The Communist Party and the Soviet Government attach great importance to increase productivity and reduce production costs in agriculture. These are the main ways to increase the total volume of gross crop and livestock production and to achieve an abundance of high quality food for the population and raw materials for industry. Faced agriculture challenge in equal measure to the beekeeping industry that by updating the material and technical base, development and introduction of new production technology, the use of more efficient forms of compensation and benefits you can provide a significant increase in productivity and achieve a sharp increase in bee products.
Among some of the experts there is still a misconception that beekeeping — malotrudoemkaya industry that does not require significant material and labor costs. However, the economic analysis indicates that the level of productivity and profitability of beekeeping occupies diversified economy is one of the last places.
The study of the annual reports of enterprises for a number of years gives grounds to assert that the production cost of one kilogram of honey in the state and collective farms in many cases reaches 2-3 rubles and more, which means that these farms beekeeping gives losses.
It is no accident that some managers are burdened beekeeping farms, and often stand in the way of the elimination of the apiaries.
What is the main reason for the low profitability, and even the direct loss of beekeeping in some farms?
The fact that apiaries produces very little honey per unit of labor input. Receive a season per employee annual 300 kilograms of honey — it means not even justify his salary, not to mention the coverage of other operating costs: the cost of feed, depreciation, transportation costs, and so on. D.
Therefore it is necessary so to increase production per employee apiary that each beekeeper has not only lived up to his salary and to cover all other costs of production, but also gave the economy a significant profit.
In order to achieve a sharp increase in honey production per employee apiary, it is necessary to increase the yield of honey from each hive. However, in some areas medosbornye conditions create a specific ceiling for the collection of honey bee colony. There is no other choice but to increase the number of families served by a beekeeper.
In the Russian Federation per worker accounted for only 50 families, and there are republics, where one member of the service only 20-25 bee colonies. Can these apiaries called public or state? And can we expect profitability under such loads beekeepers?
I had to visit industrial apiaries in several foreign countries and see how austerity beekeepers work there. Yes, if there is any beekeeper entrepreneur even think to keep for every 50 households in one year-round employee, so he immediately went bankrupt, and would, as they say, flew a pipe with his apiaries!
We also have leaders that allow the content of such dwarf apiaries and beekeepers have a conscience that allows you to work on them, get paid and still complain that it is small.
Currently, beekeeping is no task more important than the increase in labor productivity. In some areas it is possible to achieve a result of 100 kilograms or more honey average single family, and in others — only by maximizing the number of families of bees, served by one beekeeper in order to dramatically increase the yield per worker employed in our industry.
These important questions and should be the subject of close attention and active discussion the participants of this conference.
In order to achieve significant progress in increasing productivity and profitability of apiaries beekeepers, it is necessary, first of all, based on a detailed analysis of the current state of the industry to determine the correct organizational and economic ways to solve this problem and to work out new principles of construction and maintenance of apiaries.
In solving the problem of increasing the productivity of beekeepers large requirements for mechanization of labor-intensive work on the apiaries, the introduction of new equipment, as well as the use of improved tools and mezhpasechnogo vnutripasechnogo transport.
In our socialist beekeeping, unfortunately, it is still preserved many inherited from the past amateur practices in the care of bees, which are designed to service small apiaries. A large number of painstaking operation when working with bees in many cases impede an increase in labor productivity in large beekeeping farms and collective farms.
Therefore, the development and the development of new organizational service system apiaries, where one beekeeper should serve 200-300 families in different locations requires a major overhaul of the existing methods of the art care for the bees.
In our work, we can not ignore the experience zapvbezhnyx farms. In many advanced capitalist countries have accumulated considerable experience in high-performance system, the organization of production on the apiaries, which allows the beekeeper to handle up to one thousand bee colonies. And we should look closely at the technology and organization of big foreign beekeeping in order to take into account that there is a valuable and acceptable for us
We count on broad and active participation in the conference of beekeepers, district and regional beekeeping experts who can share their experiences in improving the productivity and make useful comments and suggestions on these issues.
The range of issues that we need to address very large. Essentially it comes to a radical restructuring of the beekeepers in the apiary. Even on a large apiary all the work is that in most cases is based on the techniques that worked out for many years by amateur beekeepers. They are filled with textbooks and manuals on beekeeping. It helped workers and academic institutions. If you follow the recommended directions in the textbooks, the beekeeper is difficult to handle, and one with 100 bee families.
Each of the participants can easily imagine how cumbersome current recommendations for the prevention of swarming, I will bring queens, their replanting, assembling families in migratory beekeeping, loading and unloading hives transportation to honey, for the sanitation, improvement of apiaries from diseases pumping honey processing sushi on apiaries how complex Pasechnaya record.
Above all these issues have a lot of work and workers of science and practice. It should be noted that we can not stretch for a long time their resolution implementing what is now available, it is necessary to improve methods and techniques, compare, consider exploring.
I think that the work on improving productivity should be used and the means Agrofond that exist in national and regional offices of beekeeping. It would be useful, for example, announced a competition for the best solution of certain issues the art care of bees, on the development of devices, structures and mechanisms to reduce labor costs, facilitate labor-intensive processes.
It seems that all is now quite clear that the collective and state beekeeping in our country should be put on a new track
And rightly magazine «Beekeeping» take a proactive, emphasizing the multiple effect of detention and other measures that improve productivity, reduce production costs.
We hope that this conference will have a major impact on the widespread introduction in the entire apiary, which will contribute to the successful resolution of this problem.