Vasily Surikov — the great Russian historical painter, but to say about him only that is not enough: in art Surikov embodied national genius. The value of his work is recognized immediately, but only with the passage of life when people acquire the experience, knowledge, develop intelligence, cultivate one’s spiritual wisdom. Comprehension of art Surikov equally joyful and difficult as comprehension of the poetry of Pushkin.
Among the paintings by masters «Boyar Morozova» occupies perhaps the most important place. It was shown for the first time at an exhibition in St. Petersburg in 1887 when Surikov has become a well-known artist, author of «The Morning of the Streltsy Execution» and «Menshikov in Berezovo Islands.» Nevertheless, the new product has caused quite a different response. Only three people appreciated the positive picture: the writer V. Korolenko, Garshin V. and art critic Stasov. General recognition came to her, almost to every masterpiece, much later.
When they want to understand a work of art, decide three questions. First, define what is meant by a picture. Secondly, he expressed his thought in pictures. Third question: what happened? What is the meaning and value of the product?
So, we try to identify the problem in the picture Surikov «Boyar Morozova». Let’s see what the subject of the picture?
We turn first to the Russian history of three hundred years ago. Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich pressure Patriarch Nikon had church reform, which ordered some changes, including in church ceremonies. For example, if earlier people were baptized with two fingers, now I need to be baptized by three. Such innovations have caused discontent among the people, transformed into a confrontation between the reform of the church, often to the point of fanaticism. Split. Those who did not want to obey the king’s decree, called the dissenters. Soon they began to brutally persecute — exiled, thrown into earthen pits or cellars with rats, burned alive. But the dissenters did not give up, among them were people of all strata of the population — from the peasants, the poor and artisans to merchants, nobles and princes. Some enjoyed wide popularity and great influence among the people. Such was the noblewoman raskolnitsey Morozova