Management of construction and general supervision of Rostekhnadzor in 2009 compared with the previous year reduced by 10% the number of unscheduled inspections. This was at a meeting of the Public Council under the Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Supervision of the head of administration A. Gorlov.
According to him, the management of «constantly work to remove administrative barriers and anti-corruption, which reduced the number of unplanned inspections.»
He added that as of February 26, the Office received 431 application for registration of non-commercial partnerships as a self-regulatory organizations. Total SROs made in the state register 363 organizations, 200 of them — in the field of construction, 137 — in the design and 26 — in the field of engineering research.
As noted in the decision of the Council following the meeting, the work of registration of SRO «is conducted under conditions of transparency, openness, availability of objective information and awareness.»
However, the decision states that the need to harmonize the Town Planning Code of the Russian Federation, the Law 315-FZ and the Tax Code of the Russian Federation in terms of payment and the size of the state fee for entry of information about the organization in the register of SROs.
Rostekhnadzor checked the elevators in Novorossiysk
North Caucasus control rostekhnadzor sent a warning to the administration of the city of Novorossiysk, city management companies, maintenance organizations on the inadmissibility of operation of elevators that are out of whack, or used standard life.
Replacement and modernization of elevators, used standard life, were the subject of a series held in January 2010 in the administration of Novorossiysk meetings with representatives of the North Caucasian control RTN, economic entities, service and expert organizations.
Currently, the city of Novorossiysk management companies operated 542 lifts. Of these, 89 standard service life had expired in 2009, 76 in 2010 expires. Thus, for 165 elevators need to make an examination of industrial safety, followed by repair or replacement. For the period of diagnosis elevators will be decommissioned.
The average cost of repair of the lift is 130 thousand rubles. Replacing one elevator will cost 1 500 000 rubles. It is planned to replace the 19 lifts.
Actions Lower Volga management RTN recognized as legitimate
Resolution of the Twelfth Appellate Court Saratov upheld the decision of the Arbitration Court of the Volgograd region of 17 November 2009 on the refusal to satisfy the requirements of «Housing and Company» (Volgograd).
In March 2009, during a routine inspection of «housing office» conducted by experts of the Lower Volga management RTN revealed significant violations of industrial safety requirements in the operation of elevators in the housing stock of Volgograd.
In accordance with Art. 9.1 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation OOO «housing office» found guilty and imposed an administrative penalty of a fine of 20 thousand rubles.
Throughout 2009, various courts of «housing office» required to declare illegal and annul the decision of the Lower Volga management RTN. In January 2010, the Arbitration Court of Appeal Twelfth Saratov wine of «housing office» proved conclusively, and the actions of the Lower Volga management RTN recognized as legitimate and justified.
The head of the North Caucasian control RTN appointed Alexander Trembitsky.
Before the appointment, Alexander V. Trembitsky worked as head deparmu, Technological and Nuclear Supervision March 26 partment of Civil Defense, Emergencies and water relations of Krasnodar
RTN appointed Alexander Trembitsky. the edges.
How to prevent accidents during the operation of lifts
Moscow Department rostekhnadzor sent information letters on measures to prevent accidents in the operation of elevators to the Department of Housing and Public Utilities and Public Works and the Prefectural Administrative District of Moscow.
In addition, letters were sent to managers and owners of buildings and structures in which there are elevators, as well as those engaged in maintenance, repair and operation of technical devices. Instructions received and heads of educational institutions offering professional training in the field of industrial safety.
The letter proposes a number of measures aimed at the pre-pre-emption of accidents and injuries in the operation of elevators.
The letters sent in connection with a prior accident. Since 24 December 2009 on the lift, installed in the Federal State Unitary Enterprise «Management of office buildings,» the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, there was an accident with a fatal outcome. Killed Electrician Elevator Company PKP «RSU Granat.» The investigation revealed that the cause of the accident was the poor organization of works and violation of labor regulations and labor discipline.
January 10, 2010 in the passenger elevator installed in a building on the street Yuzhnobutovskaya, there was an accident. As a result of falling into the elevator shaft teenager was seriously injured. The investigation revealed that the cause of the accident was a violation of the rules of use of the affected elevator malfunction and auxiliary lighting of the elevator car.
Inspectors of the Central Directorate of Rostekhnadzor checked HBC «Birch»
Inspectors of the Central Management rostekhnadzor conducted a planned inspection housing co-operative «Birch» in Kolomna near Moscow.
The task of the supervisory measures was to check compliance with HBC industrial safety requirements in the operation of passenger lifts.
Employees Rostekhnadzor found that the Chairman of the HBC did not pass the training and certification requirements for knowledge of the rules of industrial safety. In both proven passenger lifts the gap between the door leaf and frame 10 mm (permissible value gap — 6 mm). Not hatches were locked to supply materials in the lift motor room. Covered with mud appeared cabin roof of one of the elevators, roller doors of the mine.
Inspectors have demanded from the management of HBC «Birch» to eliminate the revealed shortcomings and submit information on the elimination of any particular violation of the Central Management of Rostekhnadzor.
Novokuznetsk stopped work more than 60 lifts
On 20 November 2009 the South-Siberian RTN control is checked the technical condition of elevators and its compliance with the requirements of Federal Law №116 «On industrial safety of hazardous production facilities.»
In Kemerovo specialists of Supervision Department of elevating structures were examined 78 elevators, 77 of which were expired operation. Revealed 344 violations of the rules of operation of hazardous production facilities, carried out 21 suspension, imposed 14 fines totaling 45 thousand rubles.
On the proposal of the South Siberian control rostekhnadzor court suspended the work of a number of elevators in Novokuznetsk, owned by LLC «Novoiliynskiy Engineering Company» and LLC «Housing Management Company».
When checking 42 lifts under management of «Novoiliynskiy Engineering Company» (Novokuznetsk), identified a number of violations. Normative term of operation of the elevator is 25 years, for these lifts it expired in 2007-2008. Metal structures, catcher, buffers, ropes and lifts the brake system may have hidden defects that could lead to the fall of the elevator car. To detect defects, it is necessary to perform an examination of industrial safety. The safety devices may have hidden defects (corrosion scorching contacts cracks) that may cause motion with the doors open. Without examination of industrial safety and operational deficiencies elevators impossible.
Employees Rostekhnadzor found that diagnosis and inspection of elevators is not conducted, there is a danger to life and health.
February 10th District Court of the city of Novokuznetsk Novoiliynskiy material considered an administrative offense under paragraph 1 of Article 9.1 of the Administrative Code, in respect of «Novoiliynskiy Engineering Company.»
«Novoiliynskiy Engineering Company» tried to place the responsibility on others, but the court found these arguments unfounded. Company in accordance with the contracts for the maintenance and repair of houses has an obligation not only to ensure safe operating conditions common property buildings, including elevators, but get paid for it from tenants.
The court decided to suspend the operation of elevators since their actual suspension of activities from February 4, 2010 for 60 days.
February 8 held another trial in the same area of Novokuznetsk in the case of «Housing Management Company». Specialists of the South Siberian administration Rostekhnadzor found 23 elevators with the used standard life and have not passed the examination of industrial safety. The court found the company «Housing Management Company» guilty of an administrative offense under Part. 1 tbsp. 9.1 KRFobAP and sentenced to an administrative suspension of activity of dangerous elevators for 30 days, starting from 28 January 2010.
Starting suspended elevators will be made after the presentation of the South Siberian Administration RTN notification of elimination of all violations and inspections.
Hazardous production facilities in the mode of «one window»
In Mordovia the reception and delivery of documents for registration of GCO and licensing certain types of activities will be carried out in a mode of «one window».
January 13 in the Volga-Oka RTN control in the territory of the Republic of Mordovia signed an order excluding the contact persons to consider applications for registration of and issuance of licenses to the applicants. The transition to the new principle of operation was the result of the relevant decision taken at the end of last year on an extended operational meeting rostekhnadzor.
According to the innovations adopted in the Volga-Oka RTN control in the Republic of Mordovia, the changes have been receiving the materials and the procedure for issuing licenses and permits. Now, applicants can turn to specialists for advice in the formation of a package of documents for consideration by the management. When all necessary materials are collected, a set of documents, according to the attached inventory, you need to put in office. Review of materials and the decision to issue the document or return the materials for revision, as before, is limited to the regulatory time-bound — 45 days (licensing), 20 days (registration GCO). After this period, the address of the applicant will be sent a letter informing about the results of the examination of documents.
The procedure for issuing licenses and permits is carried out in the Office of Management without the specialist in charge of the consideration of the documents.
— The introduction of «single window» is aimed at reducing the risk of corruption licensing and permitting activities, — says the deputy head of the Volga-Oka Control Rostekhnadzor Oleg Ignatyev. — In order to receive a license for certain activities or to register hazardous production facilities in management is needed to provide a package of documents, including a list of certain documentation. Exception contact job seekers and professionals considering the materials provided, is aimed at preventing fraud attempts to simplify the applicants approved for all the scheme of work.
The results of testing of lifting equipment in the Moscow Institute of Physico-Technical Measurements
Inspectors of the Central Office of Rostekhnadzor conducted regular inspection of lifting equipment in the Federal State Unitary Enterprise «VNIIFTRI» (All-Russian Research Institute of Physico-Technical Measurements). The aim of the event was a supervisory audit of the Research Institute for compliance with industrial safety in the operation of technical devices (lifting equipment) at hazardous production facilities.
Rostekhnadzor inspectors have inspected the documents required for the safe operation of lifting equipment, and inspection of cranes, hoists and elevators «VNIIFTRI.»
Specialists of the Central Office of Rostekhnadzor found that certification in the field of industrial safety have not been head of the company, and. about. Chief Engineer, responsible for the implementation of production control and employees Research Institute, responsible for the safe operation with cranes and lifts.
The SRI is not designed the schedule of preventive maintenance for crane and hoist not determined the order of the training and testing of practical skills working for them crane operators and drivers. Do not set the order and periodic inspections, maintenance and repair to ensure the content of the crane lifting devices and containers in good condition.
In total, the report made Rostekhnadzor inspectors on the audit, were more than 20 violations of various rules and regulations of industrial safety, which will soon be eliminated FSUE «VNIIFTRI.»
FSUE «VNIIFTRI» is located in the village of Mendeleevo Solnechnogorsk district near Moscow. «All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Physico-Technical Measurements» has the status of a state scientific metrological center and is one of the main centers of the state standards of Russia.
A spokesman for the Central Management
Responsibility for the barriers to business
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev submitted to the State Duma a bill that proposes to strengthen the responsibility of public officials for obstructing business and other activities. The document proposes amendments to certain provisions of the Criminal and Criminal Procedure Codes of the Russian Federation.
As explained in the press service of the head of state, in Articles 171 «illegal entrepreneurship» and 172 «illegal banking activities» of the Criminal Code contains a reference to «violation of license requirements and conditions.» The uncertainty of the legal wording in relation to the actions of entrepreneurs and bankers, leading to its broad interpretation, and in some cases — to abuse. The bill President of Russia proposed to delete the wording of the two articles of the Criminal Code.
In addition, the certificate states that, since the analysis of law enforcement practice has shown the actual non-use of the provisions of Article 173, «Miss interprenership» of the Criminal Code, it is proposed to recognize them as invalid.
Article 174 «Legalization (laundering) of money or other property acquired by a person in the commission of an offense» of the Criminal Code, by contrast, is widely used unnecessarily. The absence of this article, specifying the target making ownership, use and disposal of specified funds or other assets leads to the fact that the person charged, for example, illegal business, if he commits any purchase further charged with Article 174. In this regard, it is proposed to present it in a new version that eliminates these drawbacks.
Contributed by the President of the bill contains a provision according to which the detention of persons suspected or accused of crimes that are not «ordinary» is permitted only in exceptional cases, since such persons remained at liberty pending sentencing, did not represent a great danger to the society.
The bill proposes to substantially clarify the wording of Article 106 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation «pledge» that will expand the use of this measure.
Vladimir Putin: to eliminate barriers to business, but to ensure protection against quickie
It is necessary to eliminate barriers to business, but to ensure consumer protection against low-quality products on the market. The task was set to specialized authorities, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin on March 2 meeting on measures to improve supervisory and licensing policies and government services in health and social protection.
In spite of the extensive system of state bodies and expert organizations, «the effect of their work is extremely low,» he said during the meeting the head of government. He believes that the opacity of the procedures for the registration of goods generates corruption schemes. However, there are a number of barriers to doing legal business.
