Reconstruction Belarusian Augustow Canal over a year earlier. According to official data, it took about 40 billion rubles.
It was planned that the inhabitants of the surrounding villages in the end get the job done — will be engaged in tourism business. However, while foreign tourists per channel do not move, and the locals have not changed lifestyle.
I’m on the August channel.
First year, as there is no border area, people from the town to find a place to stay, and from May 1 through the channel strolls little steamer — especially for tourists. Side to reach the village of canopies.
It has long been forgotten by the village is quiet, gentle breeze murmurs unblemished rivulet small church on a hill. People on the street to be seen.
I went into the yard to the most senior person in Colette — Jozef Olshevskogo him in ’81. Emperor Joseph says that in his barn cool, where you can talk.
Reporter: "Mr. Joseph, and why your village called Caleta?"
Olszewski: "Drove here once long one person, and there near the lake lost manetku, which was called kaletka. From this manetki title and went to our village. "
Joseph Olszewski — the old inhabitant of the village of Caleta
Reporter: "People do not see in your village. Do you have youngsters?"
Olszewski: "Actually, quite a lot of young, in This year Only two school graduates, as well as the elderly, all were old. "
Emperor Joseph knows that their village is not even farm, collapsed after the restructuring, even the cattle in the village, no one holds. Do not have them, and shops, only a couple of times a week comes autobench.
By joining our conversation sovereign neighbors Joseph — Dmitry Sadkovskaya th Sigmund Drozdowski also people of retirement age. They saw that the house braked unfamiliar car, stopped to ask.
Sadkovskaya: "There is almost all seniors — what to do here? Only three people from the village work: one channel, removes one, there where he wasand the school, and the gamekeeper. And yet, there are no people. "
Reporter: "Maybe now your life will change, tourists come to feed?"
Drozdowski, "What Tourists come here … need hotels, restaurants … And so it — will come and sit on these shores? Yet while there is no criteria to European tourist was driving."
This year marks 180 years since the construction of the Augustow Canal. He joins the Vistula and Niemen, has more than 100 km from their 80 pass through the area of Poland. And on it goes along Grodno 3 borders: the Polish, Lithuanian and ours. And in all three countries through the channel can be accessed by aqua.
At the gateway Dombrovka
This is a real monument of hydraulic engineering. He began to build during the Russian Empire — Prussia then appointed enormous duties, it was necessary to find a new trade route to the Baltic Sea.
However, soon Prussia highest customs duties terminated, commercial transportation began through a metal road, but still Augustow Canal completed before the end and was used for business purposes.
Sadkovskaya: "I remember walking in Poland here steamer."
Reporter: "And who vorachivaetsya here?"
Sadkovskaya: "Who? From Grodno either of Druskininkai, who sailed in the evening."
Reporter: "And what do tourists here?"
Sadkovskaya: "And he’s not stopped, he sailed in August. A channel our ancestors only wood floated, dragged back up, either in Poland, maybe in Germany."
Reporter: "What happened in your village in September 1939, when the Bolsheviks came here. Remember how they came to your village? "
Olszewski: "These were the people like animals. First time they came in the ninth year of 30, the same with anything not a number. Looked — not present calluses on his hands, means you sir, and a bullet in the forehead."
It turned out that the Bolsheviks had been in Colette’s only two weeks, and later left the village, and then myastsilisya German border guards and police. The German government held Colette until 1944, until the Bolsheviks came back again.
After the war, everything changed, and even the people at the cemetery Colette began to haul in Sopotskin and not in Miklashevich that were closer, though, but on the Polish side. Relatives nobody. Many went to live in Poland. Me about it says Joseph Olszewski.
And I ask: for what authorities still live it easier?
Olszewski: "When Brezhnev people lived perfectly: each had a penny sale. And how was the revolution, the people are ruined …"
Reporter: "And in Poland, when the Germans?"
Olszewski: "When the Germans who had not much money. Well and Poland too poor lived, wages had no land weak, many people. Only caught fish, mushrooms collected in Poland was hard to live."
Joseph Olszewski has complained that receives a small pension — 190 thousand, and the wife — 113, although a lifetime work. He adds that it is not even interested enough, because life ends.
And I’m on the other side of the Augustow Canal — Nemnovo village. Here is the biggest gateway, and then flows into the Neman channel. Standing next to the gateway — beauty on the other side someone brought papasvits stallion and nibbling grass near tied ladybug.
