The program flight tests promising aviation complex tactical aircraft (PAK FA) T-50 moves completely successful, but our plane before adopting more far. With all of this final technical kind of fighter to be formed in a couple of years after entry into service. The reason for this can be partly considered destructive 90s, garbage DIC 10 matches years ago, the lack of reliable production facilities. But all difficulties can be overcome.
Now in the program of flight tests of T-50 flight uchavstvujut four layout, and before the end of 2013 it should join the next plane. All tests are conducted relatively well, as can be judged from public sources. But that not everything goes smoothly, after the fact evidence: 4 aircraft role in the flight program there airshow «MAKS-2013» held in Zhukovsky near Moscow in late August, took only three «50s».
They showed for the first time to the public group flight, the average figures and aerobatics, including flying in formation, expansion, barrel loop and the legendary «Pugachev’s Cobra». But initially it was planned that the sky will fly over Zhukovsky all four layout promising fighter — they had to show the figure of «diamond». In general, and in the «truncated» group aircraft proved beautiful, especially in single programmke aerobatics demonstrated by test pilot Sergei Bogdan.
Difficulties can be overcome
Why airworthiness program there were allowed only four aircraft, remains a mystery. Company «Sukhoi» or decided to reserve one for an extended test applets (on 4th layout T-50 set a new avionics, including radar with active phased array N050), or some reason could not make the flight to reference a promising fighter demonstration flight.
» Despite the fact that the PAK FA, since MAKS-2011, three years doing public flights, the project is still classified «
Indirect indication of the fact that in the process of implementing development programs from the T-50 «dry» faces all kinds of difficulties, is another postponement of the decision on fighter weapons. In the process all the same air show «MAKS-2013» Russian Air Force Commander Lt. Gen. Viktor Bondarev announced that T-50 entered service only in 2017.
Earlier, the Ministry of Defence stated that the T-50 will be commercially available in the army in 2015, but later revised this term and called the latest date — 2016-th. If after a year or two military suddenly announced that the T-50, the first Russian fifth generation begins to enter the army in 2018 or 2019, should not be surprised. In general, categorically assert that the PAK FA bad, you can not. According Bondarev, Air Force will receive the first flight of T-50 standard for testing in late 2013. Well, by mid-summer of this year all the flight models fighter performed more than 500 flights.
And read that programm moving in strict accordance with the original plans, is also impossible. Suffice it to recall that back in 2010 stated as if in 2013 the center of Lipetsk combat deployment and re-training of flight crews receive the first 10 prototypes of T-50. At this point you can confidently assert that it receives. At least since the 10 machines are not built. In iron, there are only 5 T-50, approved the construction of the sixth plane, and the remaining four PAK FA reliable disk imaging unavailable.
These fully understandable difficulties are partly due to the devastating 90-mi years when, due to the collapse of the Soviet Union, the need for the latest forms the economy, and then large-scale military crisis applets were actually collapsed. The victims were fighter projects 5th generation MiG-1.44 and Su-47. In general, some developments, acquired in the process of creation of the latter, has been applied in the design of the PAK FA. Namely, the production capacity of Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Factory do not yet allow large-scale production of the T-50, this will require significant investment.
In addition, in the 90’s there has been a considerable lag Russian electricity industry, the result of which was long the design and creation of new electrical systems. Because of this transceiver modules onboard radar T-50 is now available on more than one of the companies of the developer (in this case — Tikhomirov NIIP), and by the piece on Enterprise «Istok» in the suburban Friazino. This piece-creation makes the whole system more expensive and bad for the timing of production, although the radar for the aircraft indicates promising stunning property.
In general, of the whole project, it seems, all terms corresponds only weapons for aircraft, developed by the company «Tactical Missiles». Some missiles for the new fighter aircraft ready to pass the tests, and the other is on the terminating stage of development. With all this all promising ammunition awaiting permission to conduct tests on board their own media. Such tests could begin before the end of 2013. Meanwhile testing of new weapons can be carried out only on the Su-35.
No fully defined with clarity and so called power plant a second step for the T-50. Currently, the latest models of aircraft, and later the first serial standards, making flights by engines AL-41F1 («Article 117»), to a large extent aligned with power plants AL-41F1S («Item 117S») Su-35. Later, if all goes according to plan, the T-50 will have its own engines fifth generation, which is known as the «Type 30». For these engines to work are actually in the embryo up to the end of 2013 OKB Cradles should only complete the engineering design of power plants and produce techno documentation required for the production of core demonstrator and motor.
It is expected that development work on the project «Type 30» will be completed in 2015-2016. But keep in mind that the novelty of power plants and their technological complexity will require painstaking bench and flight tests. According to various estimates, the new Russian fighter propulsion fifth generation will see only in 2025-2027 years. In power plant design comes several steps: the development of low pressure compressor, a gas generator, high pressure compressor, combustor, high pressure turbine, a low pressure turbine, augmentor, and nozzle.
All these difficulties are not officially confirmed, completely overcome and the Government about their acquainted. In any case, during the development and adoption of the state armaments program for 2011-2020 was foreseen not only finance the purchase and development of new weapons and military equipment in the amount of 20 trillion rubles, but also to conduct research and development activities, the modernization of the defense industrial complex and the rejuvenation of personnel. On the last point of additional planned until 2020 had spent more than 3 trillion rubles. In general, economical constraints, which are opposed to the current time Russian authorities can make some adjustments to these plans.