— The first task — to determine where really need direct state control mechanisms which protect people’s rights should be used — said the head of government with the mandate to conduct an audit of services provided for a fee.
In most cases, says the Prime Minister, may go from licensing to notifications, ie declarations of quality in accordance with the requirements of the legislation while strengthening accountability for ignoring the set norms and commitments.
The new rules of business inspections
February 17, the State Duma adopted in the first reading a draft federal law «On Amending Article 10 of the Federal Law» On protection of rights of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs in the exercise of state control (supervision) and municipal control «, the press service of the lower house of the Federal Assembly. The document is aimed at improving the organization of state control (supervision) and municipal control.
Commenting on the bill, the chairman of the Committee on Economic Policy and Entrepreneurship Yevgeny Fyodorov said the continuation of the State Duma «on improving legislation to support the development of entrepreneurship and eliminate unnecessary administrative barriers.»
Successful enforcement practice 294-FZ, which came into force on May 1, 2009, «revealed the possibility and the need to develop further the important mechanisms for the protection of business from administrative pressure,» said the deputy. The law reduced the administrative barriers in the field of state control of small businesses, however, he said, «this load on the part of state and municipal supervision will automatically lay down on the medium and large business.»
— We propose to introduce a mandatory approval unscheduled inspections with the prosecution for all businesses without exception, that is, not just for small businesses as it operates now, but also for their colleagues in the medium and large businesses — said Yevgeny Fyodorov.
According to him, adopted on first reading a bill «designed to reduce unwarranted interference in the business from the regulatory authorities, and will protect the legitimate interests of entrepreneurs at all levels,» including «will protect the business from bureaucratic tyranny, bureaucratic pressure and give freedom to the whole Russian business.»
NP «Russian lift association» received the status of a self-regulatory organization
In the elevator industry in Russia took a significant event — information about the non-profit partnership «Russian lift association» Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography (Rosreestra) are included in the state register of self-regulatory organizations under the number 0028 in accordance with the requirements established by federal law from 01.12.2007, the № 315-FZ «On self-regulatory organizations.»
Clear standards and rules of business self-regulatory organization, the relevant existing legislation, binding on all members of the self-regulatory organization, the availability of real compensation fund, insurance risks, liability of members, internal control and disciplinary action, information transparency are undeniable advantages for business development in the social the area of the elevator industry.
Rostekhnadzor registered the second construction SRO SUPPORT
March 16 Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Supervision (Rostekhnadzor) agreed on the details of the non-profit partnership «Interregional Association of Architectural and design of small and medium-sized businesses — SUPPORT» («MOAPP SMEs — supports») in the state register of self-regulatory organizations.
February 12 Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Supervision (Rostekhnadzor) as a self-regulatory organization of non-commercial partnership «Interregional Association BUILD-enforcement of small and medium-sized businesses — support».
Earlier, President SUPPORTS RUSSIA Sergey Borisov made a public statement about artificial braking process Rostekhnadzor inclusion in the state register of self-regulatory organizations to create a support of non-profit partnership «ISS SMEs — support» and «MOAPP SME support». The decision to establish self-regulatory organizations for small and medium-sized construction companies in Russia made RUSSIA SUPPORT as a response to the evolving situation in connection with the transition to the principles of self-regulation in the construction industry.
— Rules of the game should be the same and mandatory for all, understandable and enforceable, that is, competitive. To do this, we support and there were two non-profit partnership with the most favorable terms for joining the SRO and to work, which is especially important for small businesses. Braking registration process «ISS SMEs — support» and «MOAPP SMEs — SUPPORT» Rostekhnadzor artificially creates conditions for outflow of the members of these organizations in other SROs. We are sure — this is a deliberate policy department, — noted a statement by Sergei Borisov.
The situation of self-regulation in the construction industry, developed after January 1, 2010 (after the abolition of licensing and the beginning of the operation of the rules of the SRO), considered to held in Moscow on March 1, 2010 the V Congress Non-commercial partnership «Association of Entrepreneurial Organizations of Russia (OPORA).» A comprehensive overview of the main problems of small and medium-sized businesses in this area presented by the Chairman of the Committee on self-regulation and the Commission for Construction and Housing Eugene Shlemenko. The expert recalled that the construction industry was the first, which has undergone self-regulation, and this experience is very important in the propagation of the rules of the SRO in the other areas.
Describing the situation in the construction sector, EI Shlemenko reminded that 70% of the volume of construction work accounted for small businesses, most of which lives at the expense of the state order. Since the new year in a situation where the majority of small businesses do not hit the self-regulatory organizations. Thus, according to experts, most of the construction business was actually outside the legal field.
Describing the situation in the construction industry at the moment in general, EI Shlemenko noted that «in fact, self-regulation mechanism acts right now as a competitive tool.»
In turn, the SR Borisov described the ongoing process of «cynical seizure of self-regulation in the industry.» Chapter SUPPORT deplored the fact that «the Government does not interfere in the situation in the most expeditious manner.»
Max Aizikovich Waksman was awarded the Order of Friendship
February 12, 2010 Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation VB Khristenko presented to Grad prominent figures of science and industry in Russia.
Awarding was held in the hall of the board meeting. Awards were given to representatives of various industries, enterprises, institutions. In his welcoming speech the minister said that now — the most intense, but the most correct time to arrange priorities and set a new color transformation.
— Congratulations to the high awards you and your teams, — the minister said. — I hope that these awards will create a good mood to you, and your labor groups achieved great success, and that you work has more.
General Director of «Scherbinsky Lift Plant» Max Aizikovich Waksman was awarded the Order of Friendship.
Dear Max Aizikovich!
All the staff under your Company congratulates you with the presentation of a well-deserved award and wish you good health and happiness and hope to achieve under your leadership even more labor achievements!
Editors of the magazine «Elevator» joins the congratulations and wishes Max Aizikovich luck in all his endeavors.
The meeting of TC 209
The public discussion of draft national standards
The work of TC 209 representatives of manufacturers elevators and escalators, service companies, engineering offices, associations lift organizations.
In his speech, President of the Russian association of elevator, CEO Scherbinsky Elevator Plant MA Waxman reminded the audience of how great importance for the lift industry implementation of technical regulations «On the safety of elevators.» This event is to be held in October 2010, and lifting community should make every effort to ensure that the introduction of technical regulations related documents have been prepared and submitted to the appropriate authorities promptly.
Report of the Chairman of the Technical Committee TK209 LI Wolf-trail was dedicated to the results of the activities of the organization in 2009 and its work program for 2010.
At the beginning of his speech, Leo I. listed the basic regulations by which TC 209 organizes its work
Firstly, it is the Federal Law «On Technical Regulation» dated December 27, 2002 № 184 FZ. Order of the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology of October 3, 2008 № 3126 to identify the areas of TC 209, its structure, approved by the Chairman of the Committee. In accordance with this order, on the TC 209 entrusted with the functions of a permanent national working body of ISO / TC 178 «Lifts, escalators and moving walks.»
The speaker then reminded the audience about the structure of the TC 209, which includes four subcommittees.
The structure of the TC 209
Subcommittee 1 «passenger and freight elevators, lifting platforms for people with disabilities» basic organization SRO NP «Russian lift association»
Subcommittee 2 «escalators and moving walks» basic organization of «constructor»
Subcommittee 3 «Lifts are in the installation and operation of» basic organization ADS SRO «Liftservis»
Subcommittee 4 «conformity assessment in the field of elevators, escalators, passenger conveyors and lifting platforms for people with disabilities’ organizations at the base» Rusekspertlift «
TC 209 members are 25 organizations of the elevator industry, representatives of federal executive bodies, MSTU. Bauman VNIINMASH.
LI Wolf Trop listed the main directions of work of the Technical Committee for Standardization TC 209 in 2009: participation in the development of technical regulations «On the safety of lifts»; implementation of the Programme of national standardization; provide a national working body of ISO / TC 178 «Lifts, escalators and moving walks»; International cooperation with the European elevator association with the European Technical Committee CEN / TC 10 «Lifts, escalators».
Turning to the challenges facing the TC 209 in 2010, Leo I., said:
— In accordance with the October 2, 2009 the Government Decree number 782, the main task for the Committee in 2010, as well as for the entire elevator industry is the introduction of technical regulations «On the safety of elevators.» Federal Agency on Technical Regulating and Metrology entrusted to develop and approve a list of national standards and codes of practice, the use of which voluntary compliance with technical regulations. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment requested to submit the results to the Government rules and test methods required for the implementation of conformity assessment of lifts with technical regulations, list of national standards containing rules and methods of testing.
The main developer of standards, regulatory requirements for products — elevators, is JSC «Scherbinsky lift building plant» and the Working Group 1 PC headed by chief designer of the company SV Pavlov.
The main standard, which was developed by the working group and which virtually replaces the rules of design and safe operation of elevators — is GOST R «Elevators.
General safety requirements and installation of the device «(p. 7 of the Technical Regulations). Its adoption is planned for 2010.
— In developing this document, — said Leonid Wolf-Tropez — we took into account the main documents in force in this area, such as PUBEL 1992 PUBEL2003 years, and the experience of their application in our country, the European standards for safety of electrical and hydraulic elevators.
With regard to standards GOST R «passenger lifts. Basic parameters and dimensions «and GOST R» Elevators. Basic parameters and dimensions «(p. 7 of the Technical Regulations), to be adopted in 2010, according to LI Wolf-Tropez, has issued an order Rostechregulirovanie their approval.
— In 2009 he was admitted to GOST R53388-2009 «Elevators. Control devices, alarm systems and accessories «(p. 7 of the Technical Regulations), aimed at the implementation of paragraph 7 of the Technical Regulations, — said I. Leo. — In addition, the Technical Regulations have a point 8, which regulates the requirements for lifts designed for use by disabled persons and other people with limited mobility. To perform this point we have a GOST R 51631-2008 «passenger lifts. Technical accessibility requirements for the disabled and other people with limited mobility «, which was adopted in 2008.
Item 9 Technical Regulations contains specific requirements for the elevators, which are designed for the transport of fire departments. The relevant standard GOST R 52382 «passenger lifts. Elevators for fire «, which is designed JSC» Mos Otis «and should be adopted
2010. We had to revise the previous document, since it was necessary to carry out the separation between our standards and the standards that apply to the Technical Regulations
«On fire safety requirements.»
Paragraph 10 of the Technical Regulations «On the safety of lifts» — a requirement vandal — corresponds adopted in 2006 GOST R 52624-2006 «passenger lifts. Vandal-resistant requirements. «
In 2009, it adopted a revised standard GOST R53387-2009 «Lifts, escalators and passenger conveyors. Reduce the risk analysis methodology «used by us in all phases — in the design, installation, operation, conformity assessment.
The new standard, which is developed by OOO «Designer» and to be adopted in 2011 — GOST R «escalators and moving walks. Safety requirements for device and installation «- developed on the basis of a new European standard for safety eskalatorovEN-115, which was adopted in 2009.
In 2010, to be adopted by the standard GOST R «Elevators. Terms and Definitions». Developer of «SCHLZ.»
Next set of standards, which had commented on LI Wolf-Tropez — a standards governing the rules and methods of testing and conformity assessment of lifts. They develop engineering center «NETEEL» Working Group under the leadership of the PC 4 PA Polyudova. These standards should be adopted in 2010, they are designed for compliance with the requirements of paragraphs 15, 16, 17 of the Technical Regulations and regulate the rules and methods of testing with the release of elevators (certification), during commissioning (declaration of conformity) and during operation (conformity assessment ).
— In addition, a series of codes of practice relating to the operation and installation of lifts, develops ADS SRO «Liftservis» — said L. Wolf-Tropez. — But at this stage we have agreed to implement the tasks that are prioritized in accordance with the decision of the Government. Two of these sets of rules will be priorities in order to implement the requirements of Title III of the Technical Regulations: set of rules for the safe operation of elevators and Rulebook on the modernization of elevators.
These sets of rules approved by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.
Then LI Wolf Trop appealed to international cooperation, it is all the more relevant that TC 209 is a working body of the National Technical Committee of the International Standardization ISO / TK178 «Lifts, escalators and moving walks.» Chairman of TC 209 gave data on the global market for new elevators.
