Karas is represented by two species — silver (oblong) and gold (ordinary round) carp. Goldfish — Carassius d1eIo. Golden carp — Carassius Carassius.

They differ in shape, color and some external morphological features. Golden common carp is one of the hardiest species. Goldfish different silver colored abdomen and sides. It can occur in large rivers where the preferred location without rapid flow. Silver carp grows faster and reaches the common carp weighing more than 1 kg. Carp less susceptible to dangerous diseases, making them more profitable farming.

Meat golden carp has valuable gastronomic qualities. It is easily separated from the bones. If the meat has a specific smell carp algae or slime, then carp grew in swampy pond.

Contents and habitats Carp

Carp lives in Central and Eastern Europe as well as in Siberia in swampy, overgrown ponds in the rivers is less common. He loves silt. Karas — typical fish pond, thus resistant to adverse environmental conditions.

Carp love to dwell in closed reservoirs — small lakes, ponds, water-filled pits, marshy forest lakes, peat quarries, quiet backwaters of rivers. Goldfish often prefers running water. Carp loves muddy, overgrown with algae on the bottom of the depth of 2 m. Because the plants prefer water lily (lilies and the capsule), growing at a depth of 3-4 m, and thickets of Eurasian water milfoil (ne-ristolistnika) and pondweed. Urrutia attracts snails, worms and larvae, so eagerly carp comes in its thickets. Karas, like any other fish, not like Hornwort because its leaves contain tannin, tanning properties which repel small insects and larvae, which are food for fish.

Carp — inactive fish. So they feel good in the thickets of aquatic vegetation. There, the fish finds food: worms, crustaceans, insects, larvae, detritus, algae.

Carp are very tenacious, he adapted to the drying up of water bodies, and for a long time can go without water, burrowing into the mud and falling to sleep as long as the reservoir is filled with water again. Carp can also spend the winter in the winter completely frozen pond. He is frozen in the ice, and when the heat comes, the ice melts and the carp alive again.

Once the water warms enough, carp appears near the shore. It occurs in about May, when the water temperature is about 15 ° C. On hot summer days, carp is kept near the shady places.

Karas has a gentle disposition, can not defend themselves and quietly floats. That is why it becomes an easy prey for predatory fishes. For this reason, carp can be found almost everywhere where there is no predators.

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