Place Krulevschina not call perfect.
Lots of it grayish. On the wide dusty streets dominated structures built of concrete slabs and silicate brick. Grayish home grayish shops, grayish House of Culture.
The only thing that raises sour landscape — snowman shown in box House of Culture. Snowman mestechkovtsev congratulates the new 1990.
My companion, the occupant Krulevschina, young ethnographer and future historian Constantine, explains to me why do not match the name of the city and the station.
Constantine: "This is quite vserasprostraneno in the province. So, for example, has a title Palevache station and not watered Parafyanav instead Parfenava, Sharkavshchyzna instead Sharkovshchina."
Reporter: "And this is not some subconscious protest pretending that we remember who we were up to 30 ninth."
Constantine: "I think not. Just 30 ninth when Russian authorities came, they created tracing Polish names and all. Krulevschina was a small railway station. Several paths and a pair of houses stood.
And later, in the twentieth year, when the Poles came, began to build the house for the railway, erected a temple, Jews settled, opened their shops, pharmacies, two restaurants.
And the railroad in comparison with the locals fared much better. Everyday putseets earned PLN 180 and PLN 300 switchman. Peasants — that they were paid two zlotys per day. "
Reporter: "As I understand it, something similar at the moment and saved."
Constantine: "Yes. Salaries and wages driver milkmaids in different times."
Oksana Demidovich, which This year Krulevshchynskuyu graduated school — people in Belarus and once rare and everyday. Oksana, the girl attractive and smiling, as most of the graduates chose to test the Belarusian language. But passed the tests, but few people in Belarus.
Reporter: "You are a rare person in Belarus. How you score points?
Krespandent: "And what do you Belarusian language, which many already buried?"
Oksana: "I wanted to pass specifically Belarusian language. Belarusian language in the village still lives. From whom it was taken. A Russian … This step-something. Grandmother I love. ‘Cause …"
Reporter: "Do you think she will capture positions in the same town? Either she had no prospects?"
Oksana: "I hope that she will live. And I believe that she will live. It seems to me that we, Belarusians, not to let our language remained exclusively in verse any writers."
Reporter: "You have done somewhere?"
Oksana: "Yes. In Vitebsk medical institution. "
Reporter: "In medicine BelMova absolutely not necessary."
Oksana: "I do not know. I think she needed everywhere."
My conductor Constantine has its explanation popularity Belarusian language graduates.
Constantine: "This is a good knowledge of the Belarusian language is related, most likely, not patriotism, and the fact that there is such a stereotype that whiteRussian language easier to learn. And who teaches well, that is fine and rents. But it is very professional woman. "
On the background of Russian civilian architecture structure Krulevshchynskaga depot glyadyatsa real masterpieces.
Reporter: "And these buildings depot …"
Constantine: "Lined up by the Germans. In World War II. Veda, when it was built, the Germans and some locals had read:" Build perfectly still smash us, this building is for you. "
Far away from the depot lives Czeslaw Adamovich Budrevich. 82-year-old man did not look old. Highest, slender, wiry. 30 In the ninth Czeslaw was 14 years old.
Czeslaw recalls that year as the worst in own life. Although his family, we can say lucky. Expulsion from their father rescued profession — machinist.
Adam Budrevich ran trains that were taken from the circles fists osadnikov, border guards, teachers and other unreliable element.
Czeslaw: "In the ninth year of 30, came as a" brotherly hand "fell as — well, let’s sharstsits. Who said the word, can not be — all there. In Arkhangelsk, Kotlas drove. Who did not like. This one.
Second. They are scum, such Stalin ordered, and maybe stalyanyaty … Hats with rip off heads. Aha! Missing hat looks — Warsaw or Poznan, Krakow. Famous shoe factory. Undeniably, without anything … See, the person goes in the header — everything. Kotlas, Arkhangelsk and Siberia. "
Reporter: "Has anyone in Krulevschina vorachivalsya after?"
Czeslaw: "Nobody. More than forty degrees below zero. And they were driven carriages, such boxes. And in these trailers tsyaplushak have not been fully. Abrashochanyya hatches. Door on the latch. Planks from beaten pryladki such — and all for sending people.
They then grabbed their midnight. Some clothes and gave nothing. Burst, bayonets breaking open the door. And in these trailers. Dovezut to Polotsk. Come under the door, knocking. "Frozen, died there? Discover."
Reporter: "30 for the ninth year in Western Belarus was worse than … "
Czeslaw: "What Teuton. Was not scared, and when the Germans. Teuton Well, I — it was a Teuton. And that in fact they are our brothers were listed. And it worked."
In his declining years Czeslaw worried that that horrible truth about 30 ninth gradually forgotten.
Czeslaw: "Do not love the truth. And especially not ours, but … 30 In the ninth, he came and filed a brotherly hand, what happened? These were taken and sent to the place of Russian people. Saratov, from Kuibyshev. Everywhere. They do completely did nothing. Homeless were homeless. And they put bureaucrats. We do not trust anyone. "
Listening Belarusian elderly whose lives were in the worst hour, I always could not help comparing them with the new generation. And always make sure that the progressive — does not mean young.
Constantine: "Most young people here are actually interested in nothing and did nothing. No such, that draws the picture or wrote poems. Drink more at the local disco. Buhalovo always here. Is that a pair of break-dance Maltsev doing everything. And the rest of the youth here zero. "
We went to visit one of those young people who are "zero" should not lust. Ruslan Krupski, who is still enrolled in school, dreams of becoming a railway worker and live in his native Krulevschina. Among lambs it without the help of other masters breakdance.
Reporter: "You are doing break-dance?"
Ruslan: "Yes. Modern dance. "
Reporter: "And how many people in Krulevschina …"
Ruslan: "Engaged? 6 Man."
Reporter: "Why do you lures specifically modern dance?"
Ruslan: "His expression. Everything else does not appeal. Wish stand out."
Reporter: "And just to sit with a beer …"
Reporter: "Do not you curious?"
Ruslan: "No. Self-determination is with us."
Reporter: "You develop this dance without the help of others, or you have a teacher?"
Ruslan: "No. That’s buy videocassettes — competition. Battle sorts Sale there. Buy, see what movements. Movements teach. Its something come up."
Reporter: "And what to do with himself here people your age?"
Ruslan: "Nowhere. At the disco only."
When I was in Krulevschina, could not go to the nearby village of spindles to Sergei Kachan — the brother of writer Konstantin Sharks. Old farmer, I thought, showed a special joy.
Sergei: "I thank God for his help very much nuzhdavsya. True, he sent, possible was to send 100 bucks, how many times sent parcels. Well, then do not agree with my views. "
"About what you had an argument?"
Sergei: "I have been going for communism, and he in Belarus. Indeed he even read Lukashenko."
Reporter: "Are you, by the way, my brother will be able to then-nibudt pitch."
Sergei: "I lived well. His help is not very needy. If he does not write to me."
Reporter: "How do you think that is why he took such a nickname? Shark? "
Sergei: "What can he not fond of communism."
Reporter: "Shark capitalism?"
What will end the dispute siblings gentlemen Kachan and Sharks? That overcome on this earth — communism or Belarus? Who will live, who will have a look.