The strategy of combat is now more space given to fighter aircraft, with «shoulders» which lays down the establishment of no-fly zones, suppression of enemy air defense and maintenance of ships and aircraft. For this reason the fraction of aircraft in the world trade instrument is almost 50 percent. «Lenta.ru,» calculated fighters were armed in the world, and made the top 5 most of favorite aircraft.
The main task that should do the fighters for a long time including the protection of ground targets from enemy aircraft, the conquest of the air, support the military and civilian aircraft and aviation least — strikes against ground targets. Now fighters are becoming more functional, able to apply effective blows both aviation and ground infrastructure for the enemy. With all of this if you previously were considered defensive fighter type of weapon, but now they are increasingly in use as offensive.
The total amount of fighters were armed in the world, estimated at 16-16,5 thousand units. Referred to as broadly recognizable F-22 Raptor and Su-30, and on rare IAI Nesher and Atlas Cheetah. The rankings frequent combat aircraft in the world we used public data of the International Institute for Strategic research, database and portal Flightglobal MiliCAS GlobalSecurity at the end of 2012 — beginning of 2013. Was used when calculating the average index number of fighters capable of at the present time do fly.
F-16 Fighting Falcon
South American fighter F-16 Fighting Falcon was developed in the first half of 1970, performed the first flight in 1974 and was adopted in 1978. Currently, he is the most flying aircraft in the world: the number of airworthiness of aircraft of this type in the world has 2325 units. In the past 3 years the total number of F-16s flying in different part of the Air Force, did not actually changed. Fighter aircraft operators Fighting Falcon are 36 countries, including the United States, United Arab Emirates, Pakistan and Taiwan.
The aircraft was built by conventional aerodynamic configuration. In the 1970s he became one of the first jet aircraft, which was used in the construction besperepletny cockpit canopy. F-16 the greatest take-off weight of 19.2 tons is capable of speeds up to 2,4 thousand kilometers per hour and do fly a distance of up to 4.2 thousand kilometers. Fighting Falcon combat radius of 550 km. Fighter resettled 20 millimeter cannon M61 with 511 rounds ammunition, and 11 suspension points for missiles and bombs a total weight of 7.7 tons.
F/A-18 Hornet was developed in the U.S. during the second half of the 1970s, made the first flight in 1978 and entered service in 1983. In the first half of the 1990s, this warplane undergone thorough modernization and now released under the symbol F/A-18E/F Super Hornet. Now such aircraft type in the world, there are 1012 units as the basic version of the Hornet, and upgraded Super Hornet. Over the past three years the number of such aircraft in the active part of the Air Force operators decreased by 15 units due to write-offs of obsolete versions of the Hornet.
Operators Hornet and Super Hornet are eight countries, including the United States, Australia, Finland and Switzerland. F/A-18E/F fighter aircraft built by conventional aerodynamic configuration. Its maximum takeoff weight is 29.9 tons. The aircraft is capable of speeds up to 1,9 thousand kilometers per hour and do fly a distance of up to 3.3 thousand kilometers. Super Hornet combat radius of 722 kilometers. Aircraft armed with 20 mm cannon ammunition for M61 with 578 rounds and resettled 11 suspension points for missiles and bombs with a total mass of up to eight tons.
Fighters F-15 Eagle, made in the USA, in the modern aviation, as the previous two planes came from the distant 1970s. Plane such type made first flight in 1972 and entered service in 1976. In the ranking of «Heathcliff» it occupies the third line by the number of airworthiness trucks: 869 units comprising the Air Force 6 countries in the world — the U.S., Israel, the Land of the Rising Sun, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and Singapore. Over the past three years the number of such aircraft in the world increased by 12 units: South American producers have put the F-15 zabugornye customers naikrupneyshim of which is now Saudi Arabia.
F-15 fighter initially designed as a combat aircraft gains advantages in the air, but later on it was created based fighter-bomber F-15E Strike Eagle. The aircraft was built by conventional aerodynamic configuration and its maximum takeoff weight of 30.9 tons. It is capable of speeds up to 2.7 thousand kilometers per hour and fly at a distance of 5.6 thousand kilometers. Fighter combat radius is 1.9 thousand kilometers. F-15 resettled 20 mm cannon ammunition M61 with 940 rounds and 11 suspension points for missiles and bombs total weight up to 7.3 tons.
Development of the MiG-29 was carried out in the USSR in the second half of the 1970s; First flight of the aircraft did in 1977, and the Air Force began to flow in 1983. Now the Air Force 27 countries in the world have in common difficulties 863 applicable to airplane flight of MiG-29. Namely, flying such fighters make the Russian Air Force, Algeria, Belarus, Iran and North Korea. In 2010-2012, the number of such aircraft in the world fell by 74 units. Reducing the number of MiG-29 fighters associated with the write-off of this type in Western Europe, crossing over to NATO standards, and general obsolescence of the fleet.
MiG-29 is made in the normal aerodynamic configuration. Its maximum takeoff weight of 18.5 tons. Fighter capable of speeds up to 2.5 thousand kilometers per hour and fly at a distance of 2.1 thousand kilometers. Combat radius of the MiG-29 is 740 km. Fighter armed with 30-millimeter cannon GS-30-1 with the ammunition at 150 rounds also resettled family hanging points for missiles and bombs total weight up to 2.2 tons.
The MiG-21 is the «old» combat aircraft in the rating «Heathcliff». Its development was conducted in the first half of the 1950s; First flight of the MiG-21 were performed in 1956, and began to come into service in 1959. Notwithstanding own age, and it still remains necessary to plane; the creation of spare parts for it also produces copies modernized MiG-21 (under the designation J-7) is now engaged in the Chinese aircraft enterprises Chengdu. Air Force of the world at the present time have 787 fighters MiG-21 (not counting the Chinese copies).
Aircraft type make such flights in the Air Force 23 countries, including India, Cambodia, Croatia, Mali and Zambia. Over the past three years the number of such aircraft in the world fell by 45 units. In the coming few years there will be even less — from the MiG-21 want to get rid of the Indian Air Force, a position 152 such fighters.
MiG-21 is designed for conventional aerodynamic configuration and has the highest takeoff weight of 10.1 tons. Fighter capable of speeds up to 2,2 thousand kilometers per hour and do fly a distance of 1.5 thousand kilometers. Combat radius of the aircraft regardless of the version is about 400 km. MiG-21 is armed with 23-millimeter cannon GSH-23L 23 mm caliber ammunition with 200 shots. The aircraft also resettled five suspension points for missiles and bombs with a total mass of up to 1.3 tons.
Iranian fighter Azarakhsh («Lightning») rating in «Heathcliff» not hit, but he deserves a mention for several reasons. In 1-x, at the present time it is the rarest combat aircraft were in service — now make a total of 11 flights fighters such type. They are all listed in the Air Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran. In-2, is the most leisurely in production fighter in the world. Its mass production started in 1997, which means that the average rate of release Azarakhsh constitute only 0.7 aircraft per year. In the end, Azarakhsh is a transitional link from the South American F-5E Tiger II to the Iranian Seaqeh («Thunder»).
Azarakhsh development began in the first half of the 1990s. He created the Iranian aircraft manufacturer HESA based F-5E. In 1997-1999, planned to collect and put into service 30 fighter aircraft Azarakhsh, but by 2001, the Iranian Air Force received only six such aircraft. Technical properties Azarakhsh keep Iran in secret. It is clear that in the first half of 2000 on the basis of this aircraft Iran made a new fighter — Saeqeh. Last batch production started in 2008, and to the true time Iranian Air Force received eight such aircraft.