«Habits» trichosanthes coincide with his fellow cucumbers, with the only difference being that it is a tropical plant, than, for example, Nezhin cucumbers. That is, it is quite capricious foreign guest. The optimum temperature for the proper development trichosanthes — + 25 and + 30 degrees.
If the temperature drops to 10 ° C, the plant stops growing when a degree below — dies. It is clear that frost trichosanthes not survive. In addition, it is very moisture-loving culture — the soil should be kept moist, and atmospheric humidity in the greenhouse should be at least 70%. Trichosanthes usually grown in greenhouses and under the additional film shelters. It is clear that this does not get insect pollinators. Besides flowers trichosanthes disclosed only in the evening that is quite inaccessible to the bees of our latitudes. So pollinate the capricious beauty have to manually (in the early evening the male flowers are investing in women).
We are preparing the ground for trichosanthes
This is not such a complicated matter, as it might seem, after all of the above. Just in time for the composition of the soil trichosanthes not picky, but loves to grow in permeable, well-aerated, fertile soils, sandy loam and loam, with a neutral reaction (pH 6 or higher). If the soil is heavy or sour, landing trichosanthes they need improvement. The plant requires a lot of sunlight, so the plant trichosanthes on well-lit areas of the greenhouse. Although the water-loving, is detrimental to plant high standing groundwater. It is noteworthy that trichosanthes not to sit in an area where previously grown cucurbits. But onions, tomatoes and beans are good precursors for the Japanese serpentine cucumber.
Having planned to land at this exotic cucumber, autumn, during digging, we must make per square meter 5 kg or slightly decomposed manure or compost 7-8 kg, 20 g of potassium sulfate and 30 g of superphosphate. Spring is well recommended podryhlit land and make per square meter to 20 grams of mineral nitrogen fertilizer. Then form a bed.
The capacity of the seeds for seedlings should be planted in the last ten days of April. Seeds are placed at a depth of 1.5-2 cm. Care is no different from the circuit care for any other cucumber seedlings. But we must remember that the temperature of the soil to germinate seeds should not be below + 20 ° C.
Transplanted in the greenhouse
In unheated greenhouses under the film coating seedlings transferred when the young seedlings turns 35 days, the best month and a half. Before transplanting the soil in a greenhouse to water the well recommended. When growing cordon plants should be planted in the garden in a row at a distance of 50-60 cm from each other.
Watered and fed
While trichosanthes not started to bloom, its watered every 5 days, you can even once a week, to irrigate requires 3-4 liters per square meter. During flowering and fruiting Japanese cucumber requires 7-12 liters (depending on weather) per square meter, every 2-3 days. Hose watering a plant is not recommended because the water jet can damage the delicate roots and leaves trichosanthes.
Need plant and makeup: 6-8 feedings necessary mineral and organic fertilizers (eg, a mixture of nitrophosphate and mullein). The first time feed up a plant at the time of the beginning of flowering, the latter — for two to three weeks before the final harvest. And during the fruiting feeding is repeated every 10 days (to 10 liters of water — a glass mushy Mullein and 2 tbsp. L. Nitrophosphate, water should be 5-6 liters of the composition per square meter).
Get them is difficult: even a dozen seeds, the size of a little more watermelon in a fruit trichosanthes — a rarity. Therefore, a lot of fruits seeds have to leave.