Butterbur RUSSIAN-Gunner

Butterbur RUSSIAN-Gunner

This giant grass with large rounded leaves — Gunner — can be found in gardens and parks


A ugunnery rough in her homeland in Oceania leaves can reach

6 m in diameter.

In Europe, this kind of multiple shallow, but the «leaf» two-meter diameter, will agree, too, is worthy of admiration.

Unfortunately, Gunnar can grow only in places where snow falls every year.

In our gardens can replace it with butterbur.

Butterbur genus belongs to the family Asteraceae (or Asteraceae) and has 18 species. All of them are residents of the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, most found on the territory of Russia. In the central regions of Russia, for example, there are about 5 types of butterbur. Their characteristic features — large or very large leaves on the upright stalks, threadlike surface roots, no leaves overlooking the flower stalk. These plants are capable of forming extensive thickets in moist places, often on sandy riverbanks.

In our gardens, grown mainly one species — butterbur a native of the Far East. Its leafy stalks reach a height

1.5 m, and the diameter of the leaves — 80 cm. Butterbur blooms in early spring, at the same time a mother and stepmother, whitish-yellow flowers, gathered in spicate inflorescence. The leaves grow after flowering. The plant is dioecious, so the seeds in our conditions, does not form. Propagated by rhizomes segments. In favorable conditions, completely replaces the other herbs and forms a continuous thickets.

What is required butterbur?

Pretty easy moist soil and full sun. He nepriveredliv to the fertility of the soil and can grow well even in the sand, provided sufficient moisture and proximity of groundwater. At the same time, the drier the soil, the higher the fertility and moisture content of the substrate. The amount of humus, by the way, directly affects the size of the leaves.

Not suitable butterbur heavy loam or dry barren sand with deep groundwater. Unacceptable as dense shade and the proximity of trees with powerful roots.

As butterbur plant and care for him?

The segments of rhizomes best seat in the late summer and autumn, until October. There’s also spring planting, although at first planted at this time the plants are stunted. Butterbur grows well on cultivated garden soil, but the size of its leaves depends on moisture. Improve the soil may be making large (8-10 buckets per 1 square meter) doses of peat. If the substrate is a specially prepared, the mixture is suitable turf earth, humus (peat) and sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 2. The optimum depth of the cultivated layer — bayonet spade.

The good news for those who want to plant butterbur may be his ability to completely suppress the weeds and grow for many years without supervision.

You can even neglect watering, although in this case, the severe drought of its leaves will droop. But this is normal and there are no consequences for themselves does not entail. On the other hand, water can be fed butterbur without restrictions. Thus it is advisable to water the root, so as not to dilute the excess moisture, which is so fond of slugs, eats holes in the leaves of plants. Note that the thick shadow of butterbur is a refuge not only slugs, and their enemies — frogs.

The main thing to know is necessary and what has been said — butterbur growing large communities and tolerates no neighbors. Therefore, it should be planted where there is plenty of space and natural barriers for its excessive proliferation. These barriers are particularly dense dry soil and shade.

Butterbur very large size and its neighbors requires himself to be. Therefore, the standard areas it is often cramped. But a vast mansion, country house or the forest new settlements for him at the time. You can plant it in the woods or at the foot of a group of trees in the scenic rim.

Farmstead you will add natural course, if even begin landscaping with its neighbors neighborhoods. Options can be many. For example, if your home is located near the pond will look very interesting extensive thickets on the bank. You can take butterbur role of loyal soldiers mobilized to fight the weed thickets. Give him but will help a little bit, and he will fight and replace. And crude, overgrown with burdock and goosefoot trough can be seen from your window will be much more attractive if fully give it butterbur.

Arrays butterbur can mask unsightly elements of garden infrastructure, hide flaws and ennoble relief: gullies, pits, ditches.

An unusual city can become specialized butterbur. In a city where a lot of asphalt and stone, it can be planted in the windows of the paving. Here, by the way, it will not unravel. The same may be carried out on green in the center island avtorazvyazki. In both cases, butterbur capture all the available space, and then a foot. It looks very original, and virtually no maintenance.

The owners of one of the most fashionable restaurants in the roadside as an attractive highlight was put on the roadside boulder the size of a small cliff. I just «dreamed» that, instead of turf, which they arranged around open would look appropriate in scale thicket butterbur.

The same composition, but smaller sizes can be arranged in the inlet area of ​​private urban homes, cafes or office. In my view, such a «plot» of taste far more obscure than a bed with annuals. And what economy of forces and means stone, and he will remain a hundred years in the same stone, little changed over the years, and thickets of butterbur.


One of the most powerful herbs Russia — grows on Sakhalin Japanese butterbur leaves that reach a diameter of 1.5 m, and their petioles length of 2 m. This species is often found more solid thickets along streams and small rivers, usually on sandy soil. Landscapes, which involved a plant extremely natural, they are blowing the pristine savagery of nature.

Vladimir Smirnov

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