The global market for new elevators / year
Europe — 116000
Russia — 15 000
China — 125000
Japan — 45 000
United States — 32000
India — 25,000
Other countries — 52,000
Total 410 000 / year
— Such a huge number of elevator needs a good regulatory provision, — said L. Wolf-Tropez. — The main developers of these documents are two technical committees:
— International Technical Committee ISO / TC 178 «Lifts, escalators and moving walks»: 25 countries — members of the TC, 26stran — observers 8rabochih groups;
— European Technical Committee CEN / TC 10 «Lifts, escalators» 22 countries — members of the TC 13 working groups.
In the works of TC 178 and TC 10 involved more than 300 experts. In these committees, we developed a lot of different topics. First of all, the global safety requirements and conformity assessment procedures, rules for accreditation of authorized organizations.
LI Wolf Trop introduced the participants with the current topics of international cooperation being developed by ISO / TC 178 and CEN / TC 10:
♦ Global safety requirements and conformity assessment procedures;
♦ Safety requirements for elevators and escalators in a seismic impact;
♦ Test the landing doors to fire;
♦ The use of lifts for evacuation in case of emergency;
♦ Measuring the quality of movement of elevators and escalators;
♦ checks, calculations and tests of lift components;
♦ Improved safety and availability of elevators and escalators at the stage of operation;
♦ Energy Efficiency.
Among these LI Wolf-Tropez TC 209 works on international cooperation:
♦ The harmonization of national standards with international (ISO) and European (CEN) standards;
♦ Formation of Fund documents ISO and CEN for use in the national standards;
♦ Preparation and consideration of draft international standards, the results of the working groups and associations;
♦ Preparation of comments and suggestions on the documents ISO and CEN;
♦ The vote on the adoption of international standards and drawing up a plan for their development;
♦ Participation in meetings of ISO / TC 178, CEN / TC 10, their working groups, the European lift Association (E1A);
♦ Workshop in Moscow in May 2009 with the participation of the presidents of ISO / TC 178 and CEN / TC 10;
♦ Conduct the meeting in Moscow on the energy efficiency of elevators with TUV, industry experts.
— Creation of a new regulatory framework — a difficult task, — said Leo I. In conclusion of his report. — Implementation of the regulatory framework requires more effort from the elevator companies. Only by working together, we will succeed.
National Standard GOST R «Elevators. General safety requirements and installation of the device «
The next item on the agenda of the meeting of the Technical Committee for Standardization TC 209 has been public discussion of draft national standard GOST R «Elevators. General requirements for design and installation. » The main report in this regard made by the head of the working group, the chief designer of the plant Scherbinsk lift SV Pavlov.
— National standard developed in accordance with the program of national standardization of the Russian Federation in 2009 — said Sergey. -Shifr 1.2.2091.005.09 theme. In accordance with Federal Law «On technical regulation», voluntary application of this standard is sufficient that the general safety requirements of paragraph 7 of the Technical Regulations «On the safety of elevators.» Special requirements for the safety of elevators provided in other documents.
The aim of the national standard «Elevators. General safety requirements and installation of the device «can be formulated as follows: to develop a national standard, the voluntary use of which will ensure compliance with the general safety requirements of the Technical Regulations» On the safety of elevators. «
The content of the standard «Elevators. General requirements for design and installation «
To develop a national standard includes safety requirements for electric passenger, freight and small goods lift, a hydraulic lift.
The standard has the following sections:
Introduction. 1. Scope.
2. Normative references.
3. Terms and Definitions.
4. General Provisions.
5. Safety requirements and / or protective measures to electric elevators.
6. Safety requirements and / or protective measures to hydraulic elevators.
7. Safety requirements and / or protective measures for small freight elevator.
8. Capacity. Capacity.
9. Documentation. The standard establishes requirements for the product. In order to develop a national standard «Elevators.
General requirements for design and installation «, the following documents:
1. PUBEL 1992.
2. PB 10-558 2003.
3. EN 81 Part 1 «Safety requirements for electric lift.»
4. EN 81 Part 2 «Safety requirements for hydraulic elevators.»
5. Other existing regulations, approvals, additions to the security requirements of a number of manufacturers, producers, designers elevators. The working group consisted of:
-of JSC «SCHLZ» — SV Pavlov (team leader)
-of JSC «KMZ» — VP Polyansky, VV Kotelnikov,
— of JSC «MEL» — VA Hramtsov,
-from OAO «MOS OTIS» — VV Komarov,
— of JSC «TSPKB Elevator» — VR Glumov,
— by NPF «Liftkomplektelektro» — EP Ish ha new,
— of JSC «Axel lift» — SD Babichev,
— by Company Engineering Center «NETEEL» — EI Boxer. — Work was carried out, — said S. Pavlov — featuring Lee Wolf Trail. By creating a standard attracted a number of other professionals who deal with developments in their field: DM Shusternyak, GW. Lomtev, CM. Arinin, RI. Flour, yawl. Gorki. Each group developed a certain profile, then it is all discussed in the Working Group and come to common solutions for specific sections and articles.
The first version of the national standard was developed in September, sent to all stakeholders, posted on the website Scherbinsky Elevator Plant. It responded to a lot of people. We received about 350 comments on the first version. For the study, development and discussion of all the observations conducted more than 25 meetings of the Working Group. From the comments received about 60% of fully or partially accepted. Decisions on the consideration of all the comments made by the Working Group at the meetings. After the release of the first version of the notice published on the development of online Rostechregulirovanie.
National Standard GOST R 52382 (EN-72: 2003) «passenger lifts. Elevators for firefighters «
In the next issue of the TC 209 meeting — public discussion of draft national standard GOST R 52382 (EN-72: 2003) «passenger lifts. Elevators for fire «- the word was given to the head of development, manager standards and fire safety of» MosOtis «SM Roitburd.
— We were tasked with developing two standards, similar in theme: elevators for firefighters and fire safety requirements for the elevators — said
Semen Musievich and briefly recalled the history of this issue. — In 1997, we developed and released standards for fire safety «Elevators for transporting fire departments. General technical requirements. » This document is valid and up to date, it will be canceled only with the introduction of the Technical Regulations on the safety of lifts. In 2003, recommendations were developed GPS MES of Russia «Elevators passenger and cargo. Fire safety «, their action has stopped. In 2005-2006, two are made according to the requirements of GOST R to fire lifts and fire safety of elevators. With the introduction of the Technical Regulations on fire safety of these documents in the form in which they exist today, they have become unsuitable and will be revised.
Rostekhregulirovanie decision was made standard on lifts for firefighters divided into two parts. Namely: the requirements for the elevator itself and the requirements koborudovaniyu elevator building. In the first part of developed and already existing standards GOST R 53296-2009 «Installing elevators for firefighting in buildings and structures.» This standard applies to Tehnicheskomureglamentu «On Fire Safety». On our standard requirements for the elevators for firefighters referred to in GOST R, which is developed by the Ministry of Emergency Situations (MES).
We were also instructed to develop a second standard, which relates to fire safety requirements to the elevator as a product. It belongs to the elevators, not intended for transportation of fire departments, and extends to the conventional elevators. This standard will be developed later.
In developing the standard, «passenger lifts. Elevators for firefighters «adopted the concept that a lift for firefighters — a passenger lift, having a mode of transportation fire departments. All the requirements for passenger lifts to be performed and elevators for firefighters. Material requirements are cabins in this standard, the standard of elevators for firefighters he was expelled because the requirements for the cab materials as elevators for firefighters, as well as to conventional lifts, exactly the same. Mode «fire hazard» perform all the elevators and elevator for firefighters as well. Standard «Elevators. Fire Safety «- it will GOST 52383 2010 the year — it applies to all lifts, except for small trucks, in addition to lifts, which are installed in buildings where there are no fire-prevention standards and on particularly complex unique objects. In addition, these standards do not apply to the lifts, which are installed in buildings and spaces of category A and B, according to the fire safety JV 12-131-30 2009 year.
Translation lift into the «FIRE» is produced by the team of automatic fire alarm system of the building. The elevator installation at all landing sites in the elevator lobbies, mines and machinery spaces shall be provided for the installation of at least one smoke detector analog type. These detectors are combined into a single loop and when triggered, some of them, lift goes into «fire hazard.»
The current standard GOST 52383-2005 «Elevators. Fire safety «includes polozhenieo that if there was a fire on the ground floor, the elevator in the» fire hazard «should not move on the main floor of the boarding, and on the other» designated floor. » We consider only two cases: a fire on any floor of the building and the fire on the main floor of the landing. If a fire on any floor of the building, except the first, the elevator goes to the main planting (first) floor. If a fire occurred on the main floor landing — the standard provided that the elevator was on the other «designated floor,» where people could get out of the cab and move to the emergency exit.
Elevator for fire — a passenger lift to the regime «transportation fire departments,» so excluded from the standard, all the provisions of the construction and all that does not apply to the execution of this function. Questions of power lift covered in the GOST R 532962009. The standard lot we left unchanged. The standard applies to lifts installed in new and reconstructed buildings. It can be used in the modernization of elevators. The list of dangers is not changed: the danger of blocking and jamming elevators, delayed action of fire, failure or malfunction in the control system and vandalism — all of these issues, we tried to solve the standard.
Approval of the technical regulation «On the safety of lifts» in October 2009 — this is only the first step in reforming the system of technical regulation in the elevator area. In order to be able to really enjoy this, the regulations necessary to develop a package of technical documents in this field. During the meeting times heated debate flared up, the speakers had to answer numerous questions. Participants of the meeting expressed sincere interest in that industry has been provided with the necessary for its normal functioning of the package of normative and technical documents. All their comments and proposals submitted to the working group TC 209.
The Meeting approved the projects developed standards «Elevators. General requirements for design and installation «and» passenger lifts. Elevators for fire «with regard to the comments made at the meeting, as well as the work program of TC 209 in 2010, recognizing the priority of work on implementation of technical regulations» On the safety of elevators. «
Stability — a sign of skill
Interview with the candidate of technical sciences, director of the quality of «Scherbinsky Lift Plant», the vice-president of the Russian association of lift Y. Radin
LIFT: Yuri, tell us about the challenges that lie ahead SCHLZ soon.
Y. Radin: The main challenge is always relevant, and especially today — is, of course, the completion of the order book, which the plant lives. It is important not to reduce the pace at which we were working at the end of 2009 and that we provided marketing service. In January, we gained 550 orders, a small number passed in February. There is reason to believe that this trend will continue. Construction is still alive, and we feel the inflow of orders. Of course, for the stable functioning of the enterprise it would be desirable to increase the volume of orders to its pre-crisis level. It is about a thousand of lifts per month. I wish that in the long term portfolio of orders has become more balanced and determined by the end of this month and the next month has already been processed. To have created a project and production schedules received on the first day of the following month, since the specific task for the manufacture of parts and components, with the prospect of entering the schedule shipment to customers.
ELEVATOR: In what direction the company is now developing? Do you think whether Russian producers of elevators to take a strong position on the market of lifts and elevators elite business class? What competitive advantages over products Western manufacturers they have?
Y. Radin: Our company has always developed, and the pace of its development is not dependent on crisis situations, which to some extent even spur, forcing the plant to grow in terms of competitiveness in terms of pricing policy. The optimum ratio «price — quality» as a distinctive feature of let Scherbinsk lift plant production should not allow our competitors, especially foreign, to bypass us how whatsoever indicators. Anyway, we need to strengthen its position in the segment of economy class and develop the issue of higher-level elevators — business class and above.
One of the products that have received recent good progress in the market — a lift brand «wellmaks». The model is very promising, it is like the consumer and customers in terms of comfort, design, reliability, and most importantly — «wellmaks» adapted to the Russian market. Now for the manufacture of this product is gaining momentum capacities Sherbinskaya th Elevator Plant. Big plans on our construction in Serpukhov plant, which is focused on production of lifts business class «wellmaks». Already it is clear that this product will take its rightful place in the market of the lift production.
LIFT: What is the basis of marketing policy Scherbinsky Elevator Plant?
Y. Radin: The basis of our marketing policy was always a good selection of personnel, carried out by the commercial director of AV Tsygankov and his deputy V. Sharipov. Continue to work and the methods that were laid at the heart of the enterprise: coherence, constantly developing cooperation with our trading houses operating from Kaliningrad to Vladivostok, supporting sales offices and service centers, flexible pricing policy in providing fast delivery of lifts to meet the requirements of the customer . Especially illustrative of these methods have been in the past year, and they are, of course, give your results. Among similar services to other Russian factories, our marketing department is the strongest, and other companies have something we have to learn.
LIFT: Does the company to expand its presence in the regions?
