Of all the states five nuclear powers (Britain, China, Our homeland, the United States and France), only China in 2012 expanded its own nuclear capability.
This is stated in the posted June 3, 2013 the yearly report of the Stockholm Institute research problems of the world (SIPRI).
Together with those of India and Pakistan also increase its own capacity in this area, while developing all this missile weapons delivery systems.
It is reported by ITAR-TASS.
On the nuclear powers
Military arsenals States
The report notes that at the beginning of 2013 eight nuclear powers — the United States (2.15 thousand) Our homeland (1.8 thousand), England (160), France (290), China, India, Pakistan and Israel — has 4 4 thousand units operational nuclear weapons. About 2 thousand of them are in a state of alert. If you add up all the warheads, they would amount to 17 thousand 265 units, which is less in comparison with the beginning of 2012, when the total number of 19 thousand equated
Acronym happened priemuschestvenno, thanks to the efforts in this area of the Russian Federation and the United States to perform the contract on measures to upcoming reduction of strategic offensive arms (new START), also aging and end-of-withdrawal deadline own systems.
The report provides an analysis of the state of SIPRI international security, as the processes of disarmament and weapons in the world. The creators of the report are three important trends in 2012. In addition to expanding China’s nuclear potential experts identified a sharp reduction in the number of peacekeepers involved in the resolution of conflicts in various parts of the world, due to the withdrawal from Afghanistan.
In addition, the report notes that the movement towards a global ban on cluster munitions introduction braked.
The UN peacekeeping force
Contingent of peacekeepers stationed in various parts of the globe in 2012 fell by more than 10%. Experts believe that the reason is to begin withdrawing troops from Afghanistan. Yet segodnyaschy population 223 thousand people in more than 2 times greater than 2003 specifications.
Then peacekeepers were present in 53 countries — one more than in 2012. With the continuing withdrawal of NATO troops from Afghanistan SIPRI experts predict the upcoming reduction in the total number of peacekeepers.
«The extent of the reduction and temper peacekeeping missions will depend on the size of the contingent present in Mali, in the Sahel region as a whole and potentially in Syria, also on the willingness of countries to take measures to increase the protection of the civilian population means of Peacekeeping Operations and the willingness to actually to take responsibility for its implementation, «- says senior researcher at SIPRI dilemmas of peacekeeping operations, peace-keeping and conflict resolution Dr. Yair van der Liina.
In SIPRI report notes that while the Syrian crisis of the United Nations was unable to effective action. The new principle of international responsibility for the protection of the civilian population in the event that the national government is not capable of this, lain in the base invasion of Libya in 2011, has not been used since China and Our homeland vetoed any action under the auspices of the UN, While other countries opposed outside interference in the internal affairs of Syria.