Pollination dry fodder biomitsin carried out three times, once every 7-8 days, spending it at 15 grams per family. At the same time we shook off the bees into the hive, biomitsin sprayed onto the honeycomb with honey, brood and bees remaining in the cells. This is usually done in the afternoon. After 7 days, the family examined and took into account the amount of honey and brood. We have found that in families treated feed biomitsin, the queen lays eggs more intensively than in the raw.
A particularly valuable feature of goat willow is that it provides nectar and pollen annually. In addition, it is resistant to bribery, even in unfavorable spring. In areas where there is willow Bredin, along with other types of willow, you can be sure of is that bee colonies are well-developed and zapasutsya fresh food. Quite often in such places ive bees collect from a few kilograms of honey. In apiary Moscow Agricultural Academy Timiryazev were cases when during flowering willow bee brought 1-2 kilograms or more of nectar in one day. Even in the far north, along the lower reaches of the Dvina, where willow Bredin generally the only honey plant, in good years it gives to 4 kilograms of honey bee colony.
Willow baskets and make an arc. Its bark is used for tanning. Often, it is decorated with parks, arrange hedges. Willows are very valuable for the afforestation of ravines, gullies, sand consolidation, landing around the apiary.
Beekeeping willow thickets valuable by the fact that they bloom at different times and give the bees a long bribes. In some cases, if the spring is favorable and the family wintered well, they can collect from willow even a certain amount of marketable honey.
The first place on the prevalence and abundance of the bribe must pay willow Bredin, or goat willow.
Bredin willow (Salix sargea) (Fig. 2) — a well-known high shrub or tree height from 2 to 6 meters. The leaves are wrinkled, large, egg-shaped, the edges volosistogorodchatye, dark-green, gray-bottom all felt. Earrings are large, sessile, up to 45 millimeters, with two stamens lemon yellow. Blossoms in the south in March, and in the middle lane in April. It is honey, especially in well-permeable soil with moderate humidity. Honey with her golden-yellow in the cage cream, fine. Medoproduktivnost thickets an average of 150 kilograms per hectare. Gray-yellow pollen.
Beekeeper FI Ayuchkin (p. Souzga, Altai Territory) also wrote that the apiary Altay dairy technical control hive and one of the last years during flowering goat willow after the exhibition bee April 9 g so the next day began to show a profit, and strong families in six days gave 13.5 kilograms of fine honey.
Willow Bredin, if it does not exist in nature, it is very suitable for single landings near the apiary. But we must bear in mind that the cuttings, as is the case for most of willow, she was not divorced, but only the sowing of seeds. Seeds ripen in early summer. Upon reaching their maturity as much as possible right now without plated termination on sowing beds, which are placed on a wet spot in the shade. Seedlings appear in one-two days. After a two-year seedlings transplant to a permanent place of their ranks must be protected from weeds.
After Bredin, most important for beekeeping, is eared willow (Salix aurita). This shrub reaches 3 * 4 meters high (Fig. 4), grows mainly in forests and moist place on any ground, avoiding a lime. Like this Bredin willow it spreads everywhere. It has small, obovate, wrinkled, clear jagged leaves, glabrous or slightly fluffy, below tomentose. Stipules large and shaped somewhat resemble ears, why willow and called eared. Useful in the spring to the same extent as the goat willow. Blossoms in April, ousting catkins up to 25 millimeters. This willow is particularly suitable for hedges, but it grows slowly. rv
Grey willow blooms early, before leafing, in March — April. It gives mainly nectar. It is used on coarse weave. Its landing is often used to strengthen the banks of rivers and dams.
Blackened willow (Salix nigricans) — tree or shrub of 4-8 meters; Leaves variable in shape from lanceolate to elliptic; flowers have two stamens and a nectary. Good honey plant. It grows on damp non-acidic soils in forests, forest edges, along the banks of rivers wetlands throughout the European part of the USSR to the Arctic, except the Caucasus and the Black Sea, and also in Western and Eastern Siberia. It blooms in April — May.
Willow aquifolium, red shelyuga (Salix acutifolia), a tree or shrub from 4 to 6 meters and more. The branches of the brown-red, very thin, flexible. Leaves are simple, linear-lanceolate, glabrous on both sides. One of the most common willow in the European part of the USSR (except the Arctic, the Crimea, the Caucasus), in Siberia and Central Asia. It grows in river valleys and river sands, forming large thickets. Frost-resistant and drought-resistant. One of the earliest. honey plants (March — April).
Willow trehmuzhnyaya or triandra for platnik (Salix triandra == Salix amygdalina), high shrub 6-7 meters. The shoots are thin, flexible, yellowish-green. The old trunks and shoots the bark is separated into thin slices, like patches (hence the popular name). Flowering after leafing. It has two nectaries and three stamens, rarely 2-5. This species is distributed throughout the European part of Russia and Siberia, except the Arctic, partly in the Far East, northern and eastern regions of Central Asia. "Good honey plant. Successfully used in the afforestation of gullies and ravines, the laying of protective plantings around ponds and reservoirs.
Purple willow (Salix purpurea), shrub up to 3 meters. Catkins bloom leaves a little earlier — in March — April. It has two stamens and a nectary, anthers purple, red stigmas. This species is common in the central and southern zone of the USSR, in the river valleys, ditches and meadows, singly and in groups.
In the Far East (Maritime Territory) are very important Thunberg willow, basket, dewy, Syuzeva.
Willow should be planted only where the bad work out other plants, although we must remember that for her the best soil — sandy-loamy, well-designed, loose, moderate moisture. In areas where there is no early nectariferous and pyltsenosov useful to put it along the rivers in the lowlands, the slopes of the ravines, and so on. D.
When cut cuttings cuttings 25 cm length of the branches as thick as a finger. During the multiplication of willow stakes cut down the strong branches of 1-2 meters in length and put in place immediately. The best time for cutting and felling of cuttings stakes — spring.
When planting a permanent place of seedlings sown ridges soil must first be loosened to a depth of 50 centimeters. You must observe the following rules: on dryish soil to plant seedlings is not deeper than they were prior to planting; Humidification — at ground level; on crude — above. Seedlings are sent by mail or brought from far away, can not be stored prior to planting is open to not dry up the roots.