Y. Radin: Plans to expand its regional presence, and it showed our work, especially in 2009, we, of course. We have organized the production of elevators in Naberezhnye Chelny — is Kama Elevator Plant. In Ekaterinburg there Sherbinskaya assembly production of elevators, in Tomsk began working Elevator Plant. All this will give positive results, because the production was not created in a vacuum, but on the basis of specialized organizations dealing with installation and maintenance of elevators. It employs qualified certified professionals, professionally trained competent people who understand the challenges of our enterprise, as they say, at a glance. I think here the plant will get a good return in the promotion of the product on the market and the expansion of marketing communications.
LIFT: Tell us about the introduction of innovative technologies on SCHLZ.
Y. Radin: We continue to update the technology in connection with the introduction of new products, including models «wellmaks». Despite the financial difficulties caused by the crisis, continue to work, to choose and buy equipment to improve their technology. I think that this process will be continued, since the dividends which makes the plant are not distributed among the founders, and are directed to the development of production, its expansion, on the development of technologies.
LIFT: On Sherbinskaya Elevator Plant search organized branched structure service quality. What changes occur in the work, in the way of leadership? Using what principles does its work most effectively?
Y. Radin: We continue to work to improve the quality of service both in terms of tightening control on the ground and in terms of increasing responsibility among craftsmen and workers. I have always said and I repeat that we have no problem to put next to each controller working for checking product quality. The problem is that everyone in the workplace about their work with full responsibility. For this he receives a salary. This applies to all — from the worker to the CEO. This system will continue to refine and polish. Since 2010, we have more than one production master is a personal stamp. Such masters — twelve. I wish that there were many more. Thus, we are reducing the state inspectors, but increases the responsibility of the production technical staff. The correctness of such action is confirmed by time and experience of foreign companies. It is inherent in the quality management system of our pre-acceptance, to work productively and perfection.
LIFT: How did the crisis in the operation of the plant Scherbinsk lift?
Y. Radin: The crisis caused a drop in production at SCHLZ. You see, if the momentum of production per thousand elevators per month, which is then to be reduced to 750 or 650, its hard to recover again. After all, it is connected with the people, the technology, logistics, and many other factors. Of course, the plant has suffered because the rhythm, stability is very important for the production, they have a direct impact on improving the quality of products and the timing of delivery of products to customers.
Because of the crisis for several months it was suspended construction of a plant in Serpukhov. But now there is reactivated. «SU-155», as promised Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Group MD Balakin January 10, embarked on further construction. Work is underway, and the end of 2011, according to Mikhail Dmitrievich, the construction should be completed.
LIFT: Shcherbinsky factory managed to keep its human resources in a time of crisis?
Y. Radin: In connection with the crisis of human resources policy at the plant has not undergone major changes, the principal professional staff saved. Although there was a slight reduction or staff as a whole or production programs are not affected. Of course, we have something to work from negligent employees necessary to deliver the Xia, but as for the senior and middle management, everything remained the same, people are working safely and efficiently, improving their professional skills. Specialists we have enough, but we need to constantly to educate ourselves. In my view, the human resources department should often organize courses for the technical staff, and the work carried out at the end of the year with the masters, I think, it is not sufficient because it shows that we still have a lot of artists who are not ready to work independently and to make decisions who are waiting, they tell the boss. And it is wrong in principle.
LIFT: What are the forms and principles of cooperation are used in dealing with business partners?
Y. Radin: Basic principles of cooperation with the business community in the factory laid a long time and successfully implemented for many years. To its competitors, we always treat as partners. In relations with installers trying to strictly adhere to all the fundamental understandings and agreements, working with them firmly, confidently, without taking away from them the labor market. We have stated, and I stress once again that Scherbinsky lift building plant is not going to deal with the installation. Our main objective — to develop production, improve the product that we produce, so we have partnered with normal installers, with operatives, with expert organizations, certification centers. We have always sought to fruitful and constructive cooperation with our colleagues always treated them with respect.
LIFT: What are the immediate goals and prospects of the Russian lift association? What was achieved?
Y. Radin: At the end of January this year, we have officially registered as a self-regulating organization. With the participation of the Russian union of elevator lift up the National Union of self-regulatory organizations. Taking into account the output of 274, and then 624-th orders of the Regional Development Ministry, a few breaking the structure of self-regulation in the elevator industry, it was not an easy task. The fact that these documents installers appeared torn out of a total process cycle, and it makes the differences in the elevator industry as a whole. To date, the government saw fit to do so, but I think that with time, everything will fall into place, and those who have taken such a solution, with time they see their mistakes. It is a pity that they create unnecessary obstacles. Elevating community could well run in terms of self-regulation on the 315 th Federal law, as it was planned three years ago.
Prospects for further development of the market of materials handling equipment and its components will be expanded, and, in any case, in 2010, did not remain below the level of last year. According to our closest partner SU-155, the construction market will continue to grow and fully recover.
A cooperation of the Russian lift association with the Foundation for Housing Reform, which will continue its activities in 2010 and in 2011. And planned work for 2012. The Russian lift association with the Housing Fund in terms of the supply of equipment to the Russian market have a good relationship. The program will continue to operate under the 185th federal law, and, in my opinion, the Russian manufacturers have to be created all the conditions under which the work will be loaded it is they, not the company or the near abroad.
ELEVATOR: In January last year, general director of the state corporation «Fund of assistance to reforming housing and communal services» KG Tsitsin said that in 2009 for the modernization of elevators planned to allocate one hundred million rubles. How much is planned to master this year?
Y. Radin: At least, no less than was allocated in 2009. The Russian association of lift good prospects for participation in the programs of the Housing Fund. According to the Housing Fund program, we plan to replace about four thousand elevators. Therefore, I appeal to my colleagues, let us continue to work together as well.
LIFT: High authority Aizikovich Max plays a role in the development of the entire elevator industry.
Y. Radin: Of course! Max Aizikovich — a special story, a special theme. His authority is, of course, besprekosloven. February 17 Max Aizikovich was unanimously elected president of the National Union of Self-Regulatory Organizations elevator -vysshego coordinating body self-regulatory organizations of the elevator industry. And it is right. Today it is the only candidate who could be accepted, precisely because of the fact that Waxman — this authority, a professional approach, it’s just human qualities.
LIFT: Yuri, in February this year you turned 55 years old. What are your personal plans for this year?
Y. Radin: In 2010, the son goes to school. It is well done, goes to pre-gymnasium, learning English, improving in tennis -In early 2009, he was recognized as «Discovery of the Year» and awarded the cup. Engaged without any prodding, pleasure rides on training. This, of course, pleases. In 2009 our daughter was born, she is now five months old. As the Russian president said, children born in this year — a good investment …
LIFT: And at work?
Y. Radin: The main thing is that the team has a good factory team led by Max Aizikovich. We must continue to live and work. And the problems that I have called, and form the basis of the whole of life at this time.
Otis elevator, which generates energy
What is energy recovery? This conversion of one type of energy to another with the possibility of reuse. For example: the conversion of electrical energy into potential network building elevator kinetic energy into electrical energy and vice versa.
Let’s see, what is the connection between the elevator and energy recovery.
Traditional elevator system consists of a cab, winch and counterweight. The counterweight needed to balance the weight of the loaded part of the cabin.
As a result, the counterweight is heavier than an empty or partially filled with people stall, but it is easier than completely filled the cabin.
The energy consumed when fully loaded cabin moves up or when lightly loaded cab moves down.
When lightly loaded cabin moves up or heavily loaded cab goes down, the motor generates electricity as a generator.
When an energy consumption (at full load cab moving on uplift), three-phase current with a fixed frequency is converted to DC power through the converter (converter), and then converted to a three-phase motor is used.
Typically, without a regenerative drive, the excess electricity produced by the frequency converter, the brake resistor. The use of brake resistors entails a number of disadvantages: large dimensions of braking resistors and braking resistors heating surface to a temperature of 100 ° C and above require a mandatory defense against dust and moisture, etc. However, most unpleasant in this case is that the excess energy is converted into waste heat, and in some cases may require a cooling system that is costly.
When using the regenerative drive energy obtained when the generator mode is converted into three-phase voltage in full compliance with the parameters of the network of the building and back into the power grid of the building, where it can be used by other systems connected to the network (for example, lighting, computers, and etc.).
A bit of physics. In order for the accumulated power can be returned to the AC power source as input rectifier regenerative drive converters used with PWM voltage source. Now the flow of AC power can flow in either direction, the current can be controlled, and get almost unity power factor. In the case of pre-adjustable frequency during regeneration, cascade IGBT transistors (used to drive an output stage) operates as a sine wave rectifier converts the alternating current into a DC voltage for powering the system. During heavy braking of the engine and as a result, over voltage on the DC link current of the inverter is above a certain level, the IGBT inverter stage generates a PWM signal to the network side. The voltage difference between the phase voltage PWM and mains voltage is applied to the inductance (inductor). This voltage contains many high frequency harmonics that are blocked by the inductance and the inverter output turns sinusoidal current with a small admixture of the higher harmonics. To synchronize with a network drive recovery to determine the frequency and angle of the mains voltage vector is due to supply PWM modulator three special testing pulses in the mains supply.
Regenerative drive ReGen, created by OTIS Lift GeN2 — a vivid example of the use of energy-saving technologies in construction. ReGen drive provides up to 75% energy savings and efficiency surpasses all the world analogues.
The combination of regenerative ReGen drive and synchronous motor permanent magnet motor voltage optimizes and reduces inrush currents and currents in the steady-state operation.
ReGen drives reduce maintenance costs of buildings, substantial energy savings year after year during the life of the elevator. ReGen drives help reduce the two key factors that affect the cost of electricity — peak load and energy consumption. Energy is produced when the elevator car moves upwardly with a light load or down with a substantial load. In fact, fully loaded elevator car is moving downwards, can transmit a large amount of energy adjacent elevator running on the rise. Number of power saving depends on various factors such as loading the cab velocity, height, etc.
Along with the self-regulation must be certified
Today the system «Roszhilkommunsertifi-cation» has received such a strong development, which is perhaps one of the annual meeting was not enough. For discussion at the meetings of the Scientific and Methodological Council of the Executive Body of the «Roszhilkommunsertifikatsiya» every time we appear all new and new themes, scope of work — more and more, and the scope of the system — wider and wider. One such area — the elevator industry.
In fact, the elevator — a robotic product, the only vehicle that is operated by untrained passengers, including people with disabilities. And this robot — Elevator — each must correctly receive, with the required precision to send him to the desired floor and it does not present a danger not injure the passenger.
Currently, the country has about 500,000 elevators. Many of them, about 240 000 units, spent his working life, but still functioning only thanks to the enthusiasm of the operating organizations. Parts not, and nobody does. The level of security does not meet modern requirements, however, elevators continue to carry passengers, because, for example, on the 22th floor with no elevator to arrive almost impossible. And go down too. Socially important object — that is the elevator.
This explains why the regulatory framework for liftovikov — this is the «Our Father», is the cornerstone for the accomplishments of the conditions that I mentioned. With regard to the regulatory framework — we have a very advanced sector. We have all, and most importantly: The lift complex — the first sector of our industry, which received a technical regulation «On the safety of elevators.» The image of the document is now to be built all technical regulations in the industry.
One of the new trends in the regulatory framework is that of the Technical Regulations disappear the concept of «Engineering Center», «expert organization» and introduced a new concept — «certification body» accredited in accordance with established procedure, which provides certification for the three schemes. For the first time in the practice of our country’s technical regulations introduced mandatory product certification, which applies to all products. Even experienced, exclusive samples must be certified, although they are sometimes carried out with deviation from the existing rules.
These innovations were the impetus for the development of new documents in the elevator industry. In order to ensure compliance with the Technical Regulations, we are developing standards. They come in a set of rules, as a result of which, on a voluntary basis, compliance with technical regulations. There are many standards go hand in hand with a system of certification of «Rules and methods and measurements for the certification of elevators, the rules of sampling»; «The rules and methods of conformity assessment of lifts Startup»; «The rules and methods of conformity assessment of lifts in operation»; «Elevator. General requirements for safety of the device and installation «and others.
We exist and such rules, the likes of which no one else has. For example, «passenger lifts. Technical accessibility requirements, including accessibility for the disabled and other people with limited mobility. » No one has such a standard. We even have a program liftovikov «Accessibility for people with disabilities.» And all of its requirements necessary to certify the «from» and «to».
