A senior manager of the Russian state export company «Rosoboronexport» said that Our homeland in 2014 to sign an agreement to supply China with modern Su-35, confirming the fact that the end of 2013 to issue this deal will not work. This is hardly the last word on the subject, as talks stretch since 2010, and early and contradictory statements on this subject we have heard before. But it clearly shows on intrigued of in such supplies. While enthusiasm for China’s latest generation fighter should be taught in terms of what it can tell about the progress actually Chinese military technology and strategy to solve territorial disputes in the South China Sea. If the deal goes through, it will be able to provide the most concrete impact on these disputes. Strengthening the power of China in the hypothetical nature of the conflict, the Su-35 with its range and fuel supplies will allow the Air Force of People’s Liberation Army of China to produce a long patrol in the disputed areas, as they have done to put pressure on Japan in the dispute over the Senkaku / Diaoyutai.
Su-35 — is far not the first car Sukhoi enthuse the Chinese military. As already reported in the pages of The Diplomat, Military extolled China Su-30MKK and its Chinese version of J-16, stating that this machine will allow them to project its power in the South China Sea.
In June this year, Chinese and Russian media reports pointing to an agreement on the purchase of multi-role fighters Su-35, but as no one considered official, as in Chinese and Russian media disk imaging whole year published a very controversial Materials. One Russian sources said the deal was accomplished, but the Chinese Defense Ministry flatly denied this statement. Yet, in January, the two countries have made conditions for supply of these aircraft, reaching fundamentally consent that our homeland will sell the Su-35 to China.
Remains a very important question of how many aircraft purchase PRC. Chinese newspaper Global Times said this summer that the group’s Republic of China visited Moscow to assess the Su-35, and that Beijing will start purchasing these advanced machines «significant quantities.» Does this mean that China will acquire more than 48 aircraft, as the press reported a year earlier? It is unclear. There is evidence that the negotiations last, and it shows a strong desire to take the Chinese military fighter Sukhoi.
Chinese aviation hitherto almost everything is dependent on Russia. Media attention focused on the domestic Chinese and development programm stealth fighter-bombers and helicopters. Improving the combat potential of the Chinese aviation was extensively vserasprostranennoy theme, and every month there are new reports about her program notes. Manufacturing and design capabilities within such aviation projects received significant development, but if you look «under the hood» and there we often see Russian engines. China continues to copy and steal Russian propulsion technology since the engines are very willing to create their own. In fact, the purchase of Su-35 does not constitute a change in the preferences of Chinese military command. Acquisition of Su-35 shows on something very delicate situation in which China has now appeared as a large customer and manufacturer of Russian weapons in the main sample. Self-reliance has always been a very important for Beijing, but it has eclipsed the need for a strategic acquisition frisky most modern weapons systems. According to the Stockholm Institute of international studies problems of the world (SIPRI), in 1991, China began to buy long-range fighters Su-27 (it is more ancient similar model Su-35).
Our homeland for completely understandable reasons, was unhappy when its main export product began to develop in China under the title J-11 without a license. Russian media earlier reported that Moscow has decided not to sell this machine, fearing that China will copy her and she starts to export loosening very principled position of the Russian Federation for the economic sector. It seems that at the moment trying to find the birthplace of Our balance between his dread of the Chinese copying and his desire (or need) to sell the gun.
Analysis of procurement of Su-35 based on the beliefs of the Chinese strategic needs and through the prism of current events, such as the recent territorial disputes and squabbles with neighbors, gives an accurate awareness of why China with the desire to purchase Su.
If you read just the Su-35 — is now the best fighter in the world without stealth features. In the West, has become a leading feature of stealth aircraft designs, but more important for Chinese needs other reasons. What else unexpected, such an indicator as an advantage in air combat, is not a major commercial advantage of the Su-35. This machine provides the Chinese military advantages over the F-15 and other aircraft having armed with their neighbors, such as Japan. But this modern Russian machine does not give China any special new skills in areas of conflict, for example, in the skies over the Taiwan Strait. There or near the land of the rising sun in the Senkaku / Diaoyutai can use huge amounts of interceptor aircraft and multi-role fighters like J-10. No advantage Su-35 at its faster speed and capacity of the fuel tanks. Like the Su-27, Su-35 was created to patrol the air space of the Russian Federation tremendous and to counter threats that arise far from densely populated urban centers. PLA Air Force faces similar neuvvyazkami.
One of these problems is the South China Sea. Its large water area of 2.25 million square kilometers, the Chinese claims, as reflected in the famous «strip 9 dashes» represent serious difficulties for existing in the PLA fighters. Currently, Chinese naval aviation fighter ground-based puzzles can do limited patrolling in the southern regions of the sea, but their supplies of fuel seriously limits the time such patrols. To enforce its own demands and claims to land in moments of crisis, China needs aircraft with such speed and range deeds what has Su-35. Maybe this car is just designed to ensure the territorial claims of China, to keep other bidders also make an additional tier of defense in case of escalation. And then most importantly fuel.
