On the last day of spring the South American Defense Ministry published the latest information about the project Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II. Plans to implement this programmki recently been revised and some time moved to the left. So, in December 2015 will be formed the first squadron of 12-24 aircraft F-35A. With this programm reaches the stage of IOC (Initial operational capability — «Initial operational readiness») and the U.S. Air Force to eventually appear first efficient division, armed with new fighters.
This news can be interpreted in different ways, but the main conclusion imposes itself. After many years of design, assembly, testing and other work plane F-35 is approaching to start this battle stations. Despite all solved and available prepyadstviya, Air Force of the United States and the company Lockheed Martin continue the work of the new fighter and do not even think renounce him. New fighter fifth generation now at any cost will be brought to the brain and built a large series.
There are several different kinds of explanations. Prerequisites to continue the project relate to its different sides and they can be found both positives and negative. But ultimately beneficial effect on a new project managed to outweigh the difficulties. F-35 aircraft continue to fly and assembled at the office «Lockheed Martin», and the U.S. Air Force as before taking measures necessary for their present life. Let’s try to find out what the United States needs this plane and why the project, with all its shortcomings, is unlikely to be closed.
Reverse no road
In recent years, yet created a new F-35, from all sides it drizzled different kind of criticism. Enumeration of all the defects in which blamed a promising fighter, take a lot of time. With all of this in the early stages of development, when they started to do the first reports of troubles in the project, there was a proposal to abandon the development of «Lockheed» in favor of another aircraft. United States Air Force did not go to such measures, and continued funding for the F-35.
F-35 Lightning II
As a result, the true time fighter F-35 Lightning II is the only South American project aircraft in its class, useful for the start of this operation in the coming years. If the Pentagon listens to «hotheads» and considers the existing unsolved prepyadstviya reason for cessation of work, then the creation or processing of at least some other project (for example, Boeing X-32, developed directly from the F-35) will take a lot of time that will have clear consequences immediately for several types of troops: the Air Force, Navy and USMC.
It turns out that one of the main advantages of the F-35 today — the lack of alternatives, due to the appropriate choice of the military department. As a result, comparison of 2-projects created during applets JSF (Joint Strike Fighter — «Unified Strike Fighter»), was elected more promising future F-35, and his opponent in the face of the X-32 of «Boeing» made up a list of rejected prototypes.
Objectives and attitude towards them
You can read about the long-existing and correct deficiencies or dilemmas Project F-35, but still have to admit one thing clear. Donating time, energy and money, the Pentagon and Lockheed Martin to continue to fight neuvvyazkami. Identified shortcomings, to the best of one’s abilities, fixed, although the fight with some of their requests special effort. Fortunately, the developers of the project, most especially big problems was identified and eliminated at the stage of testing the first prototypes. As a result, in case of any defects in fighter built serially, rectification, likely will claim no meaningful effort.
In the context of problems applets F-35 is worth noting the availability of disk imaging on progress. Pentagon and «Lockheed Martin» often publish the freshest data on its work, identify shortcomings and measures to address them. Completely may be that such an approach particularly in the light of events and became one of the prerequisites to a negative reaction to the project on behalf of some of the okoloaviatsionnoy public. It’s no secret that at least some new airplane has a mass of «childhood diseases», which is necessary to correct for a long time, while from time to time this fix lasts and after the commencement of operation of serial machines. These two factors can in some measure explain the prevalent negative attitude toward the F-35 project.
According to the most recent data, the Pentagon will buy nearly 2450 new F-35 fighters in 3 versions for various purposes. From their 1763 cars will be built in the F-35A version and sent to serve in the Air Force. 353 Fighter F-35B will give Marine Corps, and the remaining 260 aircraft will join the ranks of naval aviation forces. So Makar, the number of F-35A aircraft for the Air Force will surpass the total number of fighter-bombers used in the current time.
But the «land» and carrier-based fighter F-35A and F-35C will replace only available countless art, and within a certain time will serve along with it. A completely different situation is observed in the Marine Corps aviation. The only attack aircraft Commission in the current time is the McDonnell Douglas / Boeing AV-8B Harrier II. With all of this in the ranks is about hundreds of such machines, it is not enough for effective mass support troops from the air. So makarom fighter F-35B with short takeoff and vertical landing aircraft will be a real salvation ILC.
In the end, it is worth noting the presence of the F-35 series of new systems to enhance its combat effectiveness, comparability with promising controlled weapons. Ultimately, it appears that the F-35 Fighter Lightning II, regardless of the modification is a complicated and expensive, but highly effective fighting machine capable of in the near future to displace all of the troops obsolete aircraft and combat capability to provide the Air Force, Navy, and the Commission for the next decades.
Minor design flaws, etc. problem of the F-35 continues to identify hitherto, and South American military department considers it. The result of attention to similar things is constant adjustments to the plans, particularly evident in the early stages of the project. In recent years, the planned timing of the addition of another element or applets hardly move because the recent news about the time of bringing the aircraft to a state IOC attracts attention. She says that being intensively Eliminating defects and its rates are higher than previously thought.
Practically speaking, all announcements, appearing as the project F-35 definitely had read that the Pentagon is confident in his own choice and wants to equip the Air and naval forces, as Marine Corps aircraft of this particular family. As regards the timing and prices all applets, in the light of the difficulties of modern aircraft and related systems, they do not look something very great, although all this is fully capable of becoming a cause for dispute. Example — multiple disputes in Congress over the proper funding of the project.
In the current time lasts errant design improvement and perceptible improvement systems F-35 fighters, the assembly line are new production machines and South American military establishment on a permanent basis publishes new reports on the project. Supporters of the new aircraft, in turn, continue to assert its necessity in numerous disputes with opponents and not least fervor promote their point of view. Yet the Pentagon has long made their own choices: fighter Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II — be.
Naturally, for this end of all planned activities and processes will need to additionally had spent a certain amount of time and some money. But the costs of money and time seem satisfied customer. So makarom choosing between expensive long but promising project and the least overhead, but not yet available, the Pentagon took the most obvious, though not a cheap solution. He is ready to sacrifice means and shall be removed from the economy, but for all that want to get a promising technique with broad capabilities. Making such a choice, you need to be sure that the costs will be justified. South American Department of Defense has severe reasons for continuing work, and they obviously outweigh any reasons against the continuation of applets.