Acclimatization and artificial resettlement of game animals

Muskrat. The first experiments on the resettlement of game animals in the Sverdlovsk region began in 1930, when in remote areas — and Garinsky Taborinsky, was brought from the Solovetsky Islands Party muskrats in the amount of 78 animals. Prior to that, the muskrat in the Sverdlovsk region are not met. In 1935 in the same area Garinsky been released yet 169 muskrats, and in 1957 about 200 individuals — Krasnoufimsk area in the basin. Ufa. Further spread of this species on the territory of the region was carried out by intraregional settlement. During the period from 1930 to 1980. land in the Sverdlovsk region released 10 841 muskrat. Intra-settlement of this kind lasted until 1992

This experience proved to be successful resettlement. Already in 1937 in some districts started harvesting muskrat. In the late forties of the last century muskrat playing an important role in the total harvested in furs. In 1949 it was harvested 46 000 muskrat pelts. In the early 60-ies of this kind already held the third place in the gross volume harvested in furs. In 1962, it produced about 100,000 pelts muskrat.

Beaver. About 200 years ago beaver was widely distributed in the Sverdlovsk region. But by the early 20th century, as a result of excessive fishing, the small population of beaver preserved only in remote tributaries Pelym. Artificial resettlement of beavers in the Sverdlovsk region began in 1953 in Alapaevsk area Yansaevka River (which was later established State Game Reserve) released 21 beavers imported from Voronezh State Reserve. In 1957, from Voronezh Reserve was brought 22 more beaver, which was released in the area of ​​the river Ivdelsky Atymya and seals (basin. Pelym). In the same year, 51 of the Bryansk region beaver was released in the Shali district of the river Vogulka (basin. Sylva). Starting from 1959 to 1981. beavers released almost every year in different parts of the region — Ivdelsky, Irbit, Turin, Taborinsky, Pyshminsky, Talitsky, Novolyalinsky. Artemovskii, Sysertsky, Tavda, Nevyansky, Serov and Nizhneserginsky. The last batch of 40 specimens of beavers was released in 1986. In total for this period — about 1000 beavers.

Starting from 1966, is actively working to intra resettlement of beavers, which are mostly caught in the Shali district, where after the release of a large party in 1951 beavers rapidly multiplied and populated the most suitable land. Double beavers for urban resettlement caught in Talitsy-com area. Total for this purpose in the region caught 450 beavers.

Work on the resettlement of beavers in the Sverdlovsk region have given very good results — Beavers quickly settled almost all rivers are suitable for their habitat, their numbers began to increase sharply. In the 1968-1969 season. in the Shali district, and then in other areas of the region, began fishing beaver. In 1989, its population was about 16 000 individuals, and production reached 1 590 head. In the early 90-ies. Beaver ranked fourth in gross furs harvested in the area.

American mink. The first issues of this kind in the Sverdlovsk region were conducted in 1934 and 1935. During these two years Taborinskom area of ​​160 animals were released. These issues have been unsuccessful — mink tracks in the area was found. However, given the small population and the inaccessibility of the area, it can be assumed that the traces of their life just does not catch the eye of researchers.

Since 1952, there were 15 editions of the American mink in the Shali, Karpinsk Severoural’sk and other areas. There were resettled about 700 minks. As a result of these issues the American mink is widely spread throughout the region and began to displace aboriginal European mink. Issues of the American mink brought some results — in 1959 it was produced 370 mink (though unknown — European or American). In the 80-ies. last century harvested about 2 OOO mink a year. In 1987 it was prepared more than 2800 skins. The number of mink in 1988 amounted to about 8 000 individuals. In the early 90-ies. Mink took third place in the gross volume harvested in furs. The bad news — as a result of population growth and wide dispersal of a larger and stronger of the American mink, the European mink in the area almost completely disappeared.

Sable. The purpose of the issue of sables in the Sverdlovsk region was an attempt to add value to local populations of fur animals. It was assumed that the dark East Siberian sable improve the quality and color of the local fur sable. In 1940, 1949, 1950 and 1953. in the northern districts of the region it was produced 226 sables caught in the Irkutsk region (the Baikal region). In the first years after the release of a number of captured sables indeed there was some darkening of the fur, but soon procured quality skins was the same again.

