How to knit and to select the front sight
Say at once, this article is not about the specific technique of knitting flies. It’s about a friend. On the attempt to develop an integrated approach to their knitting and selection.
Every beginner knitter, as any water body, goes through several typical stages of development; At first I want to associate a certain fly, which caught the fish. By linking something and catch something most beginners go straight to the manufacture of classic salmon flies, or in ultra-realistic style. Then comes the third stage — to learn to knit right.
The first two stages are not only unnecessary, but harmful, it is very difficult to retrain the person originally does something wrong. How to learn to knit flies right?
In order to properly knit fly, it is necessary to master the basic technique (as corny as that sounds). In any learning process has two parts, theory and practice. Now it is easy to find manuals on basic techniques of fly tying. Fly fishing has long been of unknown exotic has become commonplace in almost every major city you can find a club section, just a few people.
catching fly fishing and fly binding, carried out seminars, competitions, there is the Internet, literature, films, broadcasts on television.
If you can not learn to live with the communication, you can resort to the help of programs for communication on the Internet, with video broadcast, but if there is no such possibility, then use the films and literature. With all the richness of choice, I can recommend four manuals on fly tying, which undoubtedly will give the necessary minimum without significant knowledge gaps and innuendo:
1. The cycle of conversations about fly fishing Evgeny Boxer and Michael Tolokonnikova in the magazine «Angler» and a series of articles in the journal Eugene Boxer "Fisherman-Elite".
2. The Book of Mikhail Shishkin’s «Fly fly.»
3. The cycle of movies Igor Tyapkina.
4. Binder magazine «Fly fishing».
When teaching knitting the same principle as in learning to throw the: do not catch fish, until you learn to confidently throwing cord. So it is in your knitting, do not knit fly fishing, is not put in hand.
So, finding a guide or teacher, a novice knitter trying to knit flies. From the outset, we must learn to do it right, which is to follow a few guidelines:
1. Do not rush in fly fishing than do slower, the faster the result is achieved.
2. Do not be greedy, fly — this is not the rod, it is consumable, sooner or later it will be lost, so do not shake on each related beauty spot if something you do not ustaivayte — cut. The most important tool fly fisherman — a sharp knife to kill flies properly connected.
3. Being a perfectionist and boring. Forget the words almost come down, like. The front sight must be perfectly connected to each element — or under the knife.
In Internet forums, many anglers spread the photos crooked slyapat freaks, commented Tina: «Variations on a Theme,» «My personal technique», «Improvisation». Every musician, every artist knows that to improvise and create their own technology is only possible with the perfect base technology. If you associate March Brown with protruding from the head thread, asymmetric wing and scanty tail, this is not an improvisation, and basic inability, if properly and carefully tie the same fly, but adding a tail of bright filaments and completing the orange head, it will be improvised.
How to achieve a good technique? The answer is simple and banal: it is necessary to knit a lot. No other way. Any fly consists of several elements. First you need to break a fly on multiple elements and achieve their ideal performance. Harness the elements is in the same order in which they are formed at gunpoint, roughly in that order:
1. Securing Shipi on the hook and the formation of the substrate.
2. Securing podgruzki (this item is not available in all the flies, for it is necessary to study it).
3. Securing the winding and tail.
4. Formation of the body (there are many techniques of formation of the body, it is desirable to know at least three: the silk from dabbinga and yarn).
5. Securing and formation of their brush.
6. Coil body.
7. Production of the wing.
I. The formation and consolidation of the head.
9. Finishing lacquer.
As for working with yarn, it is the most important skill, and work with the basic elements necessary to master the thread first.
So: you have a vise, a basic set of tools, materials and a basic set of benefits, or some friend who owns technique. Take the hook, just give advice, take a large hook № 4-6. Hold the hook in a vise, and learn how to fix the thread again, advice, take the thread bright colors: lemon or orange, you can take a thread thicker and do not necessarily take the mounting thread and synthetic thread will of haberdashery. Master the five basic elements of the work of thread:
1. Anchoring filaments — the thread must be attached to the hook tightly in one layer.
2. The unwinding yarn — fly, it is necessary to knit flat untwisted thread.
3. The winding hooks thread — straight, turn to turn.
4. Securing elements — must learn to attach the hook in different places feathers, fur. other pitch, the wire securely and at the same time not creating unnecessary thickening. The thread in the fixture should be slightly promazyvat blacking — it will not give loose thread
5. Forming head and finishing unit — head should be level and commensurate with the size of the hook.
Try to perform all the actions with a thread with a maximum tension, for this several times fasten thread on the hook and tear off it, it will give you an idea of sufficient tension force.
