Home Agnes Barto career coincided with the formation of children’s literature in our country. After a major change in the political structure of the huge state, many writers did not understand how and, most importantly, what to write for young readers. The works were traced feeble attempts to adapt to the new reality. Soviet time between needed patriotic books, raising the reader’s sense of love of country; exciting, but at the same time close to reality.
The main example for aspiring writers and poets Vladimir Mayakovsky then became, in 1925, wrote «The Tale of Pete, fat kid, and Sims that are thin» and «What is good and what is bad.»
From the beginning of his way in literature Agnes L. aware that children’s writer should also vospitatelem.Pered poet task was to educate builders obschestva.Pervye new book of poems for children young author Barto came in 1925. They were called «Kitaychonok Wang Li» and «Mishka-thief.»
One of the first in children’s literature of those years Agnes L. took up the topic of international brotherhood. In 1927 she wrote the book «Bratishki», which was enthusiastically received by readers and translated into dozens of languages. Before Agnes Barto no one is available, and not just talked about ideas guys internationalism and international brotherhood. Negro, kitaychonok, small Indian -All they waited for a hard life, but still in the infancy of the mother’s mouth, they heard important: «Do you have any brothers, you are not alone.» When to come to power in Germany, Adolf Hitler, «Bratishki» Agnes Barto burned at the stake there. Barto extremely proud of this fact, as her poems were burned along with those books, which the Germans have seen the danger of propagation of communism.
Then, from the pen of Agnes Barto came «the October asterisk» and «An asterisk in the woods.» In these works, the writer, to seek new forms, combining prosaic dialogue with poems.
The first dramatic work Barto was a theatrical review «Million postmen», which traced its excellent educational method. It’s fun, imbued with satire game show for children, first staged in 1934. Auditorium, participate in activities, divided into «correspondents» and «postmen». In an unobtrusive, fun, but at the same time very clear form the guys saw how friendly laughter helps to cure deficiencies.
Admission laughter that «cures», Bart uses, and in a series of satirical sketches, written together with her first husband, poet Paul Barto — books «revushka Girl» and «Girl grubby». Satirical verses become the brightest and favorite genre Agnes Barto for life.
In his first poems, skits poet ridiculed any one, negative, character trait. Among them, «We with Tamara», «Cook», «talkers» and others. Then the poem have become more common, they have loomed multilateral poetic image. In some places the author resorted to gentle humor, and sometimes used the satirical and sharp strokes. There we see the characters in the books «The Juggler», «Our neighbor, Ivan Petrovich», «Bullfinch» and others. Most important skills Agnes Barto was the fact that the children understood the moral of the poem without much moralizing.
Agnes L. wrote: «It’s always fun to come back to verses. I came to the conclusion that they are well accepted by funny poems, which can be heard live, children’s natural tone. Some wonder, as a poet, an adult can convey feelings and intonation, for example, boys schoolboy. Once Nikolai Tikhonov asked me how in the poem "Bullfinch"Written on behalf of the boy, the author of the feelings of his hero and, at the same time makes it clear to the reader "Adult", Ironic attitude of the author to this hero. Similarly, I could not answer that question. Maybe here and it comes to the aid of an organic understanding of the child’s property, which makes the poet "children"».
The poems Agnes Barto not just laugh, they teach children discipline, courtesy, respect for labor. In an article published in the newspaper «Pravda» in 1934, the poet shared his thoughts: «Our children are doing a double-digit growth. They grow as it should be for all children, and, in addition, grow together with our rapidly growing country. They often surprise us with their issues affect the requirements and yet, unfortunately, they are no longer impress us than we of his books. «
Topics dictates life
After a trip to Spain in 1937, Agnes L. creates works devoted to the children of this country, drowned in the horrors of war — «Above the sea star» and «I am with you.» Poet managed to convey the feelings kids, living under the constant bombing:
Anita says brother
— Month in the sky faded,
From the darkness of Nazi aircraft will protect us.
Do not be afraid of the dark:
In the dark you can not see.
And when the battle starts,
Do not be afraid — I am with you …
(From the poem «I am with you»)
Book Agnes Barto «Toys» for many decades, it remains a model of poetry for the youngest readers. Has not yet learned to put words from the letters, the child learns interesting and funny line of her poems.
Collections follow in 1939 and 1940 highlighted the constant contact Barto child audience. They told about everything that surrounded the children in your life, at school, at home, in the yard. Among them — the poem «The House moved», «cricket», «Junior.» For example, in the poem «to leave» the poet tells of the friendship between children with a puppy:
Puppy fed milk.