One principal advantage of the Su-35 over Su-27/J-11B is that he can fly with navesnoymi tanks. The absence of such tanks in the Su-27 severely limits his ability because he can not refuel in the air. A Su-35 can, and this is another important factor for the Chinese growth strategy residence time of performing combat tasks and range. This time is considered separately from the time of approach to the target and time return to the airfield. In general, there are three methods to increment this timeout. Small and less speed aircraft, such as the South American Predator drones and the rest may be in the air in continuous hours since their long wings and less weight due to lack of pilot. Two other methods — is to increase fuel capacity and refueling. In China, began producing program from aerial refueling, but it has not yet proved itself completely and is not currently designed for naval aviation. In the book «The Chinese aerospace power: the changing role of the sea» (Chinese Aerospace Power: Evolving Maritime Roles) a forecast that this programm will take effect during the period from 2015 to 2020.
Su-35 even with some internal fuel tanks has significant advantages compared with the Su-27, which can only produce hot frisky overflights outlets such as Cane saves and Scarborough Reef. That extra time that this machine can be carried out in the air, very fundamentally, as China wants to counter the actions of the Philippines and other regional players. Machine with such long range will be able to produce «show the flag» much longer, and will rapidly intercept Filipino aircraft in these areas. The Su-35 is superior in range and firing all Filipino and Vietnamese planes (well, vessels, Nor, for that matter), making conflicting territorial claims unacceptable.
Specifically, such a situation «fait accompli» China seeks to make, forcing Filipinos to Scarborough Reef and overflew the disputed areas in the East China Sea. Beijing wants to make the overwhelming Chinese presence in areas of their own territorial claims, leaving only competitor two options: to increase tension and to lose in the event of hostilities, or to agree to the continued presence of the Chinese military. Having the ability to make long flights over a significant part of the South China Sea, the PLA Air Force will probably intensify air patrols. This may lead to more frequent clashes in different locations will generate more opportunities for the emergence of minor crisis situations and will allow China to create new «facts on the ground», then to begin negotiations for a peaceful settlement. Such potential, coupled with the already large force of ballistic missiles and other weapon «deny access» gives Beijing trumps principle and acts as a deterrent to hostilities. China will be able to project its military power over a significant part of the area of Southeast Asia and ASEAN over the majority.
Aircraft with greater range is not only the force of terror that could stay longer in the area of performing combat tasks. Areas such as Hainan, more vulnerable to the impacts of cruise missiles and carrier-based forces than those that are placed behind the bristling palisade Chinese defense. Because of the dense zone of the radar coverage interceptors smallest range and massive anti-aircraft missile complexes tempting just to deploy aircraft in mainland China. But the Su-35, having a greater range, can fly without any particular problems of the inner continental regions to many places in the South China Sea.
Patrol aircraft Su-35 ground-based and long range is one of the best methods for maintaining the ability of China to prohibit access to these areas to other countries applying for them. This task becomes even great relevance at the moment when the United States announced their own plans to bring to the region F-35 aircraft, which are likely to be located on the principal bases in Korea and the Land of the Rising Sun.
The U.S. and its allies may see a discrepancy in ability between obsolescent aircraft and is sending F-35. But China is rapidly removes the old standards of art weapons, upgrades and more modern system tries to get newer planes. The Su-35 is an important step in this direction.
The Su-35 can not perform at par with the South American F-22. But the number of these machines slightly, and the risk of their introduction is small, and therefore the Su-35 for some time will exceed every available in this region airplanes. Although the Su-35 has even more versatile than the Su-27, the commonalities between the Su-35 and more than earliest machines Dry means minimizing effort on the system logistics and retraining of pilots. This, in turn, increases the life of the state to the operation and use in combat. It is unclear where exactly will be used Su-35 — in the PLA Air Force or naval aviation. But if they are stationed at the air base in Guangdong Suysi becoming a member of the 2nd Division, with headquarters in Zhanjiang (v / ch 95357), these machines will complement the Su-27, is already based there. Another lucrative option is a naval aviation base in Lingshui, Hainan Province (it is known that there in 2001 made a critical landing South American spy plane EP-3. Su-35 may vary based there at the current time and increasingly outdated planes J-8B.
Used in the development of the Su-35 technology will benefit the Chinese aviation, but still a big benefit is that they will do puzzles for deterrence in the South China Sea. Deployed there at the present time forces of China and without that are capable of causing significant damage to enemy capabilities, such as the Philippines. This country can not effectively resist the territorial claims of China, not owning combat-ready Air Force and Navy, which include own composition priemuschestvenno former U.S. Coast Guard cutter built 1960s. Since Sukhoi own greater range for combustible and can refuel in the air, they are able to stay longer on combat patrol and make the interception, acting in the framework of territorial claims. And if you look to the future, the combination of the Su-35, available on the armament of the Chinese fighters lowest range, advanced anti-aircraft missiles, ballistic and cruise missiles, long-range will allow to make a strong, deeply layered defense system to defend China’s claims that discourage other states hunt to intervene in case of a conflict between China and its neighbors.