Russian Air Force plans to significantly upgrade fleet
An important problem of the Russian Air Force by 2008 is a significant technological backwardness caused by fifteen-year «procurement holidays». Namely, for a long time actually was purchased brand new equipment. The planes and helicopters dropped sharply in the first years after the collapse of the USSR and in fact came to naught in 1994, 1995, and in 1990-2000-m individual purchases were made aircrafts.
The main part of the aircraft and air defense systems by 2008 had (and has before) great age. During the time that has elapsed since the termination of bulk supplies, equipment at the physical level and obsolete, developed its own resource. In general, the Russian Air Force as if time stood still at the level of the mid-80s. Severe problem was the lack of modern aircraft armament and expiration even many actual instances of aircraft armament.
Thus, in 2000-2008, the Air Force received one strategic bomber Tu-160 (seven former Russian Tu-160 and Tu-95MS three were received in 2000 from Ukraine), three frontline bomber Su-34, 12 combat helicopters Mi-28N, two combat Ka-50 and about 10 ka transport Mi-8 different modifications.
With all this cash equipment (especially helicopters) was actively used, including during both conflicts in Chechnya. Modernization of the aircraft fleet have not been performed, was limited even ordinary scheduled maintenance. Again in 2000-2008 failed to modernize 111 aircraft, about 50 of them — helicopters, but crucially it did not change the situation.
So Makar, by 2008, despite the new supply, the average age of aircraft was more than 20-25 years and it quickly became obsolete at the physical level and morally.
Was very critical (and almost everything is) position with modern weapons aviation. Russian tactical aircraft so far does not have the serial numbers of the main types of modern aircraft guns as:
missiles «air-air» active radar guidance system;
guided bombs with satellite guidance system;
tactical precision cruise missiles.
No modern electro-optical containers obviously underdeveloped EW equipment. Very low level of operational and tactical training and technical equipment in general has been demonstrated in the Russian Air Force «five-day war» with Georgia in August 2008, which resulted in losses in excess level of aviation (5 combat aircraft) in so insignificant campaign.
Equipment for the Air Force in 2020 SAP
Air Force modernization and procurement of modern aircraft have become a major weapons programs from the State value for 2011-2020 (GPV-2020), approved December 31, 2010-th. The total price of this program to the Ministry of Defence — about 19 trillion rubles, of them for the needs of the Air Force foreseen four trillion. In the framework of its plan to purchase all of the Armed Forces of more than 600 aircraft and 1,100 helicopters.
Although the example program is constantly adjusted, you can make the following conclusions about the plans for procurement of military aircraft for the Russian Air Force until 2020.
Far and military transport aircraft
For distant aircraft not provided the purchase of new bombers. This, namely, means that having at JSC «Kazan Aviation Production Association» Russian reserve for another two or three strategic bombers Tu-160 use is planned. At the same time, limited R & D funding is foreseen in the framework of programs from creating a new strategic bomber (PAK DA), which will have the result already beyond 2020. In the end, for the needs of first distant aviation since 2015 is likely to purchase 30 tanker aircraft based on the Il-476.
Military transport aircraft will be perhaps one of the main «beneficiaries» LG 2020. Various interest groups from the Air Force and the aviation industry, «drags» on a wide range of Air Force military transport aircraft. Among them this day there are plans to purchase 20 languid transport aircraft An-124 (after 2015), 39 transport Il-76MD-90A (aka Il-476, 2014), 60 transport An-70 (2015 ), up to 50 vehicles AIT machines (status is unclear), up to 20 passenger An-148 (status is unclear), 11 lung AN-140 (two delivered in 2011-2012, while others are contracted), up to 30 light aircraft of Czech manufacture L-410UVP (seven have already been delivered in 2011-2012). Also announced its intention to order multiple AWACS aircraft and the A-100, which are at the development stage. Bought and three passenger Tu-154. In the area of special purpose aircraft will be purchased two observation aircraft Tu-204ON and more 2-encompassing machine intelligence Tu-204R.
The question remains with a light military transport aircraft after the actual closing applets IL-112V, but as we can judge, Air Force plans to announce a tender for the purchase of up to 100 of these machines.
Formation (Frontline) aviation
Announced purchases for tactical (tactical) aviation is also very diverse and voluminous. The main platform will be purchased fighter fighter fifth generation T-50 (PAK FA). Planned construction of 14 experienced and pre-production samples of the T-50 and the purchase of 60 production aircraft (about 2016). As insurance and more than a cheap candidacy applets T-50 Air Force fighter acquire generation «4 + +» Su-35S — contracted 48 aircraft (four delivered in 2011-2012), then an additional 48 probable or purchase 72 Su-35s.
Along with them are purchased and «Russified» export version of the Su-30MKI (Su-30MKM) in Russian derivation received index Su-30cm. Air Force contracted for 30 aircraft (the first two were put in in 2012), in the upcoming probable delivery before 30 cars. In 2010-2011, the Air Force received four Su-30M2 and Su-12 27SM3 made of groundwork for export Su-27/Su-30, but their new supplies, apparently, is not provided.
Most massive procured under SAP 2020 aircraft will be frontline bomber Su-34. Already contracted for 129 cars, 15 of which transferred to the customer. This may be the acquisition of at least another 18 machines. Finally, mention should be made on plans for 12 Su-25UBM.
Intensively zatarivaemsya jet trainer aircraft Yak-130 — by mid-October 2012 received 18 production vehicles ordered and is still in production 49, likely to purchase of at least 10. For elementary education students are not excluded acquisition piston Russian Yak-152 or imported from other countries turboprop.
