Any conflict — a clash of interests. The number of participants conflicts can be classified into:
— intrapersonal (collision of conflicting beliefs, interests)
— interpersonal (between two people)
— group (between informal small groups)
— conflicts in organizations
— intergroup conflicts between large social groups: political, military, cultural.
The structure of conflict
Any conflict can not do without a few components.
The conflicting parties. At least two of them in any conflict. Also, there are conflicts and multilateral. In addition to the parties in the collision may be involved and the other participants: sympathetic, provocateurs, the conciliators, counselors, victims.
Zone differences. Conflict arises only if the subject of the dispute. They may be a fact or issue a decision (or several), which caused controversy. The real reason for the conflict is not always on the surface. Often, the parties themselves are ill afford it, believing that the conflict broke out over a trifle. In fact, it turns out that this was nothing more than an expression of the deep differences that remain unconscious.
Picture of the situation. Each of the parties to the conflict of its own view of the situation in the area of disagreement. These views do not coincide, which sets the stage for a clash. But conflict does not matter whether the situation is as they see her.
Motives. On the basis of ideas, attitudes and interests of each of the parties to the conflict, add up the respective motives — the desire, motivation to action. Motifs can be both conscious and unconscious.
Activity. Are intended to prevent the opposite side to achieve its objectives.
Why not end the conflict
Any conflict exists because people spend energy to maintain it: give him the mental strength, health, time. To stop any conflict, simply stop watching them. If only the area of disagreement does not turn out to be vital for the participants value. But in addition to these there are a number of illusions that prevent people to end the conflict.
The illusion of "win — lose". When the conflict broke out because of two incompatible values, it seems that you can only select one of them. Hence, there are slogans like "Victory at all costs." In fact, there are other options for the development of the situation, as leading to the loss of both sides, and a compromise solution.
The illusion of self-justification. We tend to justify their behavior, take their beliefs only right. This applies to both individuals and groups. Therefore, a conflict they believe they are fighting for a kind of "just cause."
The illusion of a bad man. Anyone who does not act as we would like, violates our interests, causes hostility. And so begins automatically considered bad enemy.