But on the whole attitude of the Russian authorities encouraging. Among the positive factors include a huge outdoor and authorities, namely, the War Department on the issue of municipal defense order granting municipal loans and guarantees on debt obligations of companies in the Russian military-industrial complex and the willingness of direct monetary role in risky but fundamental for the country’s defense projects.
In the meantime, a promising Russian fighter (60 aircraft already zopoluchilo Ministry of Defence, the Air Force need for machines such as T-50 is estimated at 150-200 units) clear slightly. Despite the fact that the PAK FA, since MAKS-2011, three years doing public flights, the project is still classified. Unidentified neither technical nor promising flying characteristics of the machine.
Earlier officially reported just a few fighter uses stealth technology, and its design is widely used composite materials. Plane begins to differ highest intellectualization board will be able to take off and land on a runway length of 300-400 meters and do combat tasks in any weather and time of day. Russian fighter will also be able to make super-maneuverable and cruise at supersonic speeds.
The main difference from the T-50 fighters will be more languid presence not only primary radar, and side and rear survey of active and passive radar. These systems will provide an overview of the fighter groove. Armament will be able to hit air targets, not only in front, and in the rear hemisphere. Receive all the necessary information about the traffic situation T-50 pilots will be able to thanks to the latest data on the system display monitor helmet. Creation of such a system is engaged in research and production enterprise «Zvezda». New helmet for the system is developed on the basis of a protective helmet ZS-10.
Fighters and sixth generation UAVs
Interestingly, although the work on the project fighter fifth generation is still far from over, Russian defense industry complex has already begun to establish a sixth-generation fighter. Anyway about this in late August, said last Russian Air Force Commander Gen. Peter Dejnekin. With all this, he still noted that «jump through the generations we are unlikely to succeed,» and means, prior to entering the sixth-generation aircraft troops Air Force will have to master the fifth. Test pilot Sergei Bogdan submitted that the creation of a sixth-generation combat aircraft will end no earlier than 15 years. «It would seem that technology is developing quite rapidly, but still a fighter from the fourth generation to generation fifth passed 35 years» — said Bogdan, noting: despite the fact that promising fighters will be unmanned, manned aircraft still live long . What will be the sixth generation Russian fighter is not yet clear. U.S. Department of Defense refers to the sixth generation combat aircraft capable of flying without a pilot at hypersonic speed (over Mach 5, about 5.8 thousand kilometers per hour), also operate in areas with a total or partial denial or restriction of maneuvers.
Except reports of the sixth-generation fighter development, and curious that the company «Sukhoi» languid shock develops unmanned aircraft, which will be applied in the technology promising aviation complex tactical aviation. This was at the air show «MAKS-2013» in Zhukovsky said the president of the United Aircraft Company Misha Pogosyan. Mass new attack drone will be about 20 tons.
It is not excluded that the drones will be used only control system, composite materials, stealth technology and some technical solutions to the fuselage. Some experts suggested that the «dry» create a smaller version of the unmanned fighter T-50, although the need for such a decision raises a lot of questions. Empty weight T-50 was estimated at 18 tons, and the largest take-off — 37 tons. In general, it’s unclear what purpose can be applied so big drone instrument and what it will bear.
In case of a successful project impactor Russian drone aircraft may be the most languid percussion device such class in the world. Thus, the currently used percussion Yankees UAV MQ-1C Grey Eagle, controlled via satellite, can carry a gun and detectors with a total mass of 450 kg. Most take-off weight of such devices — 1.6 tons. Strategic intelligence apparatus RQ-4 Global Hawk, capable of operating at high altitude for 28 hours, does not carry a weapon. Its maximum takeoff weight — 14.6 tons. Israeli drone impact Heron-TP (in the Israeli Air Force, he is used by the index under Eitan), comparable in size to the Boeing 737 passenger liner, weighs 4.7 tons. It can carry a gun and a total mass detectors Up to 2 tons, stay aloft for up to 70 hours and do fly at speeds up to 370 km per hour.
«Dry» engaged in the creation of shock drone under a contract with the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, signed in July 2012. The project involved the Russian Aircraft Corporation «MiG», previously designed his percussive drone «Skat». For the Russian Defense Ministry is also developing unmanned hammer weighing up to 5 tons and tons of weight up to intelligence. Last with 2 projects involved companies «Falcon» and «Transas».
Eventually, we can say the following. Development fighter fifth generation is very crucial for the Russian Federation is not only because of the need to maintain the aircraft fleet, the Air Force at the highest technological level. This project will allow to obtain and develop technical solutions, which then form the basis of promising projects, including drones and isrebiteli sixth generation. He will provide an opportunity to more actively promote Russian science and support the economy through the creation of jobs, as exports of new combat aircraft. According to the «Dry», global demand for combat aircraft in the Russian fighter fifth generation is about 600 units. 200 of them buy in India in a joint project FGFA (the creation of a fighter for the Indian Ministry of Defence on the basis of the T-50), 200 — Our homeland, and the other 200 boards will be supplied to third countries.