Intensively conducted procurement and contracting combat helicopters. In general, this issue has not been possible to avoid the classic Russian Armed Forces raznotipitsy, resulting in three different troops come standard attack helicopter. Thus, particularly after 2008 there has been a steep slope almost monopoly Mi-28N, which planned to buy up to 300 units, and unit acquisitions of Ka-50 and touched 12 Ka-52 «for special units» to the predominance of the Ka-52.
If the Mi-28N to the true amount of time contracted in the 167 series helicopter (of which in 2008 supplied about 45 machines), the Ka-52 entered service in the amount of 180 Air Force units, and this is without reservation for the Navy. Seems to change favorite justified bringing a greater degree of the Ka-52 and the impossibility of the 1st «Rostvertol» fulfill the entire order the Air Force in terms of taking into account the applicable preparing large export contracts for Mi-28E. In general, by analogy with the state of fighter aircraft, these two applets to hedge the purchase of Mi-35M (another derivation of the Mi-24), which contracted in the amount of 49 cars from them in 2011 delivered more than 10.
Significant efforts are being made to upgrade the transport helicopter fleet. In significant quantities zatarivaemsya languid transport Mi-26 in the contracted quantity of 38 units (since 2011 delivered 6). In general, likely to purchase 60 of these helicopters. Remains the best-selling Mi-8 different versions — all expected to purchase up to 500 cars, and in 2011 conducted the procurement rate of up to 50 units per year. It is clear that only the JSC «Kazan Helicopter Plant» has contracts from the Ministry of Defense to supply up to 150 Mi-8 MTV, various modifications of the period 2011-2020, of course, such that approximately the same order will be located at JSC «Ulan-Ude Aviation Plant» and, possibly, to be followed by new contracts.
In large quantities means to buy and light helicopters. So, planned to acquire 36 Ka-226 (already received 6), up to 70 «ANSAT-U» (since 2009 delivered 16, 2018 contracted 32 helicopter), and up to 100 cars Ka-62 (a refreshed version). Specifically in this sector will be presented more clearly imported from other countries standards, likely because the purchase of up to 100 or even 200 units (most likely manufactured by Eurocopter), the main training.
Despite the active procurement of the latest technology, the Air Force shall be removed and not from upgrading the existing fleet. She will undergo virtually all types of standing armed combat and transport vehicles. 14-16 will modernize strategic bombers Tu-160 (two rate per year, starting from 2012), and 30 strategic bombers Tu-95MS and distant 30 Tu-22M3 bombers. Need to be redone 20 An-124 machines and 41 military transport aircraft Il-76 (IL-in option 76MDM).
Continued modernization of bombers and reconnaissance aircraft Su-24 and Su-24MR number over 100 (upgraded more than 50), and about 10-ka reconnaissance aircraft MiG-25RB. As you know, in 2003-2008 converted 55 Su-27 Su-27SM variant, it is believed that there are prospects for improvement still a certain number of machines. Continued modernization of MiG-31 interceptors to the MiG-31BM (and its improved version), their total number will reach 120 units (by the end of 2012 will be improved more than 25 cars). Undergo modernization and Su-25 — a variant of the Su-25SM, whose total number will reach 120 units (upgraded more than 50). Clear and fleet modernization program there AWACS aircraft and the A-50 (option A-50U) — The number of improved machines will reach 12 units (first A-50U has adopted the Air Force).
Plans to modernize its fleet of MiG-29 is not announced, it likely will not be executed.
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
With all of this together with the procurement of manned aircraft, of course, be acquired and UAVs. On this day, it is clear about the projects assembly Israeli tactical UAVs (since 2012), the acquisition and assembly of Israeli MALE-UAV (not before 2013), the establishment and production of a wide palette of UAVs with a takeoff weight of from one to five tons (not before 2015 year) and the creation of shock jet UAV (Minimum 2018).
Voiced on this day provides for the purchase plans 56 battalions of S-400, 10 battalions of S-500 air defense missile systems division 38 «Vityaz-defense», 3 battalions of S-300VM4, an unnamed number of promising AAMS «Morpheus» and up to 120 combat machines ZRPK «Armour-C.» Upgrading to undergo S-300PM and S-300V.
Air Force 2020
Composition of the Russian Air Force in 2020 for the optimistic scenario will consist of more than a thousand combat aircraft (see table).
Feeble hand promising plans
As seen from the above plans, the Russian Air Force in 2020 will be very different from the Air Force in 2012. Increase significantly fraction of the latest technology and of course, that the integral capacity of the Air Force significantly enhanced.
At the same time, attention is drawn to the lack of (which is likely to remain for a long time) or complete absence in some categories (yet) modern aircraft weapons, especially missiles «air-air» active radar-guided «smart» bombs missiles and satellite correction also compact Brimstone missiles or JAGM. The most feeble element looks promising plans to establish the feasibility of projects and adoption of different classes of UAVs, first huge.
There is a missing otrabotanom many new types of modern aircraft, which, for sure, will continue for a long time that in the future could jeopardize danger feasibility plans to purchase a certain number of aircraft specifically to 2020. Certain difficulties for promising species Force will be a significant number of types and modifications were armed with planes and helicopters.
Despite the sharp increase in performance LG 2020, still remains the scarcity of resources, lack of industrial capacity, there is the risk of economic and political uncertainty, calling into full swing fundamental feasibility plans re aviation and air defense until 2020.