Maral. There are reports (Sabaneyev, 1872), even in the 70s. 19 in. deer lived in the Sverdlovsk region, in particular in Polevskoy and Serginskoye forest cottages. But by the early 20th century deer in the field have not met. Attempts reakklimatizirovat deer were taken in 1959, when the Sysert district, in a specially constructed for their overexposure cage, was released five captive-bred Siberian stags. The following year, there are two maralenka. Maral have been released into the wild. But the fate of these marals unknown. After that red deer in the Sverdlovsk region imported only for captive content.

Musk deer. May 15, 1954 eleven labeled musk deer (seven pregnant females and four males) were issued for acclimatization in the southern part of the reserve «Denezhkin stone» at the foot of Stone Ridge fir ridge. The issue was carried out by order of the General Administration of Reserves of the Ministry of Agriculture and blanks the USSR against the unanimous opinion of the Scientific Council of the reserve and the Ural zone VNIIOZ station. In November 1954 it found traces of a four kaborog. In May 1955 on the mountainside «Zhuravlev stone» was discovered a litter of musk deer. After that, neither musk deer or their tracks no longer met.

Roe. Work on the resettlement of deer in the Sverdlovsk region began at the initiative of the Office of hunting. In 1965, the territory of the region was carried out Nevyansk two issues 9 and 12 goals. Subsequent editions were carried out almost every year until 1985 Roe released Nevyansk, Sysertsky, Bogdanovich, Pyshma, Polevskoy, Pervouralsk areas. Total for this period there were 50 issues, in which resettled 325 deer.

Despite the large number of released deer in the region, to talk about the success of these difficult issues. The fact that the number of deer in the area in 1965 (prior releases) was 10 individuals LLC. By 1988, the number of deer dropped to 6 500 individuals. Of course, keep in mind that the extreme weather conditions of winter 1966- 1967 biennium. caused a significant decline in the population, but to say that the issues have led to an increase in deer numbers or range expansion is not necessary.

One reason for the lack of efficacy issues were, in all probability, that the deer released in small lots, sometimes 1-2 individuals, usually without prior overexposure.

Kaban. Prior to 1969 wild boar in the Sverdlovsk region met. This year numerous meetings Artinsky boars were observed in the area where the boar entered, probably because of the Bashkir ASSR. In the 70-ies. boars repeatedly noted in Achitskom, Shali, Krasnoufimsk, Nizhneserginskiy areas. In order to faster settlement of the area in this kind of management of hunting wild boar will release — in the first batch of 30 animals were brought from Kyrgyzstan and released on the territory of the district Sysertsky April 14th, 1978 Edition was held without prior overexposure. In the area of ​​release posted dressing.

During the 1979-1980 biennium. It also released another 111 pigs imported from the Brest region and 60 — from Kabardino-Balkaria.

In 1981, 123 wild boar brought from Primorye Territory, in 1982, 44 wild boar — in the Smolensk region. Issues carried out in different areas of the region — Sysertsky, Kamyshlovsk, Alapaevsk and Turin. In just 7 years, was released 656 animals. Settling of the wild boar in the Sverdlovsk region was a success and led to the expansion of the range and increasing the number of this species. Already in the mid 80s. the number of wild boar in the area reached 1 000 individuals, and in 1991 — exceeded 4,000 individuals. Currently, wild boar is found on the territory of all the districts. Its number reached 19 000 individuals.

Hare. Work on intra-resettlement hare conducted by Sverdlovsk Regional Society of Hunters and Fishermen mostly for «rejuvenation of blood.» Trapping and releases birds in other habitats began in 1969 and lasted until the end of the 80s. the last century. Total for this period were caught and released 1 948 birds. Ka-Kie any data on these issues are not available.

Gray partridge. Issues in partridge hunting conducted as Sverdlovsk OOiR. Partridges grown on dicheferme built in Asbestovsky hunting lease. In 1987, 69 partridges were released in Rezhevskoy and Asbestovsky areas in 1988 32 birds — and in Rezhevskoy Talitsky areas in 1989, 73 partridges released in Kamensk-Uralsky area. Despite the fact that the gray partridges in the field of manufacture in the following years were marked, talk about the growth of this species as a result of these issues, unfortunately, is not necessary. Currently, work on acclimatization and resettlement of game animals in the Sverdlovsk region is not provided.

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