To put a hand is cut and tie each of these elements at least ten times.
Having mastered the technique of working with the yarn, you can proceed to podgruzku to ponytail of feathers and fur, and then to the formation of a body to dabbingam, dabbingovym loops and threads, work with feathers and fur.
Knit each element separately and several times. When re-connected elements will receive the same neat, go to the following, even if you feel that everything turns out, not in a hurry to knit fly fishing. Do not hurry. When learn how to knit all the elements of the fly, tie a dozen identical baits and compare — if the quality of the first and last will be at the same level, you can move on to other flies. The more time you spend on the development of proper technique, the easier it will be to knit the front sight. There is another quality test — try to break the associated fly. If it is connected properly to tear the wing, tail or dismiss the head will be very difficult. Fly should be strong, it will not only get into the fish’s mouth and fight the fast-flowing, disperse cord fly moving at speeds up to 180 km / h, and improperly connected simply do not live to fish.
If you believe that we have achieved some success, then try to create your first box of flies. Now, knowing how to knit, and being able to do it, the most common question arises novice knitters: that is connected.
To give a concrete answer to this question is quite difficult. We live in a very big country, and in different regions inhabited by various species of fish and, therefore, operate various flies. There are a few universal flies that work virtually anywhere. Classic literature fly Hans Shtaynfort argued that enough to start two flies. Japanese fly fisherman went on, they believe that all the fish you can catch one fly. Do not get involved minimalism as it is not necessary to wear hundreds of different fishing flies.
The selection of flies often triggered reverse line of reasoning: fly fisherman opens magazine (comes in the online forum, watch TV), he sees an interesting lure knits her, trying to catch a fish on it. This is a very common mistake. It is much more logical to go the opposite way: select the pond to determine the species composition of fish and fly to pick up, the corresponding interest-based feed the fish at this time of year. For example, a fisherman living in central Russia, have to accept a certain river — is a narrow lowland river with a medium-fast currents, sand and pebble bottom, rifts, stretches, twists abounding with water overhanging bushes and trees. In such a river inhabited: bleak, ide, roach, perch and pike. Conclusions on the presence of these species can be done on the basis of personal experience, and mingle with the locals. Angler fish like chub, knowing the habits of the fish and on the assumption that the river flows through forests and meadows, it concludes that fall into the pond beetles, grasshoppers and ants. That there are at least three types of flies can work. Knits and puts it in a box simulating a beetle, the grasshopper and the ant. Further, in a river inhabited by aquatic insects: mayflies, caddis flies, stoneflies. Moreover, these insects have several varieties, but our hero does not know exactly what kind of live in the river, so it will connect the simulation of different insects, and on the banks try to pick what lives in the river, but chub can eat more and fry, then dovyazhet even streamers, but because there are flies in the fantasy chub, which he loves, our fisherman and podvyazhet. And remembering that aquatic insects have several stages of development, dovyazhet also simulate larvae imitations pop-up insects, and here’s another chub love crabs, suddenly will bite only in imitation of cancer, although they say that even mice chub eats …
Naturally, I bring the situation to absurdity. Fisherman simply can not find the right fly out of all the described diversity. It is enough to tie five or six different flies five or ten. Arriving at the river, do not dwell only on catching the fish, wait to collect gear, look around, look at the water. Even if you do not catch any fish, try to learn how to look and see. The transparency of the water, the temperature of water and air, light and time of day, floating on the water insects that live in the meadow grasshoppers, wind direction — pay attention to everything around. The situations of the series: the fish did not take anything other than imitation stoneflies quick brown body and a green tail — it is a rare case, usually fish eats constantly and diversely.
Before you talk about knitting, a little talk about the schools. Any creative process gives rise to the phenomenon of style or school. There are authorities, there are currents, attracted adherents. If you delve into the history, styles and schools of fly tying, you can write a few plump volumes. We, as a limited amount of journal articles will address this topic in thesis. There is a classic technique fly tying, originally as fly fishing and all of the good old England. No synthetics, only natural materials. Antagonists of this approach — Americans do not limit themselves any canons, their principle is to catch the fly, and it does not matter from which it is associated. Stand out Czechs and Poles with their «short nymphs» and Scandinavians, with their powerful rapids rivers. Not without pride, and it is necessary to recognize the existence of the Russian school of fly fishing, outstanding representatives of the Russian school is to fly the Kola Peninsula, Kamchatka and the Far East. In the Far East live mulrys Japanese, with thousands of years of experience and tenkary Kebara. New Zealanders and people of Latin America have contributed to the treasury of the world of fly fishing. If we talk about style, without reference to the territories, I would have said two opposite style copyright. On the one hand, Sir Oliver Edwards with his superrealistichnymi imitations of insects, and on the other — repp Roman Moser with its simple to primitivism flies, and, characteristically, both styles can live together and both the master of fishing for fun. Bottom line talking about styles, give my humble opinion: do not go to one side, try to take the best from everywhere,
So we sit down to knit flies. Let’s take a very simple fly — Red Tag, despite its simplicity, is one of the Flies, it’s hard to say what fish it is not caught. I use this as a fly in a dry form and a wet form and various nymphs, beginning to associate a series of dry flies.
The cornerstone of flies — hook. Take the most common hook, the hook is usually of average length, with a round bend and bent down at a 45 ° ring. It is understood that should impose flies of different sizes. It is not necessary to choose the number of hooks in a row, especially in small rooms, it is better to jump over the number. I would take the following numbers: 16, 12, 8.
Why is 18 minutes too small and on top of us and torment fry verkhovka. 16 minutes is quite a good choice in low-biting, 12th versatile and most in demand, the 8th is good when leaving large chub and asp.
We begin to knit with the largest hook nabem hand and count up the material flow to remain at least scraps.
And here there is a question how to knit flies? The most annoying fishing — catching capacity is left without a fly, I experienced it myself. And for myself, I decided not to keep less than ten flies one type and size in the box. Unfortunately, the tears do not fly the big fish. We are torn off when properly deployed cord pulls the wind take their share of the bushes, grass and overhanging branches. And sometimes you have a friend to share. Your work, knit the way you want to, but I thought to myself. Ten — minimum and tested flies vyvyazyvayut I in an amount such as hooks in the box. Usually twenty-five pieces.
By linking a series of flies in one size, compare them visually. Flies should be identical, it is not just beautiful, but ensures a repeat bites when replacing flies.
Knitting dry and wet flies in this case, has no fundamental differences in terms of technology, but especially talk about nymphs. For nymphs coined a special hook shape, with extended forearm and right ring. The reason is that the nature of the larvae of aquatic insects is somewhat longer than that of adults and subimago. A common feature is the presence of nymphs podgruzki. The faster and more depth for the more podgruzki we have placed on the body of nymphs, and often a situation where we were binding to exactly the same type of flies, but different mass. You can arrange them in different compartments of the box, but they are easily confused in the process of catching. It is much easier to add a contrasting rings from the mounting thread to the head, but make a note not to confuse what color it represents. I note, in the same way you can mark e flies externally similar heads, but from different materials. Regarding the records and diaries — it makes sense to keep a record of flies, and make your own rating, the more that there are many applications for all devices.
Summing up, we say that knitting is better to fly large series, on different numbers of hooks and knitting process, you can celebrate different flies with the help of contrast detail.
No less important than the process of knitting, it is the question of storage and packaging boxes of flies. The most convenient way to store large fly boxes, stuck in a strip of foam. to make such a box can be most of the holders of the videotapes and bath mats. Very comfortable box obtained from plywood boxes from chess and checkers. This is a box for storage on the fly pond is shifting in special boxes. Let us examine this element of equipment in more detail. Avoid metal boxes divided into compartments with spring caps in such compartments are loose and fly by opening the cover can be easily dropping. Do not buy a «classic» boxes with spring clips. Boxes with combs and plates of foam is also not the best choice — is always a chance to catch a tiny lump of white material and scare the fish, purses made of leather and sheepskin are curious anachronism. Most, in my opinion, the right choice — a box with a curly strips of foam, which is inserted into the fly without sticking. The first released to the market this type of pods Japanese craftsmen from company C&F. To date, there are many clones of these boxes, but not everyone is able to repeat their amazing quality. Unlike the imitators, the firm C&F makes boxes for different size hook for different types of flies, combining them in the most bizarre manner, the system is especially useful FFS- !, which is a few sizes of boxes with removable inserts.
We return to the question of integration, on what basis to equip boxes? Izsvoego experience (and next season I seventeenth) say that there is no single criterion for picking boxes. There are basic principles that when flies are arranged by type: dry, wet, nymphs, streamers, etc. You can lay out the flies in size: large, medium, small. Personally, for myself, I stick to the mixed approach. I travel on certain types of rivers and understand about what flies will catch what fish to a certain type of body of water, and varying seasonal boxes.