I come to wish Augustow Canal Museum, which is housed in the former home guard channel. It is a small room with a different old things. Alexander holds me Zazhetski, which is currently lives in this house. His grandfather and great-grandfather worked on the canal, and his father, along with its neighbors in the 1980s vorachival it.
Reporter: "Sasha, tell me, who thought up the channel to make the museum?"
Zazhetski "Tadeusz Urbanak — it is our neighbor, was the grandson of Ivan Luksho, last guard channel. He is survived by certain documents, namely, hydrometric books that led grandfather. Was still here Robert Sarnowski from Warsaw, and they swam 1996 channel and made the first map. You see, they hang out. "
Alexander Zazhetski — holds personal Augustow Canal Museum
Reporter: "And this, surely some part of the mechanism of copper?"
Zazhetski: "This is the mechanism of the gate. Here there are copper sleeve, which were still covered with felt, so that the door opens and did not creak. And now for some reason did not make such sleeves, and just wood, metal …"
Reporter: "I see some things not directly related to the channel?"
Zazhetski: "We have decided in this museum still show life of people who lived and worked here.’s Found a collection of irons, as carbide lamps — she took advantage after the war."
Emperor Alexander knows, afterdny guard at the gateway Nemnovo Ivan Luksha wooed channel even when he did not pay for it, because the channel was not used.
And in the middle of the 1980s Ian Zazhetski together with friends for their money kurkuls repaired water regulator, and this is then reported to the Belarusian and Polish newspapers. Channel absolutely want to return, but closed their society — afraid that will drive tourists.
Memorable character on the August channel. Lukashenko Uvechnenae name only and not those who restored
Reporter: "How, in your opinion, repaired channel? What is his future? "
Zazhetski: "first, the August channel needs to be done as planned — that he was a monument of architecture and came under the protection of UNESCO. And when the monument will be infrastructure, then time will tell it must More. Why, because at the moment people come to look at the water only, but so it was 20 years ago … "
Alexander Zazhetski says that even his father said, as 1939 Nemnovo almost every Sunday there were festivals, brass band, a lot of people came out of the town, even sold ice cream. And now here nowhere to buy even water.
Sasha, like his father, lives and works in Grodno, in the same enterprise. To channel it always pulls. I asked, he would not want to stay here.
Zazhetski: "I came here with young people, as I live in town, I see that there is something changed, but live constantly keep farming … Surely, if he could not. All the same, I have another life, and I work in another area. "
We stand with Alexander on the street, and he offers to listen to some attractions that occurred in Nemnovo in different years.
Zazhetski: "In 1918, during World War Nemnovo lodged Cossack regiment, and one Cossack bet stallion jumped on the gateway."
And Sasha said as first second world war before the gateway flooded barge forge, which was transported from the Augustan. After the war, the Red Army someone gave a hint that this place Tipo have hidden gun. Those tanks pulled barge forge and got a lot of spare parts suitable for the channel, but they are rapidly lost, pilfered people home.
But to us at the man. Sasha says that this is one of the members of his father — Peter Sergei, who participated in the reconstruction of the channel in 1980. He had already retired, lives near.
Reporter: "Mr. Peter, as in most cases it was used channel, if he acted?"
Sergei: "barge in here many not swim, but the tree took in rent and floated to Kaunas."
Peter Sergey — inhabitant village Nemnovo
Emperor Peter mentions that in the postwar years the village was emptied rapidly: many went to Poland, and others, so as not to go to the farm, running away in Grodno. Well, at the moment he does not see the future for their own village — a few houses survive the elderly. But when the Poles, he says, many people come here to relax.
Sergei: "Even alcoholics were brought here from Svyatsk."
The former estate of Count Volovich in Svyatsk after World War I and until 1939 was One of the most recognizable in Europe clinics where healed from alcoholism. Patients were brought here from Europe. But what did they do, these drunks here?
Sergei: "Well, that didand — drank vodka. And then immerse them in the carts so driven back. And people only bottles after they were collected. "
Here it is necessary to finish the conversation — started pouring rain. Emperor Peter ran without even saying goodbye, untie his cow, and Alexander fled the house. And I, too tarnished, get in the car, food along the canal and return to Grodno.
Steamer "Neman" on the August channel. Promise that once he goes to the Polish Lithuanian Augustów Druskininkai through Grodno