As a member of the World Club for the disabled, «Lions Club» I have a very long time, 17 years of dealing with this issue and I know that people with disabilities consider themselves more realized in the world, in life than we do. They are very focused, collected. They have restaurants, football, working from nine to eighteen, as we do, but these people have their own system of goals. And they have a complete internal discomfort when they suddenly have to turn for help, say, a full physical people. This completely knocks them out of the rut. Already for this reason that even low mobile citizens need to create conditions of life in which they could do without our help. We have created this enclave in Moscow, South Butovo. There apartments are situated in the ground floor, a very different corridor width, sliding doors, toilets and bathrooms for the disabled are special ferries. The entrance to the apartment is separate, and the level of the ground floor wheelchair gives a special lift.
Three years have passed. And what do you think? All sold with disabilities do not live in any of the apartments, but very often citizens with tight wallets. It is very cool: to go to his home through a separate entrance, bypassing the dirty staircase, and even help to lift up. And in the apartment it is all very convenient. Yes, very comfortable, but nothing has been certified. Everything was done in good faith, but random Lazarus. And now we are developing standards and we hope to bring them to the standard of «Roszhilkommunsertifikatsiya» for the certification of those requirements that we introduce these standards.
We have liftovikov requirements vandal. Who we spoke at least once or more, made possible with the certificate vandal vandalism? Nobody ever. We are trying to introduce this because worse than in our country, the elevators can not do anywhere else. All over the world to lift machines are cherished, considering them as their own, which dovozit to the apartment, helping to go down. And to draw in elevators, setting fire to them or to pick out a button — it’s just impossible!
Taking into account the Russian mentality, we have developed a special standard — Requirements for vandal. According to him, we do metal lifts, like the touch buttons, they can not be set on fire or vykovyrnut nor a hammer to break. Of course, this does not give us advantages in terms of design, but in terms of inclusion in the set of rules binding moment.
Next topic — labor protection. Here we have created and are creating a very serious documents. The head of the executive body of the «Roszhilkommun certification» AD Kochegarov noted that liftoviki one of the first undertaken for this important area of work.
I remind you that there is a Labour Code, article 212 in it on three pages are painted obligations of the employer. Today, no one performs, but now issued a new decision of the Government, which is provided for severe penalties.
So, we are trying to work in this area to some extent to legalize and implement a certification system «Roszhilkommunsertifikatsiya.» Work is already very seriously and is moving at a good level. In my opinion, this is the direction of the system, which still remain outside. And I think we all do, interacting with GASIS with the Ministry of Health, with the Research Institute of Labour and Social Security, with NATSOT. National Association of Labour Protection Centers. NATSOT already organized voluntary certification of labor, and the Institute of Labour — mandatory certification. Which one is right, no one knows. Let’s find out.
What is certification in self-regulation? The elevator industry in this direction progressed far, we already have their own self-regulatory organizations. We even created a National Union lift self-regulatory organizations. At the same time, we continue to struggle with the order of the 274-m and has not yet released the order of 624 m Ministry of Regional Development, ensuring the withdrawal of lift sciences from the list of works that have an impact on the safety of capital construction.
We are convinced that the elevator sub-sector is a single whole and the preservation of her single life cycle will provide the necessary security and decent about which everyone is talking. So I sent the Deputy Prime Minister DN Kozak letter where he wrote that, thinking of self-regulation, everyone forgot about the essence of security criteria — that appears safe elevator in the building only when he had already built. And affect the safety of the construction of the lift can not be by definition.
Moreover, around the lift there are so many restrictions, so many tools that are virtually impossible deviations from left to right: the annual technical inspection, and partial technical examination and acceptance of the state of elevators, elevators and delivery of the installation in operation with inspectors RTN. And we do not understand why we need another add-on in the form of self-regulation? What it will check?
We have already created 18 standards for self-regulation. One of them — «Certification services for the operation of lifts and elevators.» And then — the instruction «Procedure for the analysis, evaluation and audit of the organization’s compliance with the standard in the» Roszhilkommun certification ‘. » This instruction is called «certification services for the operation of lifts and elevators. The rules and methods of conformity assessment. » These are the documents we create.
A systematic approach to staffing of small and medium enterprises have not yet found
Small and medium business is experiencing a shortage of qualified personnel. Mainly, it concerns the scope of innovation management, patent law, intellectual property and information technology. This was discussed at the February 26 meeting of the Council for Development of Small and Medium Enterprises under the Chairman of the Federation Council.
As the press service of the Federation Council, the challenges in staffing SME discussed parliamentarians, representatives of relevant ministries and departments, high school teachers, scientists and representatives of the business community.
In recent years, the state has adopted a series of measures aimed at reforming the system of education and science, he said, opening the hearing, the head of the Federation Council Sergei Mironov. However, these steps are not enough, the system approach has yet been found. The new challenges necessitate new approaches to training specialists.
The head of the Federation Council said that in 2009 the federal law № 217-FZ, which entitles budgetary scientific and educational institutions to create economic societies for innovation. Sergey Mironov expressed confidence that such enterprises play an important role in the practical training of undergraduate and graduate students in the commercialization of intellectual property.
This, in his view, it is extremely important, because «small businesses, unlike large enterprises is not possible to» train «of young professionals in the process, and the company at universities — a good opportunity to acquire practical skills.»
Sergei Mironov believes that the statutory right now the maximum number of workers in small and medium-sized enterprises does not meet current needs. The head of the Federation Council said that in October last year, he introduced to the State Duma a bill which proposes to increase the maximum number of employees in these enterprises. The document proposes to increase the number of employees for small businesses up to 120 people at the current maximum of 100 persons for medium — instead of the current 270 to 250. From 15 to 20 people the bill proposes to increase the number of persons employed in enterprises that are classified as micro-enterprises.
In his speech, Sergey Mironov, raised the issue of professional orientation of young people and offered to return to the experience of the Soviet era — to revive career guidance in schools.
Finally, the head of the Chamber of the Russian Parliament reiterated that the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation is developing a new version of the law on education and stressed that the preparation of this document should be conducted in public.
— We believe that business — not only small but also large — should take an active part in the preparation of this document. To higher and secondary specialized school prepares specialists on demand, — concluded Sergey Mironov.
Universities and companies will receive 20 billion rubles
The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation proposes to allocate 20 billion rubles from the federal budget for the implementation of joint projects of universities and enterprises in 2010-2012. A draft resolution of the Government, prepared Minobr-science, published on the official website of the Ministry.
— 20 billion rubles will be allocated over three years for the implementation of joint projects of universities and enterprises to develop high-tech industry and to stimulate innovation in the Russian economy — said Deputy Minister of Education and Science
Vladimir Miklushevsky. In particular, in 2010 it is planned to allocate 6 mil-Liard rubles, and in 2011-2012 -by 7 billion rubles.
— This project aims at the commercialization of high technologies and provides the essential task of economic modernization. In this application for funding will be able to apply it the company that guarantees the implementation of scientific research into the production process, — said Vladimir Miklushevsky.
Subsidies allocated production companies on a competitive basis for a period up to three years and funding of up to 100 million rubles a year.
The volume is now involved, the budget can not be less than the size of the federal budget subsidies. It is not less than 20% of extra-budgetary funds should be directed to the co-financing of research at the university. Establishment of a new high-tech production is carried out at the expense of extra-budgetary sources involved now. For finance companies have to submit business plans for the establishment of new high-tech industries, including scientific research, experimental design and (or) engineering works, as well as the stage of production and output.
I am proud of my company!
In the elevator sector of Russia only a few people were awarded the title «Zasluzhennyyrabotnik housing and communal services of the Russian Federation.» S1999, the worthy of this title shall be a professional high-end, first deputy general director of JV «Liftek» A. Borisov. 37 years old Alexander works for the benefit of native industry, having passed through all stages of professional development. He started as an electrician second class in a specialized management «Mosoblliftremont.» Now — the first deputy director general of the major elevator companies as «Liftek.» A great contribution to AV Borisov to the development of the Odintsovo district of the Moscow region, where he was born and worked all his life, appreciated the guidance of the district, awarded him the medal «For valorous work for the benefit of Odintsovo municipal district.»
Rudow merits and high position does not alter the character and style of work A. Borisov. If the need arises, he put on his helmet and overalls, he is sent into the mine — to help installers and field engineers. Respect for the work and readiness to provide support where it is needed — these valuable qualities of Alexander Vasilyevich parents. From childhood he had absorbed the main values of life — love to know, respect for the people, firmly assimilated the concept of human dignity, responsibility, working with pride.
Here, his roots and his life
Alexander was born and raised in the town of Odintsovo. Here he lives and works in Moscow suburban land his roots and his life: home, work, a large family -roditeli, children, grandchildren. From their homes, and he left for a short while near — serving in the Podolsk district. When he returned, he met a girlfriend Vera — one that is two years wrote letters to him and waited. They were married, and the couple were absolutely happy together. But the young man lay responsibility for the family, I had to think about work, housing, family prosperity. First he got a signalman in the central communication unit of missile troops, but it soon became clear that there are no prospects for housing. Then Alexander went to work as an electrician in the second category Odintsovo section specialized management «Mosoblliftremont.» Apparently, at this moment, and he smiled fate. Since 1974, Alexander has not left the elevator industry, passed all stages of career development.
— What I did was just and what is just not done, he -ulybaetsya.
Eloquent evidence of that — the track record: Electrician, senior engineer of production and technical department, chief engineer of the company, the head of the zonal area, Deputy Director, Commercial Director, First Deputy General Director. For this, at first glance, a dry list of posts — the establishment of high quality professional talented leader, honest, sometimes it is very hard work.
When the elevator becomes Destiny
At the beginning of the 70s of the last century came a rapid surge in housing construction. Of course, it turned out to be extremely popular and vertical transport — took a large number of not only security, but also improved elevators. Rebuilt, equipped with the new handling equipment and Odintsovo. AV Borisov had a chance here to make the first installation of elevators with automatic doors, and then develop their operation and maintenance. He worked purposefully and persistently, driven by a great desire to improve their professional skills. In 1997, Alexander Vasilyevich as a highly qualified specialist for installation, maintenance and repair of elevators assigned to the fifth category electrician.
Feeling that the education received in college, it was not enough, AV Borisov entered the correspondence department of the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, and despite the heavy workload at work, he graduated from college and received a degree in engineering. His experience and knowledge immediately found application and have been more than demand. In the elevator complex mastered new perspective direction of maintenance ensure the safe operation of lifts — Lift alarm dispatching and communications.
— Here Alexander was one of the pioneers, providing installation, maintenance, repair and operation of the new equipment, — says one of the most respected and honored employees’ Liftek «, the chairman of the trade union committee of EP Molar.
In 1980, AV Borisov was invited to the post of senior engineer of production and technical department. On his shoulders lay the responsibility for the organization and technical support for the elevators five areas central part of Russia, and most importantly — do not responsible for the security of one million passengers. And this burden he carries with dignity, accumulating expertise, practical experience, improving leadership skills.
In 1986, Alexander Vasilyevich was appointed Head of the zonal area, the level of responsibility increases — now in its submission for a whole production team, served by an elevator Smolensk and Kaluga regions. Under the supervision of A. Borisov site becomes one of the best in management, winning prizes for his outstanding achievements and performance in socialist competition, foreman encouraged prizes awarded diplomas, marks «Winner of socialist competition», «Drummer tenth five-year plan.»
Three years later, AV Borisov became deputy director of the organization, which in 1989 served 7,000 elevators in the territory of the ten districts of the Moscow region. More than 700 people worked on the 23 production sites, ensuring uninterrupted and safe operation of elevators. On a deep conviction of Alexander Vasilyevich, no major and minor objects:
— Common District Hospital, a maternity hospital — a very serious object. And the school? Children, their life and health. What could be more important?
Both managers and staff have worked responsibly with the soul, but the problems of perestroika period covered and the elevator industry. Started redistribution of the market of materials handling equipment, and the process of conflict greatly distracted from urgent cases, takes a lot of effort and energy. In the tense and troubled years of perestroika fell into oblivion centralized supply of spare parts, unsettling accumulated debts of insolvent customers — problems arose one after another. To keep your organization and maintain previous position in the market of service elevators, Borisov as one of the leaders need not only the wisdom, energy, enterprise, and composure, courage. And it worked out. Most importantly — managed to maintain the golden fund of the organization — its labor collective.
