, polyneuritis. With long-term use of alcohol is a gradual destruction of the psyche, the degradation of the individual, all desires disappear, except for one thing — immediately drink more and more.

For alcoholism is also characterized by the phenomenon of delirium tremens. This is an acute psychosis occurring after exiting a long binge. His most vivid manifestation — hallucinations. In this state, the person becomes dangerous for ourselves and for others, and therefore subject to immediate hospitalization.


Drinking alcohol, like any other drug, it is hard, but treatable. But unlike tobacco, and the more the drug, alcoholism at an early stage can be cured by having to do a strong desire. Initially, a person is formed by the psychological addiction, which can then develop into a physiological.

The sooner people come to a decision about treatment for alcoholism, the easier it will be to stop its further development. The main thing is if you see that the circle is drawn into a nightmare of alcohol dependence — think, and whether sundowner your whole life. If you could not stop in time — do not lose hope, try to return to normal life. Now there are quite a number of reliable methods to get rid of alcohol addiction, specialized clinics and doctors will always come to your rescue.

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