Ten years ago, young parents, having read a variety of books on techniques of early development, are taken to embody the cutting-edge ideas to life: glued and repainted wooden blocks (according to Nikitin), wrote at night speech on the cards (by Doman) was collected in the surrounding stalls 108 beer caps in order to fill the cubes Zaitsev.
Now times have changed, a lot of specialty stores educational games, and an inexperienced parent abundance of various allowances simply dazzled. Everybody knows the famous names — Nikitin, Zaitsev, Montessori and less well-known — or Kyuizener Denesh. Today we have in the program — a brief digression on the author's developing games.
Boris Pavlovich himself said that his game designed for the whole family. And this is true — this is the game "for growth", from a half to two years to infinity. They develop a logical and spatial thinking and skills of design, color perception, form and concept of the whole piece. Games Nikitina taught to self-sufficiency — a child he goes from simple to complex.
"Advanced" setting causes intellectual tension even in adults — as one mother said, when they're playing, you feel like rusty creak brains. We have a planar Nikitin game — "Lay down the square" and "Fractions", and volume — with a variety of ice — "Lay down your pattern", "Unikub" and "Cubes for all." Let's start with the latter.
The game consists of 16 blocks, in which each face is painted in a certain color. Of these cubes can be added various patterns, focusing on the attached diagrams or on his own imagination. The first task — the most simple (for example, to collect the "clearing" of the same color), gradually the number of colors in the image increases and more complex shapes.
Cubes for all
The game has a few bright-colored figures, consisting of 3-4, glued together cubes. Of these, one can collect a variety of models, refer to figures schemas. "Cubes for all" similar to Tetris and excellent surround develop attention, visual memory, and combinatorial skills.
Remember the once popular Rubik's Cube? Now imagine that he only has three colors and can be disassembled into individual small cubes — and will Nikitinsky Unikub. A great thing for the first steps in geometry and solid geometry.
The kit with all the cubes are included with the author's booklet jobs.
Lay down the square
The game has three difficulty levels. The principle we all have one — to lay down a square of several parts. Each square has a different color, so it will first have to pick up part of the color. Aerobatics — to collect a square with your eyes closed.
Just as the "Lay down your square", this game is perfect form and concept of the whole piece. It is a multi-colored circles of plywood cut into a number of parts. The task — to collect part of the whole (to start focusing on color, and then — only in form, we need only to turn over part of the circle on the reverse side.) The child gets acquainted not only with the concept of fractions, but also with an angle (straight, blunt, sharp, unfolded), a measure of the degree, symmetry.
About cubes Zaitseva heard only the deaf. However, be prepared for the fact that the store you will see no bricks and cardboard scan, of which you have to glue himself notwithstanding that the cubes and fill them in accordance with the recommendations of the author, the notorious beer caps, crumpled paper and debris pencils. However, now some stores offer "ready" option — cubes are glued together and filled. Be much more expensive, of course, but your time, as you know — money.
Actually cubes Zaitseva
The system is based on the principle of Zaitseva reading syllable by syllable. Warehouse — it's one vowel, one consonant, or a combination of consonant and vowel. Given the block bricks. Of these sides child "writes" the word, and the letter goes on to reading. Colour and content blocks allow your child to distinguish between voiced and voiceless, hard and soft consonants. The kit includes: 60 scans for cubes, 5 tables, handbook, Ear-hardeners, fillers for cubes, glue and an audio CD.
Useful for teaching reading and other benefits Zaitsev — 240 pictures for teaching writing, reading, drawing (Warehouses pictures with a silhouette image of animals and captions) and a set "Read and Sing" (Book with audiocassette), which is the teaching of reading through music and singing.
The first thousand +
A modified version of the original benefits Zaitsev "The first thousand", "Stoschet" and "We are close to a hundred." The manual includes a cardboard strip with numbers from 0 to 99, split cards, special tables, guidelines, and again sweep cube — just mathematical. According to this manual children learn to count, add and subtract, get an idea of the even and odd numbers, the composition of the numbers.
Benefits American doctor Glenn Doman even suitable for babies. In any case, he argued that the year-old child is much easier to learn to read than seven years. Another thing is that for such studies should not be taken too seriously — it could be just another game, fun entertainment for the mother and baby, which does not overshadow all the other ways of knowing the world.
Set of cards "Wunderkind from the cradle. Read by Domani "- from 6 months to 6 years
"Read by Domani" is based on the method of whole words — when you need to remember is not the individual letters and the word entirely. Includes 20 cardboard cards with the simple words of two to four letters. These words are written in large red letters (Doman believed that it is easier to write all perceived by the child). The kit includes detailed instructions for use.
Prodigy from the cradle and can be grown with special presentations (voiced images) on CD. There are two developing Drive by Doman with Russian slideshows on a variety of subjects — mathematics, animals, shapes and colors, cars and airplanes, anatomy, art masterpieces, natural phenomena, etc.
The famous Italian educator based his technique on the principle of "Help me do it myself." In the arsenal of Montessori is actually a great variety of different (and note quite expensive) benefits, and they are purchased, as a rule, specialized children's gardens. And the share of home schooling "at Montessori" are a variety of frames with inserts and lacing.
Frames and Liners — from two years
There are wooden, plastic, and foam rubber. All of these represent a framework in which to cut a hole of some form. In this opening to insert the corresponding figure of contrasting color. It can be letters, numbers, geometric shapes, silhouettes of animals, birds, leaves, fruits and vegetables, etc. The smallest will be familiar with these images with tactile sensations (because each figure can be taken in hand and palpate), right to "close windows" appropriate inserts. Since age of three or four can trace the figures on the contour, color and shade, coaching his hand to writing.
To be honest, Montessori offers learn to lace on this boot. But her followers (as well as the toy industry) has come up with for this toys in all shapes — squirrels, hedgehogs, rabbits, etc. Well, perhaps some of the children will be interested to attach with lace hedgehog fungus or an apple on the spines. We are the main thing that has developed motor skills!
Sticks Kyuizenera — from 3 years
This is not just a colorful counting sticks, known to every preschooler.
They help the child to learn not only to believe but to get an idea of the concepts of "high-low", "short-long" and, most importantly, "how much shorter or longer." Each rod has a well-defined length in accordance with their color, wherein the shorter rod, the more of them in the set. For example, orange longest rods 10 corresponding to the number in a set of four pieces and the shorter, white, corresponding to the number 1 — 25 units. The child learns to compare values, he comes to the concept of "composition of numbers" on which will long continue to fight a primary school teacher.
It is possible to buy the sticks Kyuizenera "Krostiki" (Games with sticks) and a special album with tasks.
Blocks Denesha — 2 years
Denesh — Hungarian psychologist and mathematician — developed this game for the development of logical thinking in children. The game introduces geometric shapes, size, develops creative skills and ability to think analytically.
The set includes geometric shapes, different color and size cards with symbols and special properties of the logical blocks, which define the job. On the characters to find the figure of a certain shape, color and size.
Copyright games — a great many. But most importantly — be guided by your child on his desires and interests. Only in this case, the game will actually develop.