Osteochondrosis — is zabolevanienie in which pathological changes are the intervertebral discs, vertebral cartilage nodes as well as in the intervertebral joints. The cause of osteoarthritis may be a spinal injury, disorders of blood circulation and lymph flow, inflammation of the vertebrae. Some modern scholars believe, not without reason, that low back pain — not a disease, and adaptive response of the spine to the wrong distribution of loads that occur during the movements.
The nature of our body is arranged so that the primary vertical load on thespine extends along the axis passing through the center of gravity of the body — about the middle of the pelvis, a little closer to the sacrum. If a person weighs about 80-85 kg, on the lumbar spine has more than 3/5 of the load, and if we carry weight, suffer from obesity or just jump up, the weight of which hold the lower lumbar vertebrae, is greatly increased (sometimes several times ). Even that makes our spine, but on the condition that the load is properly distributed.
How to feel themselves in a similar situation vertebrae?
Vertebra begins to lose its shape, and the intervertebral disc becomes less elastic. Of course, this does not happen immediately, but noticeable changes occur to the nerve fibers extending from the spinal cord. They are infringed, and being in the narrowed intervertebral holes are gradually beginning to swell, worse carry signals from the brain to the organs and tissues.
We often experience this as pain along the nerve, numbness of hands and feet, we experience a sense of discomfort and fatigue in the back or neck. In particularly severe cases, impaired carrying signals to individual muscles, causing them to dry out, or, as doctors say, atrophy. In a deformed spine changing process of bone growth. To reduce the load on the vertebra itself, bone grows in width by increasing the area of its body. Appears from the words of a famous neighbors and doctors of low back pain. Overgrown bone further narrows the openings between the vertebrae, nerves even more restrained — a vicious circle of patient spine. He begins to respond with pain, changes in gait, increased fatigue even at light load. Although low back pain — a long and slowly evolving process easier to not becoming.
The clinical picture depends on the localization process, so the distinction osteochondrosis of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. For cervical degenerative disc disease is characterized by pain in the neck, head, muscle tension, restriction of mobility of the cervical spine, shoulder, arm, numbness in the hand, there may be vertigo with nausea, vomiting, ringing in the head, ringing in the ears. When breast osteochondrosis — a pain in the spine begins to radiate ("give") to other places, but the localization of pain is sometimes so strong that it is fixed focus patient. Very characteristic burning pain between the shoulder blades. There is also pain in the heart, which are often associated with headaches. Often, pain in the stomach with discomfort in the gut, pain in the right upper quadrant. Osteochondrosis occurs in breast disorders of the urinary tract, and sometimes sexual disorders. The main complaint of patients with lumbar osteochondrosis is pain in the lumbar-sacral department — lumbodynia, in the iliac region — sciatica, or both, and there — sciatica. Later joins sensitivity disorder, muscle atrophy.
How is it treated?
Treatment should be individual: Someone fit one way, someone else — search and find what is optimal for you.
Treatment should be complex: Need a combination of different methods.
Treatment should be pathogenetic, that is, to take into account the stage, the phase of the disease and the prevalence of certain clinical syndromes — low back pain does not flow the same way in different people. Together in your health care, you specify which form, the stage of the disease you have and what syndromes prevail and decide that you undertake.
Conservative treatment includes bed rest, traction, physical therapy, massage, analgesics, anti-inflammatory medications, vitamins, physical therapy, spa treatments, massage therapy, acupuncture. Remember, the earlier you start treatment, the better the result.
And even better is if you engage the prevention of degenerative disc disease. Disease it is very insidious. If you do not feel discomfort — it does not mean that you do not have degenerative disc disease, changes in the spine is, but the symptoms have not yet appeared. For a long time you may not feel any symptoms of the disease, it seems to you that you are healthy. Then, there may come a rapid progression of the disease, there will be pain and all the other symptoms.
Is it possible to complete recovery from degenerative disc disease?
Of course, the recovery depends on the form of the disease, severity, accuracy and timeliness of treatment. However, low back pain can be cured karyne rarely and only in the initial stages. But it is possible to prevent the aggravation of degenerative disc disease, do not feel the pain for years. The task of the patient — to suspend the development of the disease and do everything possible to disappear part of pathological changes in the spine, disappeared or decreased symptoms (pain, back pain, coldness and numbness of the hands, feet, headaches, etc.).