That he grew up healthy.
Getting up at night and secretly to him running barefoot -Emu touch your nose.
They taught the boys puppy
I was working with him in the garden,
And he said, slightly frustrated,
Chagall on occasion.
(From the poem «to leave»)
In 1939, Agnes L., together with Rina Green wrote the script popularly beloved movie «foundling». Barto came up for the heroine of his girlfriend Faina Ranevskaya’s famous phrase: «Mulya not nervous about me.» The film tells the story of a girl who was alone in the street and lost. Expert in child psychology, Bart has managed to build a screenplay so that shows the character of the people through the prism of their meetings with the little heroine. Lyricism combined with satire and humor — all this has brought great love picture viewers. The success of the film and helped consummate cast. Faina Ranevskaya in one of the main roles proved to be inimitable.
In the future, Agnes L. write a few scripts. On them will be filmed «The Elephant and the Rope» (1945), «Alyosha Ptitsyn produces character» (1953), «10000 Boys» (1962).
In 1940, Bart and Rina Green wrote the play «The Perils of Dating» («Dima and Vova»). It raised questions of morality and behavior of children. «Perils of Dating» was delivered in many children’s theaters in the country. Through humor he led viewers to play an important pedagogical conclusions.
Since the beginning of the Great Patriotic War in the works of Agnes Barto began to appear more and more heroic motifs. Her new character — a young Uralets who gets up at the bench, in the book «There is a student.» Barto wrote not only poetry: her song «Urals great fight» took first place in the regional competition of the song.
In 1947, to the thirtieth anniversary of the October Revolution, Agnes L. creates poem «Your holiday». The poem became the first in the collection «Poems for Children», for which in 1950 the writer was awarded the USSR State Prize (the Stalin Prize of the second degree). The next in this collection was the very poem «Zvenigorod», which served as the starting point of a long work to find missing children during the war.
Another poem by Agnes Barto — «He was fourteen years old,» written to the thirtieth anniversary of the Lenin Komsomol — tells the reader about the meditations of the young Leni Borodin about his future. Leonid talks about whether he is worthy to be a Komsomol. He is not a hero, not an A student, no special cases he did not commit. The writer masterfully shows how the desire to be a hero becomes gradually conscious desire of the adult bear benefit his people.
An interesting section of the book «I live in Moscow», dedicated to the 800th anniversary of his native city of the poet. The story of the life of the capital it is on behalf of the student Petit:
I’m on foot to walk the streets of our love Clean, shaded,
It leads to the Kremlin.
Next goes the street
Not spreading not uzitsya.
We are on this street from the back of the school,
We stand with the guys,
Two hours to say goodbye.
(From the poem «My street Ordynka»)
Individual books came out two poems Agnes Barto — «Peter draws» (1951) and «Good Evening» (1952). Barto recalled that the idea of the book «Peter draws» she was born after overheard students. One of them asked: «Peter, give me the black paint» — and asked a friend why he is one black paint, replied: «But I draw the capitalists!». With a brush of his hero Barto depicts important events in the world. On the page «black deeds» American planes bombed Korean children, and where joyful paint — the future of the field of wheat. Agnes L. was a great connoisseur of child psychology. She recalls: «After writing the first chapter of this book, I read it on the radio and asked the guys asking: draw everything that, in their opinion, drew the hero of the poem. I got a lot of drawings. Children portrayed the world as they saw it, and I was once again surprised by the depth of their feelings and their modern representations. «
In the «good evening» appears completely new for Barto theme — the theme of collective farms. Shura fifth-grader spends the evening on the farm. I wonder how the poet describes the education of rural children who are familiar with electricity, radio. Children dream of, so that they appeared on the farm engineer.
A special place in the works of the poet has always taken the theme of the brotherhood of nations. Agnes L. was a member of the Central Board of the Soviet-Bulgarian friendship, as well as president of the Association of literature and art for children at the Union of Soviet Societies for Friendship (USSF). In this association were prominent children’s writers, artists, teachers, music leaders, artists and illustrators of children’s libraries experienced workers. The participants discussed the problems of complex aesthetic education, the best of the experience they shared with their foreign colleagues. Recalls Agnes L., they found «their way of rapprochement» with the foreign colleagues who are worried about the spiritual health of children. At one of the exhibitions of Soviet children’s book, prepared by Association of famous foreign poet said, «I envy you, we have a poet writes poetry for themselves, for others and for the poets of the Lord God, and you have to millions of children, feeling, loving poetry.»
