One of the common complications of diabetes is the loss of feet ("diabetic foot"). It is caused by changes in the nerves and blood vessels in chronic increase in blood sugar levels.
Patients with diabetes concerned:
- excessive formation of blisters, thickening andchange nail shape;
- fungal infection of nails and skin;
- numbness of the feet, the feeling of "pins and needles" and other violations of the sensitivity of the skin;
- change shape of the foot.
For patients with diabetes mellitus is characterized by reduction in the body's defenses. A cut, scratch, corn can be a source of serious inflammation in the foot, lead to the formation of ulcers.
- carefully observe the rules of hygiene;
- wear soft, comfortable shoes, socks with a comfortable (not tight) band;
- iodine is contraindicated in case of injuries, "potassium permanganate", alcohol and "brilliant green". Abrasions and cuts better handle hydrogen peroxide (3% solution), or agents (dioxidine, furatsilin) and apply a sterile dressing.
It should not be:
- use "magnetic insoles" (with projections);
- use of chemical substances or preparations for softening corns (for example, patch "Salipod") to remove calluses cutting tools (razor knife, etc.). For this purpose it is necessary to use a pumice stone, and similar special attachments.
Only constant attention to the skin of the legs and timely access to a doctor, an endocrinologist at the signs of infection will prevent the occurrence of serious problems "diabetic foot":
- non-healing wounds and ulcers on the legs;
- infectious processes: abscess and cellulitis (subcutaneous suppuration), osteomyelitis (inflammation process bone) and others;
- gangrene of the extremities.
Treatment of these conditions is carried out only in the hospital, often requires surgical intervention.