Japan in the coming five years will begin to develop a new fighter that some South American experts have attributed to the sixth generation combat aircraft. The new aircraft will receive massive engines, the mental side of the system and in their abilities outshine existing fighters fifth generation. However, chances are that the aircraft will be made of Japanese design standard, small. In the future, this project could merge with South American and Japan, as usual, will buy fighter jets, made in the USA.
Hopefully will get a Japanese fighter F-3 index. Development work on this project is scheduled to begin in 2016-2017, to raise first layout in the air — in the years 2024-2025, and to start mass production fighter calculated in 2027. These terms are discussed in terms of the development of the Air Force, Department of Defense prepared land of the rising sun. With this document has examined publication Aviation Week. In total, the military wants to acquire more than 200 new aircraft.
According to the plans of the Japanese Defense Ministry, the new fighters will have to develop the state to change the outdated Mitsubishi F-2 (made on the basis of the American F-16 Fighting Falcon) and F-15J/DJ Eagle / Kai. Currently, the Air Force land of the rising sun makes flying 78 fighter F-2A / B and 198 F-15J/DJ. New F-3 will be used on a par with the F-35 Lightning II; 42 aircraft of Japan wants to buy from the United States.
Preliminary research work on a new Japanese fighter began in 2010. They are led by the Institute of technical research and development (TRDI) under the Ministry of Defense of the Land of the Rising Sun project i3. In a promising plan to use the plane number of technologies that will be made in the project to develop fighter fifth generation ATD-X Shinshin. Last, most likely will not receive the serial and will continue to exist only in the form of several flying prototypes.
ATD-X stands for Advanced Technology Demonstrator — X (demonstrator latest tehology; X — yet unknown and is not assigned to a digital index). Shinshin in Japanese means «mind.» First flying machine is scheduled for 2014. Japanese military establishment never seriously thought about the mass production of the aircraft, and the whole project was initiated faster in order to prove to the authorities that Japan can still develop sverhtehnologichny military products.
Of breakthrough technologies ATD-X, which can inherit F-3, you must first call the system of self-healing mission control SRFCC (Self Repairing Flight Control Capability). The essence of this technology is that bortovik will receive information from sensors about the damage different parts of the aerodynamic design and correct the work of the remaining intact parts such makarom, so completely recover aircraft maneuverability.
In F-3 «perekochuyut» different technologies and stealth (geometric shape, passive electrical systems, radio-and composite materials, especially iron deposition and some others), multi-mode radar with active phased array (perhaps an improved version of the already done JAPG-1 radar AESA), fiber optic remote control system with multiple redundant channels, electronic warfare system and information exchange.
In recent years, the emphasis is planned to develop new engines for aircraft and stealth technology. Company is engaged in designing motor IHI, who wants to make a power plant capable of developing traction in 15-thousand pounds of force. Perhaps there is an afterburner value. For comparison, the engine F119-PW-100 for the F-22 Raptor is able to develop a thrust of 10.7 thousand pounds-force and 15.9 thousand pounds-force mode afterburner.
Technology demonstrator is a smaller version of the projected fighter. For this reason, the design layout is not laid internal weapons bays. Presumably, in size F-3, which will take a huge amount of technology in Shinshin, is in its size is comparable to F-15J.
The creation of the Ministry of Defence Motor Land of the Rising Sun wants had spent 17.2 billion yen (215.6 million dollars), of which 4.5 billion will be allocated to the project in 2013. Motor tests scheduled to begin in 2015 and finish work on the latest power plant — in 2017. Also big thrust developers want to reach and more than high temperature characteristics of the air in the chamber vozduhopoglotitelya before the compressor.
Estimated value of the temperature is until 1600 degrees Celsius, but IHI plans to skip this limit. Note that residents of the country of the rising sun give this indicator may indicate that they wish to make a jet engine, capable of running at speeds of more than 3 Mach numbers (about 3.4 thousand kilometers per hour). To achieve this purpose, scientists may have to create new, more resistant to the highest temperatures, materials for construction vozduhopoglotiteley and compressors.
Technological demonstrator model ATD-X (Advanced Technology Demonstrator-X). Source: kosuke2009.blogspot.co.uk
The fact is that during the flight of an aircraft braking occurs always in vozduhopoglotitele airflow, resulting in substantially air heated. Upon exceeding the threshold calculation may lead to the destruction and vozduhopoglotitelya compressor. In addition, the compressor becomes harder to compress the heated air and feed it into the combustion chamber, and the overall efficiency of the motor is reduced. Specifically, for this reason, the introduction of turbojet engines hypervelocity becomes unfeasible.
It is expected that the Japanese F-3 will receive a twin-engine design, which means that the overall thrust of aircraft engines will be 30 thousand pounds-force. For comparison, two-engine powerplant fighter F-15J, which will have to change the new F-3, able to develop traction in 15.9 thousand pounds-force and 22.6 thousand pounds-force mode afterburner. Implementing a strong power plant on F-3 shows that the fighter will be assigned to Class languid. Most takeoff weight languid F-15J is 30.8 tons.
