Their support will need one trillion dollars
California Institute of the international research in Monterey (The Monterey Institute of International Studies) and the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons (The James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies) conducted a study on the costs of maintaining rassredotachivaniyu strategic nuclear forces (SNF) U.S. combat ready during the subsequent 30 anniversary. For a specified period the Americans plan to spend for this purpose about the 1st trillion dollars, which is meant to restore the purchase of new vehicles for nuclear weapons, improving the armament aviation nuclear weapons warheads and intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).
Purchase of new vehicles and warheads (BB) to them would peak within 4 — 6 years after 2020, with about 2024 to 2029-th, when the Department of Defense (DoD) plans to acquire five strategic nuclear submarines (SSBN), 72 distant strategic bombers and 240 ICBMs. If the envisaged plans are implemented, the United States plans to spend three percent self-yearly defense budget for the purchase of new strategic systems, which is comparable to the cost of the purchase of new strategic systems in the 80s, in the era of the reign of Ronald Reagan.
Before the start of the defense budget sequestration Obama administration meant to create spoofing the armament systems more frisky pace. Analysts note that the new schedule procurement carries within itself significant risks and likely lead to even huge costs, the least highest combat abilities and more than unhurried replaceable component deployment of nuclear forces.
Predictable price support the armament systems with regard to the extension of the current program cycle nuclear BB also need to replace each component of the nuclear triad of the United States range from 872 billion dollars to 1.082 trillion dollars in the future 30th anniversary (Table 1).
According to the table, the estimated yearly cost for maintenance service component SNF be 8-9 billion dollars. At the same time, according to the fiscal department of the U.S. Congress will spend every year 12 billion dollars to maintain the SNF. According to the explanations professionals 12 billion dollars will be spent on the next generation system, which will come to replace the components of the nuclear triad, consisting now in service. Immediately around 8 billion dollars in the budgets of the Navy and the U.S. Air Force will need for technical service of modern strategic nuclear forces (Table 2).
U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces are composed of 14 class SSBNs «Ohio», each of which has 24 launch tubes for launching SLBM «Trident II» D5 with warheads (BB) W76 or W88. These boats are based in Bangor (Washington) and Kings Bay (Ga.).
In accordance with the new Contract on Strategic Offensive Arms (START), the U.S. plans to maintain the combat capability of all 14 class SSBNs «Ohio» on their deployed SLBMs with 240 simultaneous renewal or complete removal of four silos on each boat.
Yearly price support marine components during the implementation of the SNF promising applets Defense FYDP (Future Years Defense Program) ranges from 2.9 to 3 billion dollars or 14.6 billion dollars for the entire reporting period. These costs bow tech support SSBN and SLBM excluding the cost of personnel, the cost of removal of long boats with weapons and reactor decommissioning, pensions and medical costs in leaving troops in store.
In accordance with DoD plans SSBN «Ohio» is planned to withdraw from service with the Navy in 2027 to 2042. Removal from service SSBN will happen to the rate of one boat for a year. U.S. Navy going to change the existing promising SSBN submarines SSBN (X) in an amount of 12 units. Current funding programmke SSBN (X) is focused on the development of technologies, including unified missile compartment and full electric propulsion system.
Purchase of the first (head) SSBN SSBN (X) moved from 2019 to 2021 minutes on monetary and other reasons. As a result, the Navy now plans to operate the number of SSBNs least 12 units of 2029 by 2041, reducing their number to 10.
Full price substitution on SSBN submarines of SSBN (X) is estimated at 77-102 billion dollars at the price of one boat at 7.2 billion dollars. The Navy plans to yearly costs of operation and technology support each SSBN (X) at 124 million dollars, or nearly 1.5 billion dollars for 12 boats. With all this Navy rely reduce the cost of both the boat and the costs of its operation and support. R & D programs from within the FYDP will be allocated 6 billion dollars, 1.6 billion people as premature purchases.
In price applets SSBN (X) does not include the cost to replace the SLBM D5. These missiles will consist in service until 2042, in connection with which the R & D, testing and evaluation of the latest SLBM may begin no earlier than 2030 th. Although forecasts for the price of this promising no SLBMs, MO specified in the budget requests within the boundaries of annual 1.2 billion dollars for the entire period on a yearly purchase FYDP 24 SLBMs D5.
These costs can be considered as a rough estimate price promising SLBMs and included under Procurement SSBN. Relatively recently representatives of the Navy began to hint at the event that the highest value of promising SLBM SSBN (X) and insufficiently flexible spoofing its missiles «Trident» have an adverse impact on other principal shipbuilding applets. In September 2013 a number of reports have mentioned that the Navy planned to make a special request for an additional allocation of funds for the purchase of SLBM «Trident» for replacement SSBN.
As part of the aviation components SNF 94 strategic bombers languid nuclear weapon, including 76 B-52H (Air Force Base «Barksdale» in Louisiana and «Minot» in North Dakota) and 18 B-2A (Air Force Base «Whiteman» in the state MO). Under the terms of the new contract START United States wants to maintain combat readiness of 60 bombers.
The yearly cost of this fleet will make 3.1-3.5 billion dollars for 2014-2018, or 16.5 billion dollars.
U.S. Air Force wants to maintain operation of the park B-52H and B-2A at least last until 2040 and 2050 respectively. According to the plans of strengthening or substitution of aviation components SNF United States plans to adopt impact far bomber LRS-B (Long Range Strike-Bomber). While it is unclear how long this plane will be developed as applets details secret. At the same time, according to the budget of this program from the Air Force over the next 5 years will need 10 billion dollars.
According placed in the 2012 30-Year Plan of the yearly funding acquisitions and Air Force aircraft procurement allocated 55 billion dollars and this kind of armed forces plans to acquire 80-100 new bombers. These estimates do not include R & D, while the are independent analysts estimate the cost of this expenditure from 20 to 45 billion dollars. Based on data contained in the study of economical control of the U.S. Congress in 2006, the overall price applets promising far subsonic bomber will be 92 billion dollars, of which the purchase will have 61 billion dollars, and R & D — 31 billion
In the composition of the terrestrial components of the strategic nuclear forces, the U.S. has 450 ICBMs «Minuteman III» silo-based. These missiles are deployed as part of a 3-wing, with 150 missiles each, at Air Force bases «Warren» (Wyoming), «Minot» (North Dakota) and «Malmstrom» (Montana). Under the terms of the new contract START U.S. plans to throw in service up to 420 ICBMs. During the period of implementation of promising programs from DoD FYDP yearly support costs amount to 1.7-1.9 Park ICBM billion dollars, and a total of difficulty — 8.9 billion Air Force wants to maintain combat readiness of the fleet of ICBMs «Minuteman III» 2030 and recently graduated from the program from extending their current cycle.
In late 2013, the Air Force began the analysis of alternatives AoA (Analysis of Alternatives) to define the concept promising ICBMs, but the true time plan to swap the ground components of SNF is not defined. This will only happen after the study AoA, planned for the current year.
Currently there are no cost estimates applets promising ICBMs that will replace the «Minuteman III». According to the report in 2013 and 2014 on the conceptual research promising IDB allocated least 0.1 billion dollars.
The last time the programm procurement newest ICBM was launched in the U.S. in the 80s and anticipate acquiring ICBM MX «Peacekeeper» (MX / Peacekeeper) and of small ICBM «Midzhetmen» (Midgetman). Based on the price of ICBMs «Peacekeeper» ICBMs and predictable prices «Midzhetmen» silo-based strategic nuclear forces land component with promising ICBMs with 400 units will cost 20-70 billion dollars, excluding home mode, which to this day has not been determined.
Certain part of the cost of providing the strategic nuclear forces in the near 30 years will have to work to maintain the life of nuclear warheads, the administrative authority for nuclear safety. These operations are carried out within the framework of programs extend the life of LEP (Life Extension Program) and will require costs in the amount of 70-80 billion dollars.
In general, the report said, to maintain strategic nuclear forces and purchase the latest generation of bombers — carrying nuclear weapons, SSBNs, SLBMs and ICBMs uniformly introduced in the strategic nuclear forces, the United States will spend from 2013 to 2042 about the 1st trillion bucks.