It is believed that children tend to suffer from constipation in the age of one year, until the intestine acquires its own microflora. However, according to the WHO (World Health Organization), it grudnichki not suffers from constipation much more often schoolboys. If under the age of constipation faces every fifth child in school age — one in four. In the case of babies with constipation may signal serious problems caused by developmental abnormalities. Therefore, infant constipation — a reason for referral to a specialist and specific treatment. We are in this article let’s talk about why problems with bowel movement can develop in children of school age, and how we as parents can help them.
School-age children may be faced with the problem of constipation for a number of the most banal domestic reasons. One of the most common is psychological. Children react to the problem is much more active than we adults. Therefore, any journey, change of residence or access to the school can trigger a reaction on the part of the intestine. For example, many children (more often — girls) experiencing tightness, if necessary, to use a shared toilet in kindergarten or school. In addition, not every school toilets shine cleanliness. And the child in the morning do not have time to go to the toilet during the day can not do this by virtue of disgust, suffering. By evening, the urge pass until the next day and did not return. The next day, the picture is repeated.
A CONSTIPATION it?
It would seem that the question «What is constipation?» One can answer. Almost all faced with the problem — unless there can be problems with the diagnosis? To reassure people experiencing particular, doctors made a list of factors that characterize constipation. The decrease in stool frequency below the age norm. For children older than 2 years of normal bowel movements is 2 times a day before i times in 2 days. The need for strong push during a bowel movement. Feeling as if the intestine is not fully emptied, the selection of solid stool. So keep in mind the experience of the «my baby all day today Cocoa» are not the reason for going to the doctor or taking laxatives. Just complete all the factors may signal a problem.
Where are my BACTERIA?
Dysbacteriosis (or dysbiosis — the modern name of the disease) can also cause regular constipation. Developed on the basis of this trouble poisoning after taking antibiotics, or even due to the change of the habitual diet, fast food abuse and other harmful temptations. Due to the lack of necessary for digestion fecal microorganisms may be sealed, and each bowel movement turns into a test. Furthermore, as a result of dysbiosis in place of «good» bacteria may settle «bad», that can cause inflammation of the colon or anus (or all together). In this case, the process of defecation becomes very painful for the child, and to physical problems adds psychological — fear of going to the toilet.
Treatment and prevention to help your child cope with the problem of constipation, as follows from the above, it is necessary to establish the cause. If constipation is caused by one or another psychological factor, you will come to the aid of a laxative complete with a family therapy session. Regarding laxative, one of the most popular drugs — «Guttalaks®» can be given to children 4 years. Plus, this drug is that its active substance, sodium picosulphate, acting solely where necessary — in the large intestine. So, to accept it, the child will avoid a variety of almost every loving parent and inventive: the difficulties of travel can distract funny road game or a few days off from the crossings.
To adapt to the school mode, it is necessary to teach the child to go to bed and get up early and not to postpone the march «in the large» to the school. If a child is experiencing discomfort, regularly changing the place of residence (from the country home from home for a visit with an overnight stay), we will have to limit the time of travel. And over time, the problem will be solved by itself.
REGULAR ISSUE If constipation is repeated on a regular basis, then you must take a child to consult a gastroenterologist. For the diagnosis of constipation and identify its causes doctor will do a survey and in-depth examination of the child, plus most likely send it to the ultrasound of the abdomen. In addition, the list of diagnostic measures include ezofagoga-stroduodenoskopiya (or, as they used to call this procedure, gastroscopy), analysis of feces, urine and bowel x-rays. However, not the fact that your child will have to go through all these tests — a complete set is required only in severe cases.
According to the survey results will be assigned to drugs that will adjust the gastrointestinal tract (in particular, support the microflora, which is very, very desirable to try to recover on their own without preliminary analyzes). And, of course, to alleviate the condition the doctor will prescribe a laxative «Guttalaks®», which allows you to quickly eliminate the most unpleasant symptoms.
Dysbacteriosis — one of the possible causes of regular constipation
Enema: Pros and Cons
In the distant Soviet past enema was the first and last resort for constipation. It was from my grandmother carried our children love and affection for this method. Particularly active doctors recommended soap enemas, which greatly irritated intestinal mucosa, or enema decoction of herbs (safer means). In any case, today, with the advent of soft and effective laxative such as «Guttalaks® ‘need for enemas disappeared. If you can not wait for the effect of laxative, enema recommended oil (any vegetable oil). However, if a child is afraid of the procedure, aggressive intervention can only aggravate the situation, because the problem will be added to the physiological psychological stress.
The cause of constipation may be frequent trips to the cottage or visit with an overnight stay.