Are the Belarusian authorities to give more freedom to the business?

Officials say the intention to make a better legal environment for business development. Can this be considered a configuration in state politics? How to explain the contradictory attitude of the authorities to private businessmen? What motives — economic or political — are at the basis of such a policy? Participants: economist Leonid Zlotnikov lawyer Sergei Balykin.
Can we expect economic liberalization?
Valery Karbalevich: "In the near future all officials often proclaim the need to give more freedom for entrepreneurship? Sam Alexander Lukashenko at the spring in the National Assembly with a message to the people of Belarus, sharply criticized the government for creating bureaucratic obstacles to business development and claimed to remove them. Managing Department of Business Department of Economics at the Council meeting Lihachevsky Enterprise Development noted that the configuration in preparing legal documents that will make easier the development of business and entrepreneurial associations encouraged to make suggestions.
Why is there such statements? How serious? Can this be considered a configuration in state politics? "
Leonid Zlotnikov: "It is clear that economic conditions have deteriorated in Belarus, increased prices energoelementy. Contributing to the budget, the economy should be more effective.
Discussion of economic liberalization on the official level are long. For example, after the 2001 presidential elections the media knew of municipal development criterion is not bad for business. But these promises have not been realized, because they contradict made in the country’s economic and political system. "
Sergei Balykin: "For 13 years of Lukashenka’s rule at the official level there are discussions about business development. Here and now such statements. But in fact everything is opposite. Especially or not on purpose, but we have suppressed business. Authorities are urging individual entrepreneurs to become legal persons. For many of them it means the collapse of their business. "
Why such a contradictory attitude of the authorities to personal businessmen?
Karbalevich: "Defining indicators of business to business can be considered a personal attitude of the authorities to businessmen. C one side, forbade them to have employees. Minsk authorities threaten to eliminate those kiosks in the streets that still remain. On the other hand, nedavneshny presidential decree makes it easier to create a unitary enterprise. So is there any clear line here? "
Zlotnikau: "I would like to look at this dilemma extensive. In the 2nd article plainclothes Code noted that the government controls the economy in including and personal matter, in favor of society. And entrepreneurs should not work on personal interests and the interests of society. Here it is an ideology that is the basis of government affairs for business. Same case for business and for the most part of our society.
Because we businessman is dependent on the government. Social system in which the first place to put the public utility is incomparable with market relations, the existence of free businessman. "
Balykin "Presidential Decree number 760, which prohibits personal businessmen have hired workers, puts the existence of the business on the verge of defeat.
However, Lukashenko issued two decrees, which should facilitate the work of individual entrepreneurs. In 1-x, this decree of simplified procedure of taxation.
And, in-2, this decree number 302 of the simplified procedure of creation of a unitary enterprise. This second decree good. But it does not improve working conditions for personal business. The decree contains contradictory provisions that call into the swing of it practical implementation.
The main thing is that personal businessman who goes to the status of a legal entity, the conditions worsen own work. He then not be able to buy food for cash. For these products it will need a document that no one in Russia it will not. He needs to be on the border with Russia represent a statistical declaration. He will be required to maintain records and bugaltarski else. "
Balykin: "Power belongs to the business as a secondary and a foreign element"
Karbalevich: "What explains this general negative attitude of the authorities towards the small and medium-sized businesses? We we see, that even in countries with rigid authoritarian regimes (for example, in China or Vietnam, where the Communist Party kept control), a small business has a tremendous amount of freedom. Why Belarus differently? point here commercial interests pro-government lobbying groups who behold the small traders in rivals? Or here is dominated by the political background, the authorities are afraid of the free layer, independent of the country’s people? "
Zlotnikau: "There is a big difference in the mindset of the drive wheels China and Belarus. But I do not agree that government policy is aimed at the liquidation of business in general. Our government business is needed, because it makes certain functions which should would make the government, if the business was not.
The country’s policy is to ensure that this business was subordinate authorities. But private entrepreneurs are difficult to control this. Moreover, they are may be basis for opposition sentiment.
Second problem. Private entrepreneurs are big business rivals. Products on the market cheaper than Magazyn. Because big business presses on power, so that she killed a small business. "
Balykin: "Here the complex circumstances. During 1-x, power refers to the business as a secondary and foreign element because of their own ideological assumptions.
And in-2, I agree with Zlotnikov of big business lobbying their interests to make personal economic conditions unseemly business. "
Zlotnikau: "Attitude to business resembles a wave. Who made steps towards liberalization. And tomorrow will introduce criminal acts for failure to businessmen as directors of municipal enterprises, predictive characteristics. "
Balykin "Liberalization may be but a small and fragile."
Karbalevich "So makarom, can hardly wait for the deepest configurations of power politics in relation to business. After all, freedom of entrepreneurship development in Belarus made contrary to the social model. But some partial liberalization under certain circumstances entirely probable. "

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