Erythronium not very common in gardens, but deserve much more — beauty and elegance of form, variety of colors, their flowers are among the most beautiful spring plants.
In the mountains and on the plains, open forests and on the edges, in a temperate climate and subtropical regions grow very beautiful spring, the plant of the family Liliaceae of the genus Eritronium. Another name — canine tooth (erythronium) — this family has received for its resemblance with the European eritroniuma bulbs canine tooth. Of the 25 known, until recently, most species grows in North America. It was believed that in Russia grows only three types — k.sibirsky, Caucasian and Japanese. In the study of Siberian erythronium additionally allocated to. Sulev to. And Sayan. Krylova. Erythronium used in the compositions of spring among the trees and shrubs in the garden and in the semi-open areas with other spring plants. The most attractive looks planting in groups of 3-5 plants.
Erythronium — small plants with two basal leaves, pointed and smooth straight stalk bearing a single flower (the American species, their number can reach up to 6-8). Corolla pink, magenta, white, or yellow.
In the middle zone to grow well and hibernate without shelter many species, but because snowless frost them better shelter for the winter dry leaves. They usually bloom in mid-April — early May, depending on weather terms are subject to change. Open flowers are usually decorative about two weeks, but the heat can shorten the flowering up to several days. In rainy weather and at night the flower petals fall, closing the anthers and pistil.
Popular species and varieties
The height of 10-15 cm. Leaves with purple spotty pattern. Single flower light pink, some varieties of purple or white with a strongly curved back petals. The bulbs are small with a sharp, often brownish apex, creamy white. In nature, it grows in beech and mixed forests. Perfectly reproduces daughter Lou malleable and good withstand low temperatures. Distributed varieties developed by Dutch and American breeders:
• ‘Rose Queen’ and ‘Rose Beauty’ — Flowers light-pink-lo
• ‘Pink Perfection’ — the flowers are very large, bright pink
• ‘Charmer’ — light pink flowers with a large brown spot at the base of the petals, after flowering burnable to almost white
• ‘White Splender — flowers are white with pink kremovo- back in the center, have a red-brown stain
• ‘Snowjlake’ — white flowers
• ‘Frans Hals’ — flowers uzkolepestnye, Pur-Purna, with golden-green spots at the base of the petals.
The height of 12-35 cm. There are about 10 varieties to. Siberian selected Skakunova of wild populations. Including:
• ‘White Fang’ — the flowers are large, white
• ‘Zoya’- flowers bright pink
• ‘Olga’ — light pink flowers
• ‘Mountain Shoriya’- lilac flowers
The height of 10-25 cm. Petals lanceolate, length-term 2.5-4 cm, white or pale yellow.
Found in supplies from the Netherlands. The plant is high — up to 40 cm. Petals lanceolate, about 3 cm long, golden with greenish base. Distributed Class ‘Pagoda’ with lemon-yellow flowers and mottled leaves.
Rare species and varieties
Rare: a. Japanese with an exquisite pattern on the petals, cream to the variety. California ‘White Beauty’, in. Henderson with light pink flowers. Even rarer in Russia to grow belotsvetkovy. Whitish to. Bent with cream flowers to. Large-flowered and yellow. Mountain with beautiful white flowers with wavy petals.
Almost all kinds of erythronium in nature grow on rich clay soils, often on limestone. The garden is optimal SMO-you to them are neutral, mind-Renno tucked organic loam. The claim that these plants need acidic peat soils, wrong. In the spring, it is desirable full sun, but in the summer the plants need a little shade, so the best place to fit in the summer shaded areas or under trees. They grow well in mixborders among grasses and large, but not aggressive plants that cast a shadow on them.
Sit and bulbs can be transplanted from mid-June until the lo-sparse forests of August, and in dry years and to Sulphur Dina September. The bulbs are planted at a depth of typically 10-15 cm and 10 cm apart. When planting bulbs American species to increase the depth of 16-20 cm. The bulbs do not have protective shells and air-dry quickly, to it for storing them neatly cleaned from the ground and placed in a little damp sfag-asl. Store them before planting can be not more than 1.5 weeks in a cool place. But it’s best to plant them immediately after digging.
Feeding and Care
In preparing the site for re-erythronium recommended to make 1 sq. 100 g m-com plex fertilizer «Kemira-wagon», 50 g of calcium nitrate, 2-3 buckets of compost and 2-4 cups of ash.
At one location depending on the type erythronium can grow and bloom annually 4-8 years without change. Therefore, you should regularly feed plants in the spring at the start of the growing season (can be dry granulated fertilizer in the snow), and at the time of exit stems. The first feeding — 20-30 g ammophoska or other complex fertilizers, the second — liquid — 10 g of complex fertilizer and 20 g kal-tsievoy nitrate in a bucket of water. After sub-Stern is desirable to wash the spray solution of fertilizer, watering planting clean water.
More often propagated erythronium daughter bulbs them — a sort. On the Euro, tuolumniyskogo and others. But nekoto rye species as. Caucasian, bad fall, so they are propagated by seed. Seeds are collected when the boxes begin to turn yellow and slightly opened, and immediately sow into prepared containers at a depth of 1-2 cm. Top sprinkle them with compost, watering, they put a label with the name and VRE-Menem seed collection and dropwise con container in a shady place. In hot and dry weather crops mulch peat or compost layer of 2-3 cm. In the spring after the snow melting mulch easily removed by digging a container and shaking off the excess at a slight inclination. Shoots appear in spring, releasing only a cylindrical sheet. From planting to flowering plants takes place 4-7 years.
All bulbs have sworn enemies: the mouse and mole crickets. And if in your garden of these pests are common, every winter turns into a guessing: spring bloom your favorites or eat. Means of struggle known, but a safety net is better to plant the plants in different corners of the garden. In some cases, the use of containers helps, but not always. And erythronium beautiful and almost problem-free plants that can please you every spring.