Publisher «Engineering» in 1985 issued a textbook for students of secondary special educational institutions «Labour protection in the data center.» The authors — G. sybarite, NN Skolotnev VK Vasin, VN Naginaev, -Problems labor protection in the context of the scientific and technical progress, and intensification of production are very serious. The technological revolution, which determines productivity growth and to facilitate human labor, is associated also with the negative factors in the growth of industrial injuries, fire hazards and occupational diseases. These circumstances largely determine the relevance of this book, which is a summary of modern scientific achievements in the field of labor. The book will help engineers and technicians datacenter arm themselves with knowledge about the socio-economic, organizational, technical, sanitary and preventive measures to ensure no-danger, maintaining the health and efficiency of the staff.
The book consists of an introduction and four sections.
In the first section, setting out the main provisions of the legislation on occupational safety, the authors commented on the provisions of the Constitution of the USSR, the Russian Federation Labor Code and other legal rules governing the creation of safe working conditions in the workplace. The main attention they paid to the complex rules of safety and industrial hygiene VTS system safety standards adopted in recent years by the State Committee of Standards of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. It also disclosed the organizational issues of creating safe working conditions in the premises ETI: the organization of occupational health services, integrated planning activities, procedure training in safe methods of work and instruction in the workplace, as well as the investigation, accounting, analysis, economic evaluation of occupational accidents and diseases.
The second section outlines the main objectives of industrial sanitation and health in the EC on the basis of sanitary and hygienic characteristics of technological processes. Solved the problem of creating favorable conditions for the work of operators, taking into account the organization of the workplace, the interior point of operational management and the colors of the premises and equipment.
The third section is devoted to electrical benefits. Maintenance of existing computers, conducting switching, repair, commissioning and subsequent tests require strict fulfillment of a number of organizational and technical measures and the availability of funds to ensure the protection of people from harmful and dangerous effects of electric current, arcing and static electricity.
Informing about the basics, terms and definitions of electrical safety, the authors rightly stressed that in accordance with the classification of electrical hazards room machine room, space for service and maintenance are for rooms with increased risk, where the environment increases the likelihood of electric shock. This has led the authors detail the main reasons for electro-VC and measures to protect against injury.
Particular attention is paid to the protective grounding devices, vanishing, methods of protection against accidental contact or dangerous proximity to electrical parts under voltage.
The fourth section is devoted to the prevention and suppression of fires. This knowledge is necessary for engineers and technicians the industry as fire safety regulations require the appointment in each section from among the persons responsible for fire safety, the duties of which can be successfully implemented if they are supported by the expertise of fire business.
The authors describe organizational measures to combat the fire, given the characteristics of the process of combustion and explosive properties of some substances called and the factors determining the fire danger of industrial buildings and technological processes on the VC.
The disadvantages of the book need to include poor coverage of legal issues of labor protection, types of responsibility for violation of its rules. The textbook is reported only on the responsibility of officials, while the law provides for liability for violation of safety rules for the direct contractors, whose fault occurred or that accident. Not got the lighting GOST 12.4.026-76 «Colors signaling and safety signs», the introduction of which in the practice of occupational safety is being actively carried out service workers safety.
The section on the basics of fire protection without the disclosure of important direction of fire fighting — training and playing evacuation plans in case of fire. Not in the book and recommendations for action primary VC workers in case of accidents and fires.
These shortcomings is largely due to the vastness of the subject «Occupational Safety», which is a body of knowledge from various fields of natural sciences and humanities. In general, this tutorial can be recommended to students and colleges, and all Rabotnicki CC.