In addition, TRDI wants to create for the F-3 special coverings, the structure in which will be integrated into a grid of antennas connected to a system of electronic countermeasures. According TRDI, this grid will allow not only to determine the irradiation radar aircraft, and to reduce the radar signature of a fighter. Due to such antennas is also planned to jam enemy radar. Technical details of the project so far unidentified.
For the development of new technology in the Japanese military establishment wants to highlight the years 2013-2016 to 1.6 billion yen. As part of this project will be the creation of the new system of electronic warfare and countermeasures, which will allow to provide «vseobyatnoe surveillance and jamming.» In the end, the military are willing to acquire the technology lowering the effective scattering area, the better the principles of geometrical and structural invisibility. Techno evaluation of the project will take place in 2019.
Since 2010 TRDI was 2.5 billion yen for research in the field of aerodynamics internal weapons, including bombs and reset missile launch from internal weapons bays, opening the valves at tremendous speeds and flight calculation of the strength characteristics of materials such compartments. On completion of the works and prototyping internal compartments will need another 3.8 billion yen.
Although the Japanese Ministry of Defense apparently not indicated promising aircraft belonging to a particular generation of combat aircraft, analysts attributed the South American F-3 to the sixth generation fighter. In 2011, Jane’s agency also reported that Japan has started preparatory work for the creation of their own sixth-generation fighter. Assembly of the aircraft will engage the Japanese company Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.
According to the Japanese Defense Ministry, in the 2020s new sverhtehnologichny fighters and missiles with increased range will hold China, South Korea and Our homeland — the coming neighbors, the country of the rising sun, with whom she has a number of territorial disputes. As a counterbalance to Japan and want to make their multi-purpose heavy fighter, capable of doing tasks like air supremacy and application of precision strikes against ground targets.
The ability to merge
About Japan in certain time to make your own sixth generation fighter aircraft for the Navy and the Air Force wants the United States. Since January 2011, the South American Air Force and Navy are working together to address requirements for generation fighter, «6», which is planned to adopt in 2025-2030. The U.S. Navy is this programm called F / A-XX, and the Air Force — FX. Some South American analysts reported that, as the project ATD-X, a new F-3 can not continue to have its own serial — Japan prefer to buy South American planes.
Preparatory list of requirements promulgated until only South American Navy, but he hardly differs significantly from the requirements of the Air Force. Naval forces want to get the plane, based on the aircraft carrier capable of providing air superiority and solve a number of other combat missions in space with the restriction and prohibition of access and maneuver (A2/AD, anti-access/area denied operational environment), including maintenance of the air battlefield, causing ground attacks, antiship struggle and concrete support from the air.
Own concept of the sixth generation of fighters have already submitted the South American company Boeing and Lockheed Martin. First is the design of combat aircraft F / A-XX since 2009; in May 2010 at a conference Boeing Naval League U.S. showed two concepts promising fighter. In general, according to Boeing, the aircraft meets the requirements of the U.S. Navy. In addition, it can be remotely controlled as well as manned.
Lockheed Martin presented the vision of the sixth generation fighter first January 2012. The distinctive features of this generation of combat aircraft carried the company fundamentally new engines, materials, energy supply system and the instrument. Fighters should be available faster aircraft fifth generation possess greater range and number of new technologies, such as, for example, «self-healing structures» and «multispectral stealth.»
As a possible power plant currently being considered improved jet engines with adaptive variable cycle technology (ADVENT). Their peculiarity becomes the third air introduction path through which air flow will bypass the compressor and combustor. During takeoff and flight at maximum speed third circuit will be locked, so that the engine can maintain the highest level of traction. When flying at cruising speed circuit will open that will allow to increase the traction motor and immediately reduce fuel consumption.
Some analysts reported that when the United States will start the development of new combat aircraft, Japan to join the project. With all this Japanese production may be offered the Yankees. By joining the South American project, and Japan may abandon the creation of their own jet engine, also transferred all production to the U.S. side. So makarom if the Japanese Ministry of Defense change course and decide to buy FX, aircraft in service of this country will be different from the American versions only airborne equipment, as distinguished from the F-15J F-15C / D.
Overall, ATD-X and F-3 are faster image project land of the rising sun, in over 10 years Male procuring arms and military equipment from the United States. Trying to maintain their own defense industries, the Japanese government purchases from the U.S. license to build military equipment. In addition, often South American technique for Land of the Rising Sun goes through several steps improvements in local businesses, because the Japanese versions of fighters developed in the United States are much more expensive originals.
Leading the development of promising fighters, Japan quickly tries to maintain the technological and scientific basis of its own military-industrial complex, with rare exceptions do not create their own weapons since the end of the second world war. Since 1947, the Land of the Rising Sun operates the ninth article of the Constitution, which prohibits the State not only to participate in any military conflict, but even have an army.