Constantly raising the professional level, Alexander welcomes this commitment and its employees, encourages them to gain new knowledge. He believes that the possibility is always there:
— Until the early 1990s in Perovo operated profiled vocational school № 140. And there were taught very well — educated teachers, excellent benefits. Workers lift many enterprises have passed the school — «Mos-lift», «RusOtis», «MosOtis» and our employees, as well. I was there for a long time, the chairman of the examination committee, taking qualifying exams, — said A. Borisov.
The problem of professional development and training — always the center of attention of the Deputy Director General Borisov, and the current «Liftek» came to its decision dramatically. The company operates its own training center, where you can get 8 sought in the elevators working specialties. It has everything needed to produce high-quality knowledge — equipment, stands, models, educational literature. Classes are taught by teachers with a solid theoretical knowledge and extensive practical experience. In general, these experts «Liftek.» The venture to organize its own training center is quite justified — the flow of wanting to «clean up their act» with time only grows. And it must be said, it can be very useful. Advances in technology and the demands of progress in frames, the industry as a whole there is an urgent need for staff with the modern meets the needs of today’s knowledge and skills.
37 years working AV Borisov in the elevator industry. In his eyes and with his direct participation lifting machinery is transformed, perfected, umnel. Mechanical machinery was replaced by electronics, upgraded technology and maintenance procedures, and diagnostic testing.
To keep abreast of technical progress, to keep up with the times, AV Borisov put a lot of effort to create in the «Liftek ‘own know-how — the laboratory for the maintenance and repair of electronic and microprocessor control stations. Over five years, it was equipped with modern equipment, diagnostic devices, special unique stands, designed and manufactured that experts «Liftek.» Alexander rightly proud created to help liftovikam laboratory in the Moscow region this miracle nowhere else.
Everyone is familiar with the program of the Governor of the Moscow region, associated with the mass replacement and modernization of elevators, used standard life and obsolete equipment of the elevator control room alarm and communication (LDSS). The matter is very large-scale, responsible and troublesome. The last 6 years of AV Borisov is directly involved in the implementation of the Governor’s project: over 300 lifts Moscow region either upgraded or replaced. Only in 2007-2009 the volume of these operations amounted to 120 million rubles.
Now to the «Liftek» is another ambitious goal: supply, installation and service of floor escalators modern European level of quality and safety. Of course, at the forefront of the development of new major activities «Liftek» — first deputy general director of the enterprise.
«Human kindness can not be bought at any price»
So says AV Borisov and very approvingly refers to aid «Liftek» sponsored children’s garden. Alexander Vasilyevich well they know and if the children something to help, feel free to contact him with any request. On the eve of the New Year is very kindergarten kids waiting for a new Christmas tree and, thanks to their adult chiefs — wait!
— We spent a small amount, and in fact made happy 250 people. You should have seen the happy faces, shining eyes of these children! Fresh Christmas tree, new toys and garlands. Still, human warmth and kindness can not be bought for any money — says A. Borisov.
It is his firm belief, even more — the state and the need of the soul. The same views he held, participating in the organization of elections to the Council of Deputies of Odintsovo. He was appointed chairman of the election headquarters of the candidate GY Kunashenko — General Director of JV «Liftek.» It was decided that the pre-election program, Gregory will be the real deal — Odintsovo help child care centers. Borisov still call to thank or ask how families meet employees’ Liftek «principals and heads of kindergartens.
— And it is not in the elections. Do something for our children Odintsovo, bring them joy — is sacred, and, in fact, the duty of every self-respecting enterprise, — says A. Borisov.
By the way, the children of employees «Liftek» are always provided with places in kindergartens. Parents can work quietly.
And it is also very important. The welfare of the workforce AV Borisov, the first deputy general director, takes care constantly. Ensures that staff had everything necessary to work and work in a comfortable environment.
— Our people rarely leave «Liftek.» Communication is a warm, sincere, work hard for a long time and know each other well. All the activities we are at home, like in a big family, — says Alexander. — When in 2007 came the moment of change of the company’s management, we have decided that the most important thing -This process should not have a negative impact on our team. After all, the most expensive — it is our staff: the people who work with us for a long time, many of them for 30 years or more. And they should be treated with respect. This condition we set is already in talks with potential leaders, and it is observed so far. EP.Molyar is a very important public work, revived the union, the whole social package remained at a good level. After multiple meetings of the labor collective and long joint discussions adopted collective agreement acceptable to all.
— It is painstaking, delicate work — adds CEO «Liftek» GY Kunashenko. — You can not infringe upon the rights of workers, and at the same time it is necessary to observe the interests of the enterprise. There’s a fine line, it must exist. And our employees are well aware of.
Labour dynasty liftovikov Borisov
Now the general seniority family Borisov in the elevator industry for over 130 years.
Father A. Borisov — Basil L. — in his ’84 irreplaceable person in the company. The elevators are many mashin-
«Oldest old», the spare parts which are already nowhere to be found, because it lifts these long out of production. And only the golden hands of the old masters to save the situation: Basil L. manually with the aid of a simple tool, makes parts and prolongs the life of liftam- «veterans.» In his younger years he has worked as a mechanic, and then in the design office Hydraulics Machine Building Plant named after MV Khrunichev. There were designed strategic bombers, and later — the rocket. VL Borisov worked under the direction of such famous designers as A. Tupolev, VM Myasischev, VN Chelomey, and he was known as a master of «golden hands». Repeatedly awarded his shock and conscientious work. In early 1999, he went to work as a mechanic in the service sector, the company specialized lifting «Contact» sons. It works as the chief of department adjustment and repair of electronic equipment, and his youngest son — Viktor Borisov. In his competence — Installation of electronic control systems, development and testing of new microprocessor-based stations, repair of faulty electronic equipment.
Wife VV Borisov — Rita S. — at the company since 1990, it is now working on a «hot» area — Assistant General Manager: a flurry of calls, a pile of business papers, organization of business meetings.
Taisiya Alexandrovna, mother brothers Borisova, cherishes his family. For over 60 years she has lived in a marriage with Vasily Leontyevich, in an atmosphere of love and respect for the couple brought up their sons. It took more than 40 years, and Taisiya Alexandrovna still remembers the verses by heart, she sent Alexander from the army. At the time, often to be with the children, she got a job duty lifter. It is very convenient — in the duty-free days of care for the family involved with children and then grandchildren. The youngest three Borisov Sasha — the successor Viktor and grandchildren of Alexander V. and his wife, Vera Nikolaevna — another baby Sasha and Anya. Daughter Kate encouraged parents not only the birth of grandchildren, she had a good education: graduated from two universities, after training in England, received a certificate of the University of Cambridge. She also works in the «Liftek» — the head of estimate and contract department.
Another worthy representative of the dynasty Borisov to «Liftek» — Alex S., a cousin of Alexander Vasilyevich. He was for many years of conscientious work as an electrician at the elevators. Here he works and his wife.
On the elevator brotherhood
Over the years in the elevator industry Alexander repeatedly convinced that popular in the professional environment the expression «lifting brotherhood» — this is not just nice words. Many among the «brothers on the basis of Lifting» is indeed always ready not only to communicate the case and on the souls of his — «on the elevator,» but also help each other. Alexander told the story of his life:
— Once rested the whole family in the south. And on the way back we reach Belgorod — no gasoline. I do not know what to do. Then he guessed to call the elevator control room, where I give a quick phone area, exploiting lift facilities. I appeal to the boys, «rescued!» — And the question almost instantly solved. Come to any city: a hotel or tickets you need — air, rail-liftoviki always help. I never face rejection. And even more so if it was necessary to help each other in our elevator business. Therefore, our professional fraternity I treasure.
High rank of «Honored Worker of housing-communal services, but Russia» Alexander honored for real labor achievements, for his contribution to the cause to which he devoted his life. AV Borisov is known and respected as a highly professional and respected leader not only in the elevator complex in the Moscow region, but in the whole of the elevator industry in Russia.
Need target program of modernization of elevators, exhaust lifetime
In Ulan Bator, capital of Mongolia, high-rise construction began in the late 1970s — early 1980s. This was carried out installation of lifts lift building plant production of the USSR — Model PS-400A; PP-402 payload capacity of 320 kg, a rate of 0.71 m / s.
These elevators, having fulfilled its service life of 25 years, according to GOST 22011-95, hitherto in operation. They showed their reliability and performance, even with low-quality maintenance and lack of planned capital repairs.
Replacing outdated lifts are sometimes performed, but performed regularly and randomly, that is in the same house where the three entrances, elevators can be installed three different countries produce and plants. This creates difficulties for maintenance. In addition, when installing elevators manufactured in China or Korea to dismantle all equipment, percussion holes increases in Tubingen, overlapping the mine, and this can lead to the destruction of the building part of the elevator shaft. It would be right to develop a 3-5 year target program for the replacement and modernization of elevators, exhausted lifetime, around Ulaanbaatar.
I consider it necessary to conduct not a complete replacement of elevators and upgrades, then there are nodes as guide car and counterweight, to leave. This will reduce the cost of the work and the timing of their implementation.
Moreover, the modernization should be carried out on the basis of the Russian production of elevators, for example, Scherbinsky Elevator Plant. For example, in Krasnoyarsk from 2004 to the present action of the target program of modernization of elevators. It is mostly used lifts Scherbinsky Elevator Plant. At the expense of different budgets upgraded and replaced in the last two years, more than 250 elevators in residential buildings. Since in Ulaanbaatar and Krasnoyarsk previously installed elevators of the same models and manufacturers, it is necessary to use the experience of «Sherbinskaya lifts» for the work on the modernization and replacement of elevators in Krasnoyarsk.
Martha Cherednichenko, the magazine «Elevator»
The draft law on self-regulation in the housing
Interview with Evgeny Shlemenkovym — chairman of the Commission for Construction and Housing-Russian public organization of small and medium business «Support of Russia»
LIFT: How, in your opinion, housing and communal complex of the country is ready for the introduction of self-regulation?
EI Shlemenko: By itself, the principle of self-regulation in any industry, including in housing, raises many questions. Go to the SRO in the building highlighted a lot of problems — by and large, we have not achieved any of the goals, have created a new administrative and financial barriers to entrepreneurship, got even more imperfect system than licensing. Successfully managed to employ a lot of unemployed functionaries and bureaucrats, but outside the law was not less than two-thirds of small and medium-sized enterprises operating in the construction industry.
This can happen in housing. It is important to determine what and who we are going to regulate and what rules, and in such a complex industry like utilities, it is not easy. In addition, this sector is highly dependent on local officials, it is firmly tied to regional and municipal authorities, and this will have serious consequences in the transition to self-regulation.
And it is even more socially important area of the economy, rather than the construction, it is important to work seriously with the citizens — they need to understand what was going on, they are, by their relationship very much depends. Costs SRO may lead to an increase in the cost of housing, the citizens will not be happy.
LIFT: There is an opinion that the company serving housing and utilities, according to the draft law on the introduction of self-regulation in this area will be required to enter into a narrow-profile self-regulatory organizations: for example, the CPO roofers, plumbers, etc. SRO Is it advisable to split from the standpoint of consumers of public services, in terms of business development?
EI Shlemenko: Of course not. The more SROs, so they are more expensive for the end user. And from the point of view of the economy to tear to pieces the technological cycles can not — services need to be integrated. It should be clearly understood that in the housing there are resource providers — heat, water, electricity, gas — is usually a natural monopoly and should be regulated by the state. And there are producers of services in the field — the ones who provides housing and territories, the right man in the street who refers to the concept of «public utilities». Overhaul and maintenance of the structures themselves are engaged in a housing, or hire professional builders and repairmen. So, the principal should be the ones who produce local services — washing, sweeping, caring for yards and passages contain in the order of buildings and engineering infrastructure, they can not break off, an interrelated activities.
LIFT: At this stage, the introduction of self-regulation has been broken elevator industry — assembly and puskonaladkaliftov attributed to the types of work, affecting the safety of capital construction. Most members of the community believe elevator, it will negatively affect the development of the industry and to lift the state park of the country. What is your opinion on this? Lift sub-sector should be governed by the same rules in all process stages of life of the elevator — from design, manufacturing, installation, commissioning, operation, monitoring, maintenance, disposal of spent to replace the normative term of the product.
Indeed, elevators — is a special object in the residential building, working almost around the clock. Lift sub-sector should be governed by the same rules at all stages of the life of the elevator — from design, manufacturing, installation, commissioning, operation, monitoring, maintenance, disposal of spent to replace the normative term of the product. Liftoviki can and should have its SRO, close cooperation and with builders and housing, but not dissolved in them — lifts should engage qualified professionals rather narrow profile.
LIFT: How great, in your opinion, corruption capacity of forced self?
EI Shlemenko: The current legislation on SROs in the construction of a legalized extortion for access to the market, they are not limited by anything. If earlier for the admission to the market — a license — took the state official, embarrassed and masking, it is now for the admission of CPO take legal fees, set in its sole discretion.
LIFT: Is the introduction of self-regulation — a radical panacea in solving the housing problems?
EI Shlemenko: Panacea in any kind of activity, and there can not be, every disease should be your medicine. The error in the choice of drugs is sometimes fatal. I think that self-regulation — is not the best way for any of the branches, and no economy in the world, no country is willing to to replace state regulation of self-regulation in any significant economy sectors.
Problems of property management in the housing sector
A serious discussion on this very relevant topic was held in the framework of the II All-Russian Conference on 3 December 2009 in Moscow, at the conference hall of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations. Traditional event organizer Association of the organizations in the management of not-J driven by «Housing Strategy» (AZHS). The mission of this non-profit organization — the implementation of a coherent policy on the implementation of the state strategy of restoration and preservation of housing stock, the development of programs aimed at promoting housing reform and a real improvement in the living conditions of Russian citizens and the quality of utility services provided to the population.
The permanent chairman of the conference — the president AZHS, State Duma Deputy, Chairman of the Subcommittee on Housing Reform State Duma Committee on Construction and Land Relations GP Khovanskaya.
The conference is supported by the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, the Subcommittee on Housing Reform Committee on Construction and Land Relations of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.
To speak at the conference was attended by representatives of the Federation Council, State Duma, the Ministry of Regional Development, Ministry of Economic Development, the Federal Antimonopoly Service, the Federal Registration Service, the Public Chamber, the Chamber of Commerce of the Russian Federation, the Russian Builders Association, the Trade Union of livelihood leaders non-profit organizations and public associations, housing sector management organizations, insurance companies, financial investment funds.
After GP Khovanskaya opened the work of the conference, head of the faction «Fair Russia», a member of the State Duma Committee for Science and High Technology NV Levichev addressed the assembled audience with a welcoming speech. He delivered a message to the conference, the Chairman of the Federation Council, the Chairman of the party «Fair Russia» S. Mironov expressed his own point of view on the problems of reforming housing and communal services:
— Every evening, going up to the entrance of an apartment building, I feel terrible. It has been 20 years since being privatized housing stock, and no understanding: who controls your housing, you are obliged to whom and from whom wait adversity? So I, like millions of Russian citizens think about this with a feeling of internal tremor. I seriously hope that the development of self-regulatory organizations in the housing sector — a path that could lead the country out of the housing problem, if not bright, then at least in a reasonable future. The problems that we are we are discussing today concern the vital interests of the people, and therefore we expect that the results of the conference will be reflected not only in the publications, but also in management decisions, and will help to ensure that you all easier to work and more confident, and residents of the Russian Federation lived happier and easier.
The range of issues that were included in the conference program is very broad: the legislative and regulatory support in the management of real estate; practical aspects of housing management; association of self-regulatory organizations that provide services in the housing sector; performance standards; changes in legislation; the right to the use of judicial practice; problems of formation of property complex of apartment buildings; development of the institution of self-regulation in the housing sector. The current state of the law; a single real estate cadastre; the competitive environment in the sphere of housing management; new rules of public services for citizens: approaches and solutions; Tax Policy: VAT management organizations and others.
GP Khovanskaya on the Rights of the leading conference speakers providing another word, never for a moment lost the feedback from the audience — makes its own adjustments, explanation was lively informal discussion on common urgent problem.
Galina brought positive examples in the area of housing reform and criticized the pace of adoption of the amendments to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation. According to her, the bill passed in the first reading of three years ago, but for the second reading, the State Duma has not started so far:
— There is a wave of emails, people come on the same rake, which can be removed to clear the road, and these problems would not exist. Working Group on the issue concluded its activities a year ago.
During the conference particularly focused topic of privatization and de-privatization of housing. Galina Khovanskaya called the decision to stop the free privatization of housing since March 1, 2010, «wrong and unfavorable to the authorities.» According to her, now a man before to apply for privatization, will weigh ten times and ten times to ask your MP about what is tax.
— Real estate tax will be local, federal benefits disappear — explains GP Khovanskaya. — And you will enter into a period of crisis, local government benefits for seniors, I’m not sure. If you now still considered the tax on the market value, or close to it, by a factor of 10 people will not pay 700rubley, as now, and 7 000. It is very important for pensioners.
If taxes, according to the deputy, will be calculated on the market value, it is possible, it will be very unbearable burden for many. It is therefore necessary to lift restrictions on de-privatization of housing. But can it be done remains unclear.
Galina said that major changes are expected in the Civil and Civil Procedure Code. For example, there will be changes in the concept of «limited liability», abolished the concept of «non-commercial partnership», etc. It is now made amendments to the Civil Code.
Thus, we can say that we are waiting for a big change, and not all of them are for the better. Some hit and hurt ordinary citizens, and primarily the poor. Apathy and indifference that prevailed in our society, it seems, are beginning to bear fruit.
Speaking at the conference, Deputy Head of the Control Housing, Construction and Natural Resources of the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia M. S. Kononenko emphasized that in the housing sector should be competition. The existing situation, it is not possible to change the control organization established even before the owners got an apartment, is fundamentally wrong and requires a change in the existing code. MS Kononenko called for the creation of self-regulatory organizations in the housing sector. In his opinion, it would be something of a sign of quality: if the company is a member of the SRO, she can be trusted.
There GP Khovanskaya noted the need to create a single database management companies, a kind of «black list» of those who are not worth more to start up on the market in any city of Russia. However, it is worth noting that in addition to the difficulties that have arisen in the construction industry at the small and medium enterprises in connection with the replacement of the licensing system self-regulation, there are certain concerns that innovation is no significant improvement in terms of quality of the companies will bring.
As regards management companies, according to MS Kononenko, there is need for substantial changes in the legislation. On the one hand, the existing provisions do not allow you to apply sanctions to the consumer non-payment before the expiration of the semi-annual debt, and this leads to the fact that the management company having difficulty with payment services. On the other hand, requires a change in the situation where the management company itself will be able to scroll through the six-month money consumers. All of this brings certain problems in the interaction between resursosnabzhayuschey, the management company and the consumer.
The association «Housing Strategy» is indeed very carefully considering each request, provide expert advice and, if necessary, provide legal assistance.
Such arrangements with competent and responsible organization always contribute to the establishment and strengthening of business contacts between public authorities, local governments, nonprofit organizations and business representatives.
Martha Cherednichenko, Natalia Sheveleva
Safe operation of lifts: new rules
February 16 in Moscow, TGC «Izmailovo», held an educational seminar «Implementation of works of capital nature in the housing. Ensuring safe operation of the elevator Park Russian in the new environment. «
Organizers of the seminar — self-regulatory organizations: Association of Business Cooperation «Liftservis» Interregional Association of expert organizations «Rusekspertlift» and «Inter-regional association of elevator companies» -natselivali your event to inform the owners of elevators and their representatives — HOA and managing companies — about the peculiarities of operation of elevators in the housing fund.
The seminar was attended by the heads of specialized elevator companies, HOA and managing companies, associations of the elevator industry and the sphere of management of residential real estate — only 205 delegates, representing 125 organizations from 56 cities of Russia.
content of the seminar, corresponds to the realities of this time of change not only in the elevator industry, exacerbated by the difficulties of the economic crisis, has included many issues of great social importance and significant public outcry.
The seminar program offered to the participants to consider and discuss such topical and important topics such as «Implementation of works of capital nature, including elevator, in the housing stock»; «Technical regulations» On the safety of lifts «new rules of the game»; «Voluntary self-regulation in the field of housing: the present situation and immediate prospects»; «What is good and what is bad: recommendations on the selection of contractors for the execution of works of capital nature, elevator works.»
Training was conducted by Director General of CO ADS «Liftservis» IG Dyakov. Announcing the key moments of the seminar, he gave the floor to the Assistant Deputy Chairman of the Property Committee of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, SL Vakhitov.
According to the MP, «the problem of the works of a capital nature in the housing, ensure no dangerous operation of elevator fleet of Russia in the new environment for a long time to be resolved.»
— Since the summer of 2009 — recalled SL Vahitov — active work on creation of self-regulation institute in Russia. Generally, in the world there are two types of control: the state and self-regulation. What is a «regulation»? It is the development of the regulatory framework, the so-called normalization — and control. Currently the world’s only three countries involved in government regulation: the Russian Federation until 2009, India and China. In other states, self-regulation works.
Self-regulation was created for centuries. For Russia, it is a kind of innovative, well, for the world is, in general, the normal course, implying activity units that perform some type of work. For example, there is a trend, as the management of apartment buildings. Accordingly, there is a self-regulatory organization governing houses. There are lifts organizations involved in the operation of elevators — so they are relevant SRO.
In our country, the process of self-regulation are the best workers enterprises, included in the system of housing and communal services. More than half voluntarily created in Russian self-regulatory organizations are managing companies. Intermediate can be called liftovikov, they are four self-regulatory organizations.
All that we are doing — is an innovative direction for Russia, so in the development of self-regulatory organizations there is a lot of questions, especially in the relations between contractors, customers, management companies, specialized organizations and elevator etc.
According to SL Vakhitova, these questions need to be tight «to identify, discuss and come to a definite decision.»
IG Dyakov, making a small digression into the history of self-regulation in Russia, spoke about the peculiarities of its formation in the elevator industry, the related process problems and said:
— Liftoviki unanimously decided to establish the National Union of lift self-regulatory organizations, which aims to professionally lead this trend. We want to have strong, reliable, open partnerships with management companies and help each other — this is a guarantee for further development of both housing and communal services, as well as its integral part — elevators.
The use of lifts for evacuation of people from high-rise buildings
At the University of Cambridge, UK, the IV International Symposium dedicated to the behavior in case of fire. Delegates to the symposium were introduced to the latest considerations for the use of lifts in case of fire in high-rise buildings. The general opinion of the participants of the symposium: a turning point, and now the lifts are easily used in the fire, whereas earlier in this situation, they were used very rarely.
David Nicholson — a journalist. It is not in any state of the media in-formation. He lives in London and writes articles for the English newspapers of large format, international publications, a number of magazines and websites. He graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge University. The subjects of his publications: engineering, science, finance, travel and the arts.
A series of reports on the attack on the World Trade Center (WTC) in 2001, presented to delegates, demonstrate the difference in behavior when leaving the WTC towers 1 (on which was dealt the first blow) and the Tower of WTC 2. Lifts continued to work in the tower and WTC 2 helped people to get out of the building before the explosion — it has saved nearly 3 000 lives. Still, about 200 people were killed in both towers, or in elevators or waiting for elevators.
Studies have shown how the daily life of the inhabitants of these two towers depended on elevators. Almost 90% of the survivors did not know where the stairs are out of their offices, and 94% — have never gone out of the building on the stairs as part of fire training.
It is worrying that 68% of survivors are obese or are overweight. Because of this, it was difficult to get out of the building on the stairs on which any congestion. A lot of people trying to leave the building, faced with fire, try to get into the building — hence the delay in evacuating people from the building.
— People were not prepared for the physical challenges associated with coming down the stairs — explains Jason Eyverill from the National Institute of Standards and Technology, — they do not know how to walk the stairs.
After the tragedy at the World Trade Center all sounds insistently lifts the requirement to create a fire enclosure. The new high-rise buildings are often taken into account the security aspects of elevators installed in them. Experts believe that the world is no less than 10 high-rise buildings with fully protected from fire elevators, but strict standard for such structures yet to be finalized.
Last International Building Standard, published in 2009, allows the use of lifts in case of fire, but does not impose any obligation on the developer of the building or real estate developers in this regard.
— Buildings must move to secure the elevator shaft — said at a symposium in Cambridge, Peter Johnson of the project company Arup. -The Need to ensure the protection of the elevator control, increase the structural strength of the shaft, as well as dual power supplies are needed.
Johnson believes that the need for a fire enclosure construction elevator rising, but the industry is afraid of the related legal and production problems:
— One gets the impression that the industry is not inclined to change. I had to hear it all over the world. However, exerting pressure on it in order to accommodate ordinary elevator to the relatively small portion of the market.
In the UK for many years operating position of the British Standard 5588, allows the use of elevators as a means of evacuation of people with disabilities.
Jim Shields, founded in 1989 by a series of symposia on the behavior in case of fire, said:
— For me it remains a mystery why in North America are so reluctant to use elevators for this purpose .. This fear has arisen in the industry as a result of accidents, when the elevator did not go to the floor, because the contact button is activated by heat. And if the system is very complex, with a variety of applications, the system may malfunction.
Sami industry representatives indicate that professionals are working hard to develop a standard that will allow to use elevators in case of fire, though, as explained by David McCall from the company Otis, «it will take two to three years before the publication of this standard.» He maintains that lifts should be «secondary» means of stairs after the evacuation:
— We believe that there is a question of reliability. For example, when you need to lift out of service for maintenance and building designers are counting on him to evacuate, they do not necessarily provide the required reliability. Not yet proven, that the elevators — is a safe means of evacuating people.
McCall refuted criticism of Lift companies that have been slow to develop systems suitable for evacuation in case of fire due to obvious additional costs:
— I do not think this criticism justified. Yes, the changes will require certain costs, but I think it’s reasonable costs. Such structures can be easily developed. Require changes in hardware and software, in the construction of the building. It is unfair to blame the industry in that it slows down the process. With the Committee of the International Organization for Standardization, we are testing the understanding of the danger.
I think there is a question of marketing. We are implementing large-scale projects that take into account the concept of evacuation of the building, although the evacuation system is not yet written into the standard. The fact that the designers and developers want to assure their tenants: every effort is made to meet the requirements of building the future.
Other speakers noted that professional firefighters do not want to give others control of the elevators during a fire. In an emergency lifts usually come under the command of the fire brigade and are not available to the public building, so a shift of priorities in which the lifts are used in the order of things to bring people out of the building, will require the full approval of the fire department.
Returning to the discussion of the particular case the World Trade Center, Cambridge symposium delegates continued to debate about the original design of buildings, especially on the location of the stairs and elevators. Professor Ed Gailey at the University of Greenwich, argued that the staircases were incorrectly located and
The behavior in case of fire
Trying to predict the behavior of people on fire is committed difficulties because it is practically impossible to reproduce the conditions of a fire (especially if you do not set fire to any building) to check the reaction of people.
Researchers from many international universities gathered in the Cambridge International Symposium on the behavior of people in a fire in 2009, to share real stories of serious fires and that there was at this time.
The most dramatic were the stories of witnesses the attack on the World Trade Center in September 2001. As part of several research projects taken hundreds of interviews, focus groups are selected for, are written testimonies of those who experienced this event and who was his witness. Many of these stories made public only now, as research projects are nearing completion, and published the results.
Of course, there was a significant difference in the behavior of people in the tower of WTC 1, which first came under attack, and bashey WTC 2, in which almost all the people who were below the level of flying the aircraft, managed to escape, and their evacuation took place at 50% faster than the evacuation of the population Tower WTC 1. Many people fled to the roof, hoping for salvation from the helicopter, but the flow of hot air from a fire took away the opportunity. In the fourth part of all the survivors of this event subsequently observed psychological trauma.
The entire energy system WTC Tower 1 was broken after the attack, so it was difficult for people to get information, and the elevators were blocked and can not be used for evacuation. Redundant power supply could help in this situation, along with special mobile phones for fire protection that would ensure their connection to the main base of operations, especially in the absence of a functioning system of loudspeakers.
Another focal issue is caused by the presence in the building of a huge number of small companies that did not have proper training in fire. The level of awareness about the attack was different (12.5% of the witnesses saw the aircraft approach and crashed into the building, and some have realized that something is happening, but when he heard the roar of the falling elevator, fallen into the basement with dangling ropes).
In the Netherlands, a major fire in a football stadium came when fans began throwing at the same time on the crumpled paper and let flares. When the fire started, people within a few minutes remained in place, despite the obvious danger.
— Communication evacuation brigade refused — said Nancy Ober from the Netherlands Institute for Safety. — They could cancel the match, tell people to leave. But people stayed because they wanted to watch the match. Leaders of the stadium not opened the emergency exits, and did not provide any information to spectators.
To avoid the «herd mentality» of the building management should provide clear and timely information.
They built: they were too close to each other and are made of drywall, not concrete. However, he argued that no building is designed in order to withstand the type of the September 11 attacks. Normally the building have been designed for the evacuation of people from one floor, but after September 11, there is a tendency to take into account the evacuation of «all the people from the building.»
The question of the need to complete the evacuation of people from the building is debatable, since the events of September 11-type attacks are extremely rare and no re-planning will save people on the upper floors, if such attack again.
Robyn Gershon of College of Public Health at Columbia University Mailman told about her research with the victims in the attack of September 11 that «a group of survivors in the elevator» suffer certain psychological disorders years after the event. One group managed to get out of a stuck elevator with a small piece of metal from the scraper through the cabin wall, they made their way to the bathroom — free. Robin believes that it will take many more years before the elevators will be fully accepted as a rescue vehicle fires:
— There are problems with the system and the individual, she explained. — I do not think that fire brigades comfortable to use elevators because they cut off the elevators.
Several papers presented at Cambridge International Symposium on behavior in case of fire, it has been devoted to the question of how people are chosen by the building: what route they choose, how quickly decide whether they prefer stairs, escalators or elevators.
At the University of Greenwich in London, researchers have developed a computer simulation model of Exodus, to help understand how people make choices. Given the human and mechanical characteristics, kinetics, delays and management aspects, the model helps develop a strategy expert evacuation in case of fire.
But even in this case, he admitted Professor Ed Gale:
— We still do not know how people choose the way want to get out of the building. We do not know how long they are willing to wait for the elevator. Will there be a violation of the order? We can only simulate, assuming that people behave as experts would like, that they behaved.
The choice, of course, much easier to do with a good awareness. An elevator system, said Ed Gay Is should provide the public with knowledge about the likely time-out so that people can decide whether they do not go up the stairs.
In addition to good information systems, Peter Johnson of company Arup provided a list of other issues that must be addressed if the elevators will be more widely used in the fire. This includes training, educational training and more sophisticated control systems elevator, which if necessary can be replaced by manual control.
Emergency preparedness is getting worse in some places, says Jake Pauls. He found among employees of a growing reluctance to be responsible for fire safety. According to some reports, when a fire starts, some staff are reluctant to leave their jobs — or unwillingness of losing valuable transaction are working, or out of fear of losing their jobs as a result of disciplinary action for leaving the workplace.
Sometimes there is a dangerous confusion between those who must make the decision to evacuate, and those who know the best way to get out of the building. Experts propose to separate these two functions: the decision to withdraw from the building should take a senior manager, and the route should define responsible for fire safety.
The choice between stairs and an elevator, of course, becomes all the more clear, the higher we are in the building.
For example, above the 40th floor of 50% of people prefer to use the elevator, in part, because it is easier, and partly because it is faster. The fact that most people come to work every day with the help of an elevator, and just as well go with it, it makes it easier to use an elevator during a fire, even if they have been taught not to do so.
Increasing the degree of obesity and an aging population are placing additional burdens on the elevators as a means of evacuation. Statistics New Zealand said that if in 1954 people over 65 years old accounted for only 8% of the total population of the country, by 2040, they accounted for a quarter of all New Zealanders. It is expected that by 2051, the number of people over 85 years will increase from 56 000 to 320 000 people. Physical and cognitive deficiencies in due course make use of the lifts at the entrance to the building and leaving it even more important.
As for the younger members of society, the researchers cited figures showing that drinking and drugs were significant factors in many fires. One of the researchers proposed to introduce a new offense «Drunk in charge of the house», as it became the cause of many fires and an obstacle to, to get out of a burning house.
The technology for the provision of such information is certainly there, but the relationship between technology and the human factor remains a problem. Are we to cede control of the decision-making computer which, in terms of information received from sensors, says the elevator, on what floor he go? Or should remain human element, giving orders to the elevator? If so, how that person will prioritize movement of the elevator? Save a disabled 23-th floor or 12 people who can move from the 16th floor? Will the computer to calculate the relative benefit of waiting for the elevator when compared with the descent of the ladder?
— A computer can make a choice, but we do not trust him — said Norman Grёner college John Jay College. — We do not know what mistakes he can prevent an emergency. There is also a moral aspect of the decision of who should die and who — to survive. Legally, if you have information on the basis of which the choice is made, you are protected. But if you do not make an effort to find out everything you’re in even greater danger.
Working in conjunction with the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Grёner outlined the «Analysis of the requirements for situational awareness» for evacuation using elevators during a fire to help people with decision-making in critical situations.
It remains an open question whether Lift technology to overcome the natural human impulse to run to the stairs. In addition, there is a problem of choice: to run up and down when in the alternative, to stand helplessly waiting for the elevator that will sign you in a small space and potentially vulnerable.
As a specialist in security and maintenance of buildings Jake Pauls from the company Jake Pauls Consulting Services, evacuation of people from the building using elevators during a fire are discussed for several years, but any proposals to address this issue, including the behavior of people, need to be checked.
— To do this is not yet an appropriate mechanism — said Jake Pauls.
From a practical standpoint, it is impossible to measure the effectiveness of the elevators in case of fire, do not start a fire in the building, to see how people will try to get out of it. If people are willing to simulations wait for the elevator, but you never know whether they will be waiting in a burning building, and if so, for how long.
From the perspective of developers and builders in the debate came the commercial aspect. If the lift design and build fire-resistant standards and use them as a reliable means of escape, why do we need a ladder? This applies particularly to the super-high buildings, where people need a few hours to go down the stairs. Especially in our time, a growing percentage of people characterized by limited ability to move because of a disability or obesity. This option leaves more space available for rent, — to further benefit developers. Such a scenario is far from practical implementation, and against the safety specialists and industry representatives Lift, who repeated his argument that the ladder should be the primary means of evacuation. But by itself interesting is the fact that this option was generally someone’s support.
Jeffrey Tubbs from the company Arup delivered a report on the use of lifts in the ultra-high buildings. He analyzed the potential dangers of using elevators in critical situations, including extreme weather conditions, earthquakes, explosions or terrorist acts. Tubbs believes that building designers need to decide: who has the right to use elevators in case of fire — people in wheelchairs or all. According to him, further progress is needed in the design of performance-based to risk awareness, to provide sufficient information to enable use elevators during a fire safely and efficiently.
The main characteristics required for the elevator as a means of evacuation, is watertight. This is understandable, because the water in the actions of fire is in excess. In the Taipei 101 building, none of the 61 elevators do not have waterproof properties, according to Shen Chin-Wen of the Central Police University in Taiwan. However, using the elevators can evacuate the building in 50 minutes (and up the stairs — 150 minutes). And these statistics sound more convincing.
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The company produces a wide assortment of al-product of hydraulic systems to Idro cable Elettro, which are particularly suitable for buildings where you often carry a large number of people. Sele The company has developed special systems to ensure quiet operation, energy saving, no vibration, installation flexibility and a more rational use of space, thanks to the complete absence of the machine room, whose place on the outside of the shaft mounted control panel. New product company Sele — lifting platform SHL 300 capacity from 300 to 450 kg. It is compact and easy to install, is connected directly to a single phase outlet and consumes less energy than a small appliance.
Lifts Monofase: technology and energy saving
Electric Monofase elevators without machine room, you can connect directly to a single-phase network 220 with a simple 3-kilowatt counter for the block of flats in order to save the costs of installation and operation.
Lifts consume no more energy than necessary. The hydraulic system Idro (top) cable is used Elettro (below) tual «system, which takes the possible number of solar energy through photovoltaic panels. If the amount of solar energy is insufficient, the operation of the system ensures mains.
The system uses energy saving technology Monofase
Advantages of Monofase:
♦ The ability to measure a mixture of energy sources. Different amounts of energy from the power supply and solar panels to determine the optimum energy mix for each building.
♦ Safety even when power is lost. Extra batteries ensure operation of the elevator, even with long-term loss of power.
♦ Optimum use of space. Placing the mechanisms in the upper shaft eliminates the need for a special room.
♦ A full review. The morphology of the traction system with stepped arch in the absence of oil mines makes the system a viable option Monofase panoramic solutions.
♦ Structural stability. Fastening only on one wall of the elevator shaft ensures that the design constraints of the building will not be a problem.
♦ Perfect compatibility. Flexible systems allow you to set the size of its existing mines in small buildings or replace the old elevator design.