Friendliness of children from different countries, new feelings of the young man devoted to Agnes L. books- «Redskins» (1958), «Black novice» (1960), «On the track, the Boulevard» (1967). The same theme can be traced and removed the scenario Barto film «OOO 10 boys.»
Satire and lyrics
In 1958 he published a large series of satirical poems for children «Leshenka Leshenka …», «Helen with a bouquet», «Grandfather granddaughter» and others. In 1962 he published the book «Who are beautiful.» In 1966 he published «What is the matter with him?».
About favorite genre Agnes L. wrote: «… In a conversation on moral themes is the satire is just the acute severe form of expression of thought, which understands children. However, this genre is, in my view, requires a particularly clear social orientation, pedagogical tact, thoughtful attitude to set educational objectives. Pretty soon after a satirical poem written, you can judge whether it hit the target, that is, whether it is remembered, whether entered into the life of the author … What a joy when the lines of his poems are applied to the case, "work"! I confess that when I first heard in the train dropped by someone phrase: "And talking to me-when? I’m talking something once"I felt in seventh heaven. There are also surprises. Included in the tram drunk, and the old lady said to him: "There is a bull, swinging …"».
In 1969 he published a book Agnes Barto «Find a man.» Seven years later, was written one book of prose, addressed to adults — «Notes of children’s poet.» Here and memories and funny stories about famous people, and abstract ideas of the author, who combined an interesting canvas, written in the form of a notebook.
Poems subsequent years, she noticed Agnes L., became more lyrical. Among them — «I grow» (1968), «For the flowers in the winter forest ‘(1970),» Just Poems «(1974). Regarding the lyrical intonations Barto said: «Keep childlike does not mean mute susceptibility to profound experiences that enrich the soul. Belinsky argued that art is a difficult art to laugh though. It seems to me that in our atomic age the art of touch it is difficult. «
In 1972 Agniyu Lvovna was awarded the Lenin Prize for his book «For the flowers in the winter forest.» The poems in this collection profound lyricism combined with subtle humor:
Wonder of wonders -For flower girl walks in winter wood.
It is not green,
As in the July heat,
He blanched snow,
(From the poem «For the flowers in the winter forest»)
Agnes Barto two terms, from 1970 to 1974, was a member of the international jury of the Medal of Hans Christian Andersen’s best children’s writers and artists. The jury has been created at the International Board on Books for Young People «1VVU.» The poet took part in the work of the jury in the meetings of the Congress, which took place in many countries, such as Portugal, Greece, Switzerland. In Brazil, the Congress’ 1VVU «she made a report. It tells of the tremendous preparatory work for the professionals involved in the creation, publishing and distribution of children’s literature in the Soviet Union.
Agniyu Barto today known and loved far beyond the borders of our country. Her reading adults and children around the world, and the young heroes of her poems became popularly favorite characters.
Rows collection Barto «Toys» familiar to everyone from early childhood.
I love my horse,
I comb it shёrstku smoothly
Scallops smoothed ponytail
And I’ll go on horseback to visit.
Bunny threw hostess -Under the rain stayed hare.
From the bench he could not get off,
All the strings to get wet.
There is a bull, swinging,
Sighs on the move:
— Oh, the board ends,
Now I fall!
No, we have decided to no avail
Rental cat in the car:
The cat is not accustomed to ride —
Honors and Awards
• State Prize of the USSR (Stalin Prize of the second degree) (1950), for the book «Poems for Children»
• Lenin Prize (1972), for the book «For the flowers in the winter forest» (Award for works for children)
• Order of Lenin
• Order of the October Revolution
• Two Red Banner of Labor
• Order «Badge of Honor»
• Medal of NK Krupskaya
• Medal of Honor «Combatants for Peace» in the medal «For the rescue of drowning»
• Medal «Miner’s Glory» I degree (by the miners of Karaganda)
• International Gold Medal of Leo Tolstoy «For merits in the creation of works for children and youth» (posthumously)
Have Barto and another award — the Order of the Smile. Initially, it came up with Polish children. «Order of the Smile» has become an international children’s award, which is awarded to people who distinguished talent, kindness and love for children.
Name Agnes Barto received and one of the craters on Venus. In honor of the poet also named one of the minor planets (VagSh 2279), located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.