Where wiring books be burned and people

In today Berlin State Opera in front of the National Socialists burned books that did not like the Hitler regime. Day May 10, 1933 he was declared "prazdnichkom fire." His planned in February 1933 in various towns of Germany Ministry of Propaganda, and the founder and inspirer was Dr. Goebbels, Germanic philologist by training.
To attract the young radical
Public burning of books was one of the first steps Goebbels as minister of propaganda. Didaxis in order to intimidate the "middle man", which is usually treated with reverence for the printed word, so as to attract young people to the side of the National Socialists, to show determination and youth radicalism of modern power. Specifically, students and teachers given the main role in the burning of books.
"Prazdnichek fire" — public burning of books — took place not only in Berlin, and in other, mostly college, towns in Germany — Bonn, Frankfurt am Main, Munich.
Works by Albert Einstein and J. London burned together
Exclusively in Berlin at the Opera area were burned 20 thousand books, among them works by creators of Jewish origin, works adherents of Marxism and pacifism, foreign authors and books.
Were banned about 12.5 thousand works 149 writers. Among them — the work of world-recognized scientists and writers Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Karl Marx, and works by Thomas Mann Gaynryha, Stefan Zweig, Gaynryha Hayn, Erich Kestnera, as Jack London, Ernest Hemingway and many others.
Flame and censorship
"It was just the beginning: where smoking book, and people will burn, "- wrote Henry Hayn Nazis banned in their own disaster" Almansor ".
Burned books were the first step to total ideological control over the literary process in Germany. "Prazdnichek fire" was a turning point, after which was introduced full censorship. During the years of the Nazi dictatorship list of illegal works supplemented. Some creators forbade quite other — partly.
September 22, 1933 was adopted decree on the development of the imperial chamber culture. From 1939 the department of literature in one hundred percent controlled operation of all publishers, editors and printers, as all trade books. Published that only those who have passed registration.
Day memory
From 1947 in Germany celebrate the memory of the day the public burning of books by the Nazis. On Babelplyats in Berlin — once the Opera Square, where in 1933, burned books, now — an extraordinary monument, which is called "sunken library" (Versunkene Bibliothek). The monument was made in 1995, its creator — Israeli designer Mike Ullman (Micha Ullmann), whose ancestors left Germany in 1933. In the center, under a thick square of glass, is a snow-white room with empty bookshelves. Myagenkaya light that comes out of glass, attracts the attention of passersby. Empty space underground recalls the loss. Close — only a small sign with the inscription: "In this area May 10, 1933 Nazi students burned books."
In 2006 Center for European-Jewish research in Potsdam Mendelssohn made with the idea of creation "Library books burned." Initiators of the project will restore 316 of the number of books destroyed. Project Manager — Julius Schoeps (Julius Schops) states that this meeting will be available to all schools and